Primary Origins of Sleep Disorders and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Common Symptoms and Implications for Diagnosis and Treatment
Publication Date:January 2011
There have been many recent studies set up to examine the characteristics of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Sleeping Disorders (SDO), some separately and others to determine whether or not there is a link between them. To control behavior, medication is the most frequent method of treatment for ADHD, even though there is not yet an understanding of long-term effects of chemical intervention. The pharmaceutical industry funds most of these studies on ADHD, beginning with a hypothesis to determine a deficit in character, assigning a label, and proceeding to correct with a prescription. The diagnosis of ADHD is generally based on parent and caregiver’s reports of child behavior and has been steadily increasing over the past several decades. Thus far, there have been few studies that explore the relationships and environmental contributions to the problem behaviors identified in both conditions. This paper suggests that ADHD and SDO have relational implications that originate prior to and during the birth process. This paper explores recent studies that have identified the symptoms common of ADHD and SDO and question the validity of the diagnosis and the
use of medication to treat the symptoms.
Acebo, C, Sadeh, ?., Seifer, R, Tzischinsky, O., Hafer, ?., & Carskadon, MA. (2005). Sleep/wake patterns of healthy one- to five-year-old children derived from activity monitoring and maternal report. Sleep. 28, (12), 1568-1577. Abstract retrieved from Refdoc. Database. httpy/cat.inist.fr/?aModele=afficheN&cpsidt=17310416
Biederman J., & Faraone S.V. (2002). Current concepts on the neurobiology of AttentionDeficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. Journal of Attention Disorder 6 Suppl 1:S7-16. Abstract retrieved from PubMed. http://www.ncbi.imTi.nm.gov/pubmed/12685515
Chervin, R.D., Archbold, KH., Dillon, J.E., Panahi, P., Pituch, KJ., Dahl, R.E., Guilleminault, C. (2002). Inattention, hyperactivity, and symptoms of sleepdisordered breathing. Pediatrics, 109(3), 449-456. Retrieved from http//pediatrics.aappubHcations.org/cgi/content/full/109/3/449
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, (May, 2010). Content source: Division of human development, national center on birth defects and developmental disabilities, centers for disease control and prevention. Atlanta, GA. Retrieved from, http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/adhd/data.html
Domínguez-Ortega, L., & de Vicente-Colomina, A. (2006, April 8). Attention deficithyperactivity disorder and sleep disorder. Medicina Clinica, 126(16), 500-506. Abstract retrieved from: http://wwwncbi.nlm.nm.gov/sites/enfrez?dB=PULMED&cmd=search&Term=%22de%20 VkenteO)lomma%20A%22%5BAuthor%5D^tool=EntTezSystenT2PEntrez.Pubmed.P ubmed_ResultsPanel.Pubmed_DiscoveryPanel.Pubmed_RVAbstractPlus
Emerson, W. PhD. (1997). Birth trauma: The psychological effects of obstetrical interventions. Petaluma, CA: Emerson Training Seminars.
Fallone, G. PhD. (n.d.). Adolescent ADHD: Sleep, symptoms and medication. Bradley Hasbro Children's Research Centre. Retrieved December 1, 2008. from http://wwwlifespan.org/servioes/chudhealth/research/studies/sleep-adhd.htm
Fewster, G (2008, November 29). Shedding some light. The Globe and Mail
Finn, R. (2003). Sleep restriction leads to symptoms of ADHD. Pediatric News, 37(4), 24. Retrieved from Elsevier: http-y/wwwpediatricnews.com/article/PnS0031398X03704408/fulltext
Gruber, R., & Sadeh, A. (2004). Sleep and neurobehavioral functioning in boys with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and no breathing problems. Sleep, 27(2), 267-273. http//www.tau.ac.il/~sadeh/clinic/adhd%20sleep%20nes%202004.pdf
Jordan, B. (1993). Birth in four cultures: A cross cultural investigation of childbirth in Yucatan, Holland, Sweden, and the United States (4th Ed.). Long Grove, IL: Waveland Press, Inc.
