Poster Session ~ The Prenatal Development of Maternal Self-Efficacy in First-time Mothers
A mother’s beliefs about her ability to carry out tasks related to parenting, or her level of maternal self-efficacy (MSE), has been found to have important implications for both mother and child. For example, MSE has been found to be negatively correlated with postpartum depression, to be positively correlated with observed competence in parenting, and to mediate the relationship between maternal depression and maternal competence.3 MSE has also been found to be related to children’s socio-emotional functioning. Curiously, although maternal development begins prenatally, most MSE studies have only examined its development postpartum. The exceptions are a few studies targeting only the last trimester of pregnancy. This presentation will report on the early pregnancy data from a longitudinal study of the development of MSE from early pregnancy to postpartum. This research aims to understand associations among MSE, women’s relationships with their prenatal providers, and their childbirth experiences.