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Adverse Babyhood Experiences (ABEs) Increase Risk for Infant and Maternal Morbidity and Mortality, and Chronic Illness
Publication Date: 06/2020
Author(s): Veronique Mead

Keywords: Critical periods, fetal origins of adult disease, adverse babyhood experiences, ABEs, adverse childhood experiences, ACEs, trauma, postpartum depression, maternal morbidity, maternal mortality, maternal-infant bonding, asthma, type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, heart disease

Adverse babyhood experiences (ABEs) identify 10 categories of negative events for mothers before they conceive, and for parents and babies from conception until a child’s third birthday. ABEs identify preventable and reducible non-genetic factors that increase risk for infant morbidity and mortality, chronic illness, mental health conditions, and other symptoms in a child’s life; morbidity and mortality in mothers; PTSD and depression in fathers, and more.

Creating Healthy Layers of Support at Home and Socially: Monday LIVE! Panel Discussion, March 30th, 2020
Publication Date: 06/2020
Author(s): Thomas R Verny, Raylene Phillips, Peg Bledsoe, Rebecca Thompson Hitt, Nina Ketscher

Keywords: COVID-19, Layers of Support

Editor’s note: This piece was transcribed by the editor from the audio recording containing the above title. Both panelists and the editor changed some of the wording for clarity, but not content. The original recording can be found on the APPPAH website.

How Birth Providers in the United States are Responding to the COVID-19 Pandemic
Publication Date: 06/2020
Author(s): Robbie Davis-Floyd, Kim Gutschow, David A. Schwartz

Keywords: COVID-19, Pregnancy, Birth, Maternity Care, Obstetricians, Midwives, Doulas, Homebirth, Freebirth, SARS-CoV-2, Maternal Health

How quickly and in what ways are United States maternity care practices changing due to the COVID-19 pandemic? Our survey data indicate that partners and doulas are being excluded from birthing rooms while many mothers are isolated, unsupported, and laboring alone. Providers face changing hospital protocols, lack of personal protective equipment (PPE), and unclear guidelines for practice. In this rapid-response article, we investigate the quickly shifting protocols for in-hospital and out-of-hospital births, and examine the decision making behind these changes.

Study of Prenatal Experiencing-Modality from Developmental Clinical and “Kansei” Psychology Perspectives
Publication Date: 06/2020
Author(s): Daisuke Oshioka, Yumina Ozaki

Keywords: prenatal period, experiencing, focusing

We retrospectively analyzed the different modalities of prenatal fetal experiences delineated in different picture books from the perspective of developmental and “kansei” psychology by utilizing the six characteristics of experiencing proposed by Gendlin (1961). The results suggested the possibility of experiences of emotions in unborn children that are elicited without clear emotional experiences. The study also indicated possible prenatal fetal experiences similar to internal working seen in the focusing process in which one refers directly to the felt-sense.

Depression in a Warrior Father
Publication Date: 03/2020
Author(s): Michael Trout

Keywords: Expectant fathers, Perinatal, Depression

While perinatal depression in men is not unknown and is occasionally mentioned in the literature, we do not have clear models for intensive treatment when the depression is immobilizing and persistent. This article follows the progress of a man who collapsed in the final month of his partner’s pregnancy for their first child, through a hospitalization and a period of psychotropic drugs, discovery of the meaning of his depression, and eventual recovery.

Quality Maternal Health Care from the Voices of Childbearing Women: Factors that Optimize and Disturb Wellbeing
Publication Date: 03/2020
Author(s): Janelle Kwee, Hillary McBride, Larissa Rossen

Keywords: Psychosocial factors in birth, childbearing women's experiences, ECIT, influence of care providers

Maternal health care providers play a significant role in shaping women’s childbearing experiences. While there is increasing recognition of the importance of understanding psychosocial processes for childbearing women, there is a lack of research from the perspectives of women themselves. For this study, women were asked about incidents that optimized and disturbed their perinatal experience, and about what they had originally hoped for in these experiences.

Supporting Men in Their Transition to Fatherhood
Publication Date: 03/2020
Author(s): Jay Warren

Keywords: Expectant fathers, Bonding, Postpartum, Father-baby dyad

Today’s fathers have few generational or cultural references to guide them through the novel levels of expectations and demands placed upon them as new parents. Increasing rates of both divorce and postpartum depression in men show that new fathers need more support. Through education, communication, and peer support groups, today’s fathers can be the active, supportive, loving parents they desire to be for their family.

