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Tobacco Abuse in Pregnancy
Publication Date: 12/2002
Author(s): Robert J Oliver

Nicotine Tobacum with its 4,000 additives remains the most injurious addiction to the pregnant woman and her baby. At the discovery of being pregnant 60% of women will quit and 40% will continue throughout the pregnancy. For those 40% tobacco's chemicals will be absorbed into mother's blood, and the baby will be bathed in these toxins. There will be 144,000 spontaneous abortions (approximately 14.6% of all pregnancies), a weight deficit of almost one pound, a loss of 50 I.Q. points in the baby, and affective disorders programmed in the innocent fetus.

Father to Son: A Chronicle of Your Life Before Birth
Publication Date: 10/2002
Author(s): George Grider

This chronicle is what one father wrote for his son, offering a world of personal information about himself, his wife, and his culture embracing the courtship, conception, and important events of pregnancy leading to his birth in the late 1960s. The Editor sought this story in the hope it would inspire other fathers and mothers to share similar priceless information with their own offspring about their common life before birth.

Predictors of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Following Abortion in a Former Soviet Union Country
Publication Date: 10/2002
Author(s): Natalia Mufel

One hundred and fifty women who had abortions in Belarus (former Soviet republic) were interviewed regarding reproductive history, decision-making and psychological outcomes. Positive and negative responses (including PTSD, guilt, grief, depression, anxiety/panic and emotional numbness) were assessed during the interview with the Impact of Events-R Scale to objectively measure aspects of PTSD.

Psychosocial Variables Predict Complicated Birth
Publication Date: 10/2002
Author(s): Lewis E Mehl-Madrona

The purpose of this study was to assess the possible contribution of psychosocial factors to birth outcome, through prospective assessment prior to delivery. Four hundred, eighty-six consecutive pregnant women in their first or second trimester were enrolled along with their partners; interviews were conducted with the benefit of physiological monitoring and a variety of psychological measurements. Seven categories of psychosocial variables emerged with stability and reliability.

Specificity of a Mother's Attachment to Her Child Using the Attachment Inventory and Factors Related to Attachment: Longitudinal Research from Prenatal to Age Three
Publication Date: 10/2002
Author(s): Junko Tsujino

The subjects of this longitudinal study were 83 mothers, who responded to questionnaires during the following five phases of their child's life: the fetal, neonatal, and one-, two-, and three-year-old phases. Using the Prenatal and Maternal Attachment Inventory, this study highlights items related to groups of mothers with high and low attachment to their children. Attachment is related both to maternal attitudes toward the child and to her own anxiety level. Attachment difficulties are first revealed in the prenatal period.

A Prenatal Project in India
Publication Date: 05/2002
Author(s): Gajanan S Kelkar

Based on ancient Vedic concepts of prenatal education, an educational community near Bombay has been offering a program for thousands of pregnant parents and their unborn babies for 35 years. The goal of the program is to welcome the baby with good thoughts, impart good values to the fetus, improve the emotional health of parents, increase the active participation of the fathers during pregnancy, and increase the courage and confidence of mothers during labor.

Perceptions of Optimal Health after Pre/Perinatal Experiences: An Exploratory Study
Publication Date: 05/2002
Author(s): Bobbi Jo Lyman

Objective: To describe the subjective characteristics of optimal health (OH) of persons who have done pre- and perinatal psychology study and/or experiential work around early trauma. Study Design: Quantitative 20-item forced-choice questionnaires' total scores (t test) and/or a qualitative open-ended question with the results analyzed. Participants: Sixty-nine members of APPPAH. Results: Before and after ratings were significantly different (p

Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology and Medicine: New Interdisciplinary Science in the Changing World
Publication Date: 05/2002
Author(s): Peter G Fedor-Freybergh

The prenatal encounter is the beginning of the continuum of human life towards self-realization. It presents a unique opportunity for the primary prevention of psychological, emotional, and physical disorders in later life and inspires a new interdisciplinary dialogue that replaces isolation and disagreement. Prenatal science demands a new level of harmony and integration among specialties to understand the nature of all life and supports the needed renaissance of human empathic relationships and spiritual unity in ecological peace.

The Individual Life Project: A New Way of Discovering the Unborn Child's World and Potentialities
Publication Date: 05/2002
Author(s): Gino Soldera

In each individual there is a life project, which can be traced back to conception. The life project exists in the depths of a child's being, close to their essence; from there, it influences all the internal and external processes. The life project contains what a person needs to realize personal potentialities that are present from conception. The life project seldom appears clear to the parents from the beginning although unborn children send signals of their existence and their character.

The Power of Beliefs: What Babies are Teaching Us
Publication Date: 05/2002
Author(s): Wendy Anne McCarty

This paper explores the development of beliefs during the prenatal and perinatal period and how babies portray their beliefs. Four vignettes from therapeutic work with babies illustrate the powerful impact beliefs already have in shaping their lives. Basic principles to help babies shift potentially constrictive beliefs to more life enhancing ones are included. This paper is intended as a theoretical and clinical exploration leading to new thought, research and clinical direction.

