Child Neglect: The Precursor to Child Abuse
Publication Date:December 1993
Using questionnaire and interview techniques, 167 children aged 11 to 18, and 213 adults were asked for information on their experiences of physical abuse, physical neglect, verbal abuse, emotional neglect, and sexual abuse. When neglect preceded abuse in children who experienced both, the negative impact on the child's outlook was magnified. Neglect increases a child's susceptibility and vulnerability to abuse. Our data indicates neglect has a greater impact than abuse on a child's selfperception and future outlook. Being mistreated as a child and being mistreated by a spouse correlate highly with a parent's tendency to mistreat, particularly with physical and emotional neglect.
Bowlby, J. (1969). Attachment. Vol. 1. Attachment and Loss, New York: Basic Books.
Brayden, R.M. (1992). Antecedents of child abuse in the first two years of life. Journal of Paediatrics 120 (3), 426-429.
Crittenden, P.M. (1992). Children's strategies for coping with adverse home environments: an interpretation using attachment theory. Child Abuse & Neglect 16(3), 329-43.
Damme, C. (1978). Infanticide: the worth of an infant under the law. Medical History 22, 1-24.
Dennis, W. (1973). Children of the creche. New York: Appelton Century Crofts.
Fukunaga, T., Mizoi, Y., Yamashita, A., Yamada M., et. al. (1992). Thymus of abused/neglected children, Forensic Science International 53(1), 69-79.
Galvin, M., Shekhar, A., Simon, J., Stilwell, B., et. al. (1991). Low dopamine-beta-hydroxylase: a biological sequela of abuse and neglect? Psychiatry Research 39(1), 1-11.
Goldson, E. (1991), The affective and cognitive sequelae of child maltreatment. Paediatric Clinics of North America 38(6), 1481-96.
Jones, E.D., & McCurdy, K. (1992). Links between types of maltreatment and demographic characteristics of children. CAiW Abuse & Neglect 16(2), 201-215.
Lloyd, J., & Laurence, K.M. (1985). Sequelae and support after termination of pregnancy for fetal malformation. British Medical Journal 290(6472), 907-909.
Lyons-Ruth, K., Connell, D.B., Grunebaum, H.U., & Botein, S., (1990). Infants at social risk: maternal depression and family support services as mediators of infant development and security of attachment. Child Development 61(1), 85-98.
Mattinson, J., (1985). Effects of abortion on a marriage. Ciba Foundation Symposium. 115, 165-177.
Murphy, J.M., Jellinek, M., Quinn, D., Smith G., et. al. (1991). Substance abuse and serious child mistreatment: prevalence, risk, and outcome in a court sample. Child Abuse & Neglect 15(3), 197-211.
Ney, P.G. (1986). Child abuse: a study of the child's perspective. Child Abuse & Neglect 10, 511-518.
- (1987). Does verbal abuse leave deeper scars? A study of children and parents, Canadian Journal of Psychiatry 32(5), 371-378.
- (1988). Transgenerational Child Abuse. Child Psychiatry and Human Development 18, 151-168.
- (1989). Child Mistreatment: Possible Reasons for its Transgenerational Transmission. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry 34, 594-601.
Ohshima T., Nakaya T., Saito, K., Maeda H., Nagano T. (1991). Child neglect followed by marked thymic involution and fatal systemic pseudomonas infection. International Journal of Legal Medicine 104(3), 167-171.
Piasecki, J.M., Manson, S.M., Bieroff, M.P., Hiat, A.B., et. al. (1989). Abuse and neglect of American Indian children: findings from a survey of federal providers. American Indian Alaska Mental Health Research 3(2), 43-62.
Pines, D. (1990). Pregnancy, miscarriage and abortion. A psychoanalytic perspective. International Journal of Psychoanalysis 77(Pt 2), 301-307.
Preston, S.H. (1984). Children and the elderly in the U.S. Scientific American 251(6), 44-49.
Smith, J.A., Adler, R.G., (1991). Children hospitalized with child abuse and neglect: a case-controlled study. Child Abuse & Neglect 15(4), 437-445.
van der Kolk, B.A., Perry J.C., Herman, J.L. (1991). Childhood origins of self-destructive behaviour, American Journal of Psychiatry 148(12), 1665-1671.
Philip G. Ney, MD, FRCP(C), FRANZCP, Tak Fung, Ph.D., and Adele Rose Wickett, BSN
Philip G. Ney, MD, FRCP(C), FRANZCP, is a child and family psychiatrist, a Clinical Professor with the Department of Family Practice, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, and on staff at Jack Ledger House of The Arbutus Society for Children. He was previously a Professor of Psychiatry, University of Calgary, and at the University of Otago, New Zealand. Dr. Tak Fung, PhD, is a Bio-Statistician with the Academic Computing Services, University of Calgary. He has collaborated on a number of previous articles associated with child abuse and neglect. Mrs. Adele Wickett, BSN, has been Research Assistant associated with these projects for a number of years. Correspondence should be sent to Dr. Philip G. Ney, Box 24003, 4440 West Saanich Road, Victoria, B.C. V8Z 7E7 Canada.