Journal Abstracts

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  • Abstract:

    An evaluation of prelearning theory - which maintains that normative brain cell death prior to birth can be beneficially influenced by sensory imprinting - began in December 1986, providing progressive sonoral stimuli for a two-month fetus. These sequenced signals were adapted from the maternal blood pulse, as recorded by hydrophone in utero, thus conforming to the prenate's natural sonic environment; three hours of daily application lasted seven months, administered from a portable audiocassette player with transducers positioned on the abdomen.

  • Abstract:

    Report on Research Project: Interviews with 2 ½ to 3 ½ Year Old Children Regarding Their Memories of Birth and the Pre-Natal Period

  • Abstract:

    A psychosocial analysis explores some fantasies underpinning sexual asymmetry with emphasis on female childrearing and denial of maternal subjectivity. It is suggested that whereas in the past gender-role distinction between the sexes was rooted in procreativity, recent technological innovations have liberalized definitions in the West, offering greater choice and self-determination as we now can discriminate between sexuality, reproduction and childrearing.

  • Abstract:

    Chronic armoring is a physiologic contraction of the musculature that begins in childhood and serves to protect the organism against inner feelings and threats from the outer world. By blocking the free flow of life energy through the longitudinal axis of the body, armoring inhibits spontaneous pulsation of organ systems and the organism as a whole. In childbirth armoring prevents easy surrender to the process of labor.

  • Abstract:

    Fantasy during pregnancy is a very common occurrence, especially during the third trimester. It is often disturbing to the woman, and may provide insights into client concerns of clinical relevance to the health care professional who delivers care to this population. This paper reports on a preliminary classification schema for third trimester fantasies, based on a survey of fantasies reported by pregnant women during this time period. Clinical examples of counseling situations using the schema to identify pregnant clients' problems and concerns are discussed.

  • Abstract:

    The history of child psychology developed around the question of how far, and in what way children are different from adults and different from children in later stages of life. This presented problems for prenatal psychology. The author follows the evolution of thought about prenatal life from Sigmund Freud, Sandor Ferenczi, Otto Rank and Gustav Hans Graber, the founder and first president of the International Studysociety in Prenatal Psychology (ISPP).

  • Abstract:

    Already a British medical missionary and parasitologist, Lake trained in psychiatry. He used LSD from 1954 to 1969, but turned to deep breathing and other approaches. Following pioneers in psychotherapy he facilitated deep regression. By recognizing the original context of a primal memory patients re-integrated the separate memory systems. Lake scientifically defended the feasibility that cell memory could antedate brain memory. Some of his insights into maternal-fetal effects have been corroborated in sociology, criminology, obstetrics and biochemistry.

  • Abstract:
  • Abstract:

    Hypothalamic corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) is a neuropeptide that has a central role in responses to stress. During pregnancy, CRH also is synthesized by the placenta. This paper focuses on the effects of placental CRH on two outcomes: timing of onset of parturition and fetal development. It appears that premature elevation of placental CRH during pregnancy may contribute to shorter gestational lengths. Also, CRH may affect fetal development.

  • Abstract:

    Background: Culturally sensitive intervention programs are needed to help Native American and Hispanic populations reduce alcohol, drug and tobacco use during pregnancy. Reduction of the adverse impact of psychosocial stress, increase of social support, and adequate preparation for labor and birth is also desirable.

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