The Brain-Mind Conundrum: The Rise of Quantum Biology
Publication Date: 03/2020
Author(s): Thomas R Verny

Keywords: Neurobiology, Research and Theories, Pre and Perintal Psychology, Brain, Mind, Consciousness, Quantum Biology, Microtubules

All present-day neuroscience is cortico-centric. It’s all about the brain. The mind is left to philosophers or theologians to debate. Yet proponents of pre- and perinatal psychology know that we are more than just cells and hormones. While there is no doubt that the brain is material—that is, it can be seen, touched, and measured, and as such obeys Newtonian laws of physics (Classical Physics)—this materialistic approach is contradicted by hard scientific data from the cutting edge of academic scholarship on Quantum Physics.

Unwanted Pregnancy of Holocaust Parents – As Reflected on Artist Life and Artwork
Publication Date: 03/2020
Author(s): Ofra Lubetzky

Keywords: Abortion, Artist, Holocaust survivor

A “good-enough mother” (or parent) is one who adapts herself to her baby’s needs and can identify with them in their initial stage of absolute dependence, including pregnancy (Winnicott, 1965). Abortion survivors are people who have experienced the threat of being aborted, either from a direct physical attempt, or from living in an unwelcome prenatal environment in which abortion was consciously or unconsciously contemplated by one or both parents.

Birth with No Regret in Turkey
Publication Date: 12/2019
Author(s): Hakan Coker, Nese Karabekir, Serpil Varlık

Keywords: Birth, Birthpsychology, Therapeutic Relationship

Birth with No Regret is a new model of birth care in Turkey in which, throughout parturition, the mother is cared for humanistically by an egalitarian, non-hierarchical team consisting of an obstetrician, midwife, and birth psychologist. The birth psychologist is our major innovation, whose greatest responsibility is to both ensure that the entire family experiences birth with no regret and process the emotions of the team so that we can keep our energy focused on the woman and her needs.

Open and Closed Knowledge Systems, The Four Stages of Cognition, and the Cultural Management of Birth: Part 2
Publication Date: 12/2019
Author(s): Robbie Davis-Floyd

Keywords: Birth, Midwifery, culture, Obstetrics

This conceptual “think piece” appears in JOPPPAH in two parts. Part 1 looked at four Stages of Cognition, relating each of them to an anthropological concept: Stages 1 and 2 encode closed, rigid, or concrete thinking. Stage 1 incorporates naïve realism (our way is the only way), fundamentalism (our way is the only right way), and fanaticism (our way is so right that all others should be assimilated or eliminated).

Prenatal Sentience, Psychedelic Healing, and the Future of Therapy
Publication Date: 12/2019
Author(s): Serge Marc Lazard

Keywords: Prenatal Memories, Prenatal Trauma, psychedelics, psychotherapy

A traumatic prenatal event was uncovered following a ceremony with the Amazonian medicine ayahuasca. Further ceremonies revealed abundant details about the contents of that event. What had started as an unsolicited discovery about my early history gradually became a process of deep psychotherapy as I found numerous connections between the event and my adult life. Practical principles for this type of investigation are outlined.

Spiritual Midwifery, Empty Chair Meditation, and Prenatal Memories: Helping Clients Navigate Pregnancy, Birth, Lifelong Stress, and Communication
Publication Date: 12/2019
Author(s): Satoshi Ueda

Keywords: holistic childbirth, spiritual midwife, empty chair meditation

Practicing daily meditation, which I studied at Berkeley Psychic Institute (BPI), intensified my state of consciousness and triggered my recollection of some of my prenatal memories. I help facilitate safer births as a trained Spiritual Midwife, by practicing spiritual healing and daily empty chair meditation with my clients. These are very useful tools, not only for pregnant women and family members, but also for people of any age who have emotional difficulties; both can promote releasing stress and can allow better communication with others.

Traumatic Birth History as a Predictor for Burnout in NICU Nurses: Time for a Paradigm Shift
Publication Date: 12/2019
Author(s): Karin Kushniruk

Keywords: Pre and Perintal Psychology, Birthpsychology, Prenatal Trauma, NICU, countertransference stress, burnout

The etiology of NICU nurse burnout focuses primarily on job-related factors. Burnout resulting from countertransference stress between nurses and patients is unexplored. This study explored the novel concept that nurses’ traumatic perinatal histories may be associated with their burnout. Two hundred eighty-three NICU nurses completed the Maslach Burnout Inventory and a Birth History Survey. Multiple regression analyses determined which demographic and birth history variables were predictive of burnout.

