• Marijuana Use Prior to Pregnancy Doubles Risk of Premature Birth

ScienceDaily (July 17, 2012) — A large international study led by University of
Adelaide researchers has found that women who use marijuana can more than double
the risk of giving birth to a baby prematurely.

Preterm or premature birth -- at least three weeks before a baby's due date --
can result in serious and life-threatening health problems for the baby, and an
increased risk of health problems in later life, such as heart disease and diabetes.

A study of more than 3000 pregnant women in Adelaide, Australia and Auckland,

• Carrying trauma to the next generation

New evidence suggests that the trauma is not just psychological, but
biological and even heritable. By altering the chemical mechanisms regulating
gene expression, these modifications may become embedded in the male germ line,
and can be passed down to the victim's children.

The July 7 bombings and heritability: carrying trauma to the next generation
The offspring of male survivors of the July 7 bombings may inherit anxiety and
By Michael Stewart
The Telegraph

23 Nov 2010

• Policy Statement from American Academy of Pediatricians: Early experiences with significant stress are critical

Although not new to the APPPAH community, New York Times columnist, Nicolas Kristof, and The American Academy of Pediatricians (AAU) are talking about the effects of early toxic stress from conception onward.

New York Times column:

• Fetus Senses Mother's Emotions

Although this may not be news for APPPAH members the article and research serves to support APPPAH's perspective.

As a fetus grows, it's constantly getting messages from its mother. It's not just hearing her heartbeat and whatever music she might play to her belly; it also gets chemical signals through the placenta. A new study, which will be published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science, finds that this includes signals about the mother's mental state. If the mother is depressed, that affects how the baby develops after it's born.

• Staunching Aggression from the Womb

Note: Ms. Liu was published in Volume 18, Issue 4 or our journal - article titled "Prenatal and Perinatal Complications as Predispositions to Externalizing Behavior".

Crime and delinquency have roots in the womb, and so the risks can and should be addressed early on, even before a child is born, a University of Pennsylvania researcher says.

According to a large body of research, the early risk factors that may predispose a child to violence include teen pregnancy, birth complications, lead exposure, head injury, child abuse, and maternal stress and depression.

• Prenatal Exposure to Stress Linked to Accelerated Cell Aging

ScienceDaily (Sep. 16, 2011) — Young adults whose mothers experienced psychological trauma during their pregnancies show signs of accelerated aging, a UC Irvine-led study found. The researchers discovered that this prenatal exposure to stress affected the development of chromosome regions that control cell aging processes. The study results, which appear online this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, point to the importance of maternal health and well-being during pregnancy.

Means to Reduce Violence May Start in Utero

Never Too Soon: Means to Reduce Violence May Start in Utero ScienceDaily (Sep. 10, 2011) The seeds of violence may be planted before a child is born...Nursing Assistant Professor Jianghong Liu, PhD, RN, in the journal Aggression and Violent Behavior. Science News

Our New Website from the Santa Rosa Junior College

Welcome to the new website.

A team of talented and dedicated students from the Santa Rosa Junior College have designed and developed our website. The site now has much to offer visitors and members.

If you are a member, login to use features such as:

• Members-only directory
• Adding your information to the public directory (practitioners listing)
• Posting your upcoming events
• Posting comments to blogs
• Reviewing journal articles online with unlimited downloads of past articles
• Searching for favorite authors
• Keyword searches for research projects