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Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology and Medicine: New Interdisciplinary Science in the Changing World
Publication Date: 05/2002
Author(s): Peter G Fedor-Freybergh

The prenatal encounter is the beginning of the continuum of human life towards self-realization. It presents a unique opportunity for the primary prevention of psychological, emotional, and physical disorders in later life and inspires a new interdisciplinary dialogue that replaces isolation and disagreement. Prenatal science demands a new level of harmony and integration among specialties to understand the nature of all life and supports the needed