A Meta-Synthesis Exploring the Experience of Postpartum Psychosis
Publication Date: 09/2019
Author(s): Sophie Wicks, Anna Tickle, Vanessa Dale-Hewitt

Keywords: Postpartum Psychosis, Qualitative Research, Pre and Perintal Psychology

Not as much research exists regarding postpartum psychosis as compared to other perinatal mental health disorders, such as postpartum depression. In this meta-ethnography, twelve qualitative studies were examined. Four themes were developed: support needs and preferences; the terrifying and surreal world of postpartum psychosis; stigma and dismissal; and process of recovery. Alongside the four themes identified, consideration of personal appraisals and regaining personal identity may assist with recovery.

Epilinguistics Inside Epigenetics
Publication Date: 09/2019
Author(s): Luisella Magnani, Massimo Agosti

Keywords: Pre and Perintal Parenting Programs, Epigenetics, Human Development

This article addresses the importance of the words we choose, especially when working with expectant and new mothers and their babies. Science is beginning to discover that the way we choose our words can improve the neural functioning of the brain and have the power to influence the expression of genes that regulate physical and emotional stress.

Open and Closed Knowledge Systems, The Four Stages of Cognition, and the Cultural Management of Birth: Part 1
Publication Date: 09/2019
Author(s): Robbie Davis-Floyd

Keywords: Birth, Midwifery, Obstetrics, Research and Theories

To better understand both the resistance to and the acceptance of pre- and perinatal psychology and other ways of thinking about birth, Part One of this article describes four stages of cognition and their anthropological equivalents. I correlate Stage 1—closed, rigid thinking —with naïve realism (“our way is the only way”), fundamentalism (“our way is the only right way”), and fanaticism (“our way is so right that all others should be assimilated or eliminated”).

Validating an Observational Measure of Prenatal Emotional Availability among Mothers with Depressive Symptoms
Publication Date: 09/2019
Author(s): Saara J. Salo, Marjo Flykt, Sanna Isosävi, Raija- Leena Punamäki, Mirjam Kalland, Zeynep Biringen, Marjaterttu Pajulo

Keywords: Emotional Availability, Pregnancy, Adult Attachment, Reflective Functioning

This study describes a new observational measure for assessing a mother’s prenatal emotional availability in relationship towards her unborn baby (Pre-EA). Concurrent associations between a mother’s Pre-EA, her adult attachment style (AAI), and prenatal maternal reflective functioning (RF) (Pregnancy Interview) were assessed among 45 pregnant women (gw 22-31) screened positive for depressive symptoms in a community-based sample. Pre-EA was measured from a videotaped, semi-structured maternal-fetal interaction assessment procedure (MIM).

Conscious Conception: Foundations of Emotional Development and Considerations for Professionals Working with Families
Publication Date: 06/2019
Author(s): Ann C. Caird

Keywords: Pregnancy, Parenting, Pre and Perintal Psychology

Conscious conception encompasses physical, emotional, spiritual, and practical considerations that prepare parents to welcome, nurture, and parent their baby, and that form foundations for bonding and secure attachment. Parents’ thoughts and feelings before, at, and after conception and discovery of pregnancy influence the baby’s developing core beliefs of self, relationships, and the world. Parents’ abilities to differentiate their thoughts and feelings from those of the baby are critical to the baby’s developing felt sense of emotional safety and optimal development of self.

Forms of Expression of a Preverbal Reality in Child Psychotherapy
Publication Date: 06/2019
Author(s): Ignez Carvalho Hartmann

Keywords: Pre and Perintal Psychology, Adoption, Cellular Memory

Preverbal contents need special attention in the therapeutic process, due to their difficult accessibility and the tendency to be actuated in the therapeutic relationship. The author describes how essential steps in intrauterine development are linked to the symbolic representation of the mother-child unit and emphasizes the importance of body-related experiences in curing preverbal traumas. Sand scenes that can be metaphors for the body allow a first expression, at the symbolic level, of these unthinkable contents.

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