The Impact of Prenatal Psychology on Society and Culture
Publication Date: 03/2002
Author(s): Ludwig Janus

As a result of the research conducted by prenatal psychology into psychological and emotional experiences before and during birth, a whole new dimension has been added to our life-history. We are now able to recognise that human cultural artefacts and activities have to some extent always expressed prenatal and perinatal feelings and by doing so have familiarised us with an alien world by allowing us to "rediscover" the microcosm of our prenatal life in the macrocosm of the world.

The Neurobiology of Attachment and Early Personality Organization
Publication Date: 03/2002
Author(s): Allan N Schore

Current advances in the developmental and neurobiological sciences are now being integrated into complex models of the development of self, and therefore personality. The human brain growth spurt, which begins in the last quarter of pregnancy and extends into the second year, overlaps the prenatal, perinatal, and postnatal periods. It also represents the early critical period for the experience-dependent maturation of the right hemisphere, which is dominant for processing socioemotional and bodily information, stress coping functions, and self-regulation.

The Sunrise As The Birth Of A Baby: The Prenatal Key to Egyptian Mythology
Publication Date: 03/2002
Author(s): Franz Renggli

In Deference to the Dutch Historian of Religion, Bruno Hugo Stricker

Nature, Nurture and Human Development
Publication Date: 12/2001
Author(s): Bruce H Lipton

The role of nature-nurture must be reconsidered in light of the Human Genome Project's surprising results. Conventional biology emphasizes that human expression is controlled by genes, and is under the influence of nature. Since 95% of the population possess "fit" genes, dysfunctions in this population are attributable to environmental influences (nurture). Nurture experiences, initiated in utero, provide for "learned perceptions." Along with genetic instincts, learned perceptions constitute the life-shaping subconscious mind.

Toward a Fluid Dance in Seamless Dress: The Field of Pre- and Perinatal Development Challenges Researchers to Integrate Scientific and Spiritual Orientations
Publication Date: 12/2001
Author(s): Marcy Axness

Under exploration is the response of humankind to mystery relative to the historically sharp distinction between scientific and spiritual ways of knowing. The evolving image of a dancer in a half-male/half-female costume serves as a metaphor for the rapport between these two basic research orientations, and for how they might be reconciled-in the interest of both research and the researcher. Findings from the highly interdisciplinary field of prenatal and perinatal development illustrate the need for an integrated approach to understanding "reality".

Ethnic Differences with Abuse during Pregnancy
Publication Date: 05/2001
Author(s): Bobbi Jo Lyman

This research examined what may be the earliest link in the chain of violence, the prenatal and perinatal developmental period, with mothers who experienced violence during their pregnancies. One hundred and sixty-eight mothers reporting abuse and their newborn infants from a sample of 1,226 women recruited in the Boston City Hospital Maternal Health Habits Project were studied.

Short and Long Term Effects on Infants and Toddlers in Full Time Daycare Centers
Publication Date: 05/2001
Author(s): Henry Brandtjen

Full-time daycare for infants and toddlers is stressful. This negative state is induced by perception of maternal rejection and abandonment, lack of an ongoing empathic dyadic relationship with the mother, and having to interact with multiple caregivers. The lack of empathic care the children are experiencing creates a growth-inhibiting environment that produces immature, physiologically undifferentiated orbital affect regulatory systems and parcellation of corticolimbic circuitries.

Effects of the Firstart Method of Prenatal Stimulation on Psychomotor Development: From Six to Twelve Months
Publication Date: 03/2001
Author(s): M J Lafuente

1ABSTRACT of the first paper: Effects of the Firstart Method of Prenatal Stimulation on Psychomotor Development: The First Six Months, explored the effectiveness of the Firstart prenatal stimulation method applied to a sample of maternity patients at University Hospital "La Fe" in Valencia, Spain. Both groups of women, (71 control and 101 experimental) were enrolled in the birth preparation class provided at the hospital. Chi-Squared statistical tests indicated that both groups were comparable in a number of variables.

Hold Me! The Importance of Physical Contact with Infants
Publication Date: 03/2001
Author(s): Aletha Solter

This paper addresses the beneficial psychological and physiological effects of touching, carrying, and holding infants. Through an overview of research, scientific evidence is provided that substantiates the importance of close physical contact in each of the three major states of consciousness: awake, asleep, and crying. A historical and cross-cultural perspective is also included. Implications and recommendations are made for child rearing by modern parents in industrialized nations.

Toning in Pregnancy and Labor
Publication Date: 03/2001
Author(s): Beverly Pierce

Though many birth classes teach breathing techniques intended to be performed silently, women often cope with the energy, sensation and effort of labor by vocalizing. This normal response to labor can be explored and understood in pregnancy through a practice of toning, i.e., voicing the exhalation of breath on a single pitch, using a vowel sound or a hum. Women and men, primarily in the author's childbirth education classes, were taught the practice of toning.

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