Kimura M., & Winkelmann, J. (2007). Genetics of sleep and sleep disorders. Cellular Molecular Life Sciences. 64(10), 1212-26. doi: 10.1007/s00018-007-6532-1
McCarty, WA. (2004). Welcoming consciousness: Supporting babies wholeness from the beginning of life - An integrated model of early development. Santa Barbara, CA: WB Publishing.
Natural Family Living-Right From the Start (2008). Nurturing human potential and optimizing relationships from the beginning of life: 12 guiding principles from primary psychology. Brochure]. Santa Barbara, CA: www.naturalfanmyhvingsb.org
Newbury, J. (2004). Holistic approach. CYC Online. 62. http://www.cyc-net.org/cyconline/cycol-0304-holistic.html
Oberg, V. (2010). The amniotomy question: Pros & Cons. Midwifery Tbday.
Owens, JA. (2008). Sleep disorders and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Current Psychiatry Reports. 10(5), 439-44. Abstract retrieved from http//www.ncbi.nlni.nm.gov/pubnied/18803919?ordinalpos=2&itool=EntrezSystern 2.PEntrez.Pubmed.Pubmed_ResultsPanel.Pubmed_DefaultReportPanel.Pubmed_R VDocSum
Picchietti, D., England, S., Walters, A., Willis, K, & Verrico, T. (1998). Periodic limb movement disorder and restless legs syndrome in children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Journal of Child Neurology. 3, 588-94. Abstract retrieved from, http://www.ncbi.nlni.iim.gov/pubmed/988 1529
Pockett C, & Kirk, V. (2006). Periodic limb movements in sleep and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: Are they related? Paediatric Child Heath 11(6), 355- 358. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nih.nib-gov/pmc/articles/PMC2828616/pdf/pch11355.pdf
Presser, P. (2006). Beyond deficit views: Engaging students with ADHD. Paper presented at the Australian Association for Research in Education Conference, Adelaide, 29 November 2006. Retrieved from http://www.aare.edu.au/06pap/pro06163.pdf
Robison, L., Sciar, D., Skaer, T., & Gahn, R. (1999). National trends in the prevalence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and the prescribing of methylphenidate among school-age children: 1990-1995. Clinical Pediatrics 38(4), 209-17. Abstract retrieved from: http//wwwncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10326 176?ordinalpos= 19&itool=EntrezSyste m2.PEntrez.Pubmed.Pubmed_ResultsPanel.Pubmed_DefaultReportPanel.Pubmed _RVDocSum
Rohde, LA., Szobot, C, Polanczyk, G., Schmitz, M., Martins, S., &Tramontina, S. (2005). Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in a diverse culture: Do research and clinical findings support the notion of a cultural construct for the disorder? Biological Psychiatry. 57(11), 1436-41. Abstract retrieved http//www.ncbi.nlni.nih.gov/pubnied/15950018?ordinalpos=47&itool=EntrezSyste m2.PEntrez.Pubmed.Pubmed_ResultsPanel.Pubmed_DefaultReportPanel.Pubmed_ RVDocSum
Siegel, D., & Hartzell, M. (2004). Parenting from the inside out. New York. Penguin Group.
Stuart, M.D. (2007). The Impact of Sleep Disorders in ADHD. [Online exclusive] dbpeds.org electronic journal. 16(1), 14-16. Retrieved from: httpy/www.aap.org/sections/dbpeds/pdf/FrNAL%20SODBP%20Spring%202007.pdf
Thapar, A., Langley, K, O'donovan, M., & Owen, M. (2006). Refining the attention deficit hyperactivity disorder phenotype for molecular genetic studies. Molecular Psychiatry. 11(8), 714-20. Abstract retrieved from httpy/wwwncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16702977?ordinalpos=32&itool=EntrezSyste m2.PEntrez.Pubmed.Pubmed_ResultsPanel.Pubmed_DefaultReportPanel.Pubmed_ RVDocSum
Tronick, E. (2007). The neurobehavioral and social -emotional development of infants and children. New York. W. W. Norton & Company.
Waddell, C, Shepherd, C, & McLauchlin, G. (2007). Creating mentally healthy communities, starting with children. Mentally Healthy Communities: A Collection of Papers. 45-58. Retrieved from: http://secure.cihi.ca/ciMweb/products/m.entaUy_healthy_commtunities_en.pdf