• Yoga Reduces Depression ~ Boosts Bonding

Yoga Reduces Depression in Pregnant Women, Boosts Maternal Bonding

ScienceDaily (Aug. 8, 2012) — University of Michigan study the first to show
evidence that mindfulness yoga may offer effective treatment for depressed new
mothers to be. Prenatal yoga may help women cope with depression.

It's no secret that pregnancy hormones can dampen moods, but for some expectant
moms, it's much worse: 1 in 5 experience major depression.

Now, new research shows that an age-old recommended stress-buster may actually
work for this group of women: yoga.

Pregnant women who were identified as psychiatrically high risk and who
participated in a 10-week mindfulness yoga intervention saw significant
reductions in depressive symptoms, according to a University of Michigan Health
System pilot feasibility study. Mothers-to-be also reported stronger attachment
to their babies in the womb.

The findings were published in Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice.

"We hear about pregnant women trying yoga to reduce stress but there's no data
on how effective this method is," says lead author Maria Muzik, M.D., M.S.,
assistant professor of psychiatry and assistant research scientist at the Center
for Human Growth and Development. "Our work provides promising first evidence
that mindfulness yoga may be an effective alternative to pharmaceutical
treatment for pregnant women showing signs of depression.

"This promotes both mother and baby wellbeing."

Mental health disorders during pregnancy, including depression and anxiety, have
become a serious health concern. Hormonal changes, genetic predisposition and
social factors set the stage for some expectant moms to experience persistent
irritability, feelings of being overwhelmed and inability to cope with stress.

Untreated, these symptoms bear major health risks for both the mom and baby,
including poor weight gain, preeclampsia, premature labor and trouble bonding
with the new baby.

While antidepressants have proven to effectively treat these mood disorders,
Muzik says, previous studies show that many pregnant women are reluctant to take
these drugs out of concern for their infant's safety.

"Unfortunately, few women suffering from perinatal health disorders receive
treatment, exposing them and their child to the negative impact of psychiatric
illness during one of the most vulnerable times," Muzik says. "That's why
developing feasible alternatives for treatment is critical."

Evidence suggests women are more comfortable with nontraditional treatments,
including herbal medicine, relaxation techniques and mind-body work.

Yoga continues to grow in popularity but in the United States, many classes
concentrate on yoga as "exercise," omitting the practice of being fully present
in the moment and aware, authors say.

Meanwhile, mindfulness yoga -- which combines meditative focus with physical
poses -- has proven to be a powerful method to fight stress and boost energy.

For the U-M research study, women who showed signs of depression and who were
between 12-26 weeks pregnant participated in 90-minute mindfulness yoga sessions
that focused on poses for the pregnant body, as well as support in the awareness
of how their bodies were changing to help their babies grow.

Funding for follow up work on this subject was recently provided by a grant from
the Institute for Research on Women and Gender.

"Research on the impact of mindfulness yoga on pregnant women is limited but
encouraging," Muzik says. "This study builds the foundation for further research
on how yoga may lead to an empowered and positive feeling toward pregnancy."

Additional Authors: Besides Muzik, authors were Susan E. Hamilton, M.A.,
Katherine Lisa Rosenblum, Ph.D, Ellen Waxier, B.S., and Zahra Hadi, MSW, all of U-M.

Funding: University of Michigan, Department of Family Medicine

The above story is reprinted from materials provided by University of
Michigan Health System.

Journal Reference:

Maria Muzik, Susan E. Hamilton, Katherine Lisa Rosenblum, Ellen Waxler,
Zahra Hadi. Mindfulness yoga during pregnancy for psychiatrically at-risk women:
Preliminary results from a pilot feasibility study. Complementary Therapies in
Clinical Practice, 2012; DOI: 10.1016/j.ctcp.2012.06.006

University of Michigan Health System (2012, August 8). Yoga reduces depression
in pregnant women, boosts maternal bonding. ScienceDaily. Retrieved August 10,
2012, from
http://www.sciencedaily.com­ /releases/2012/08/120808121916.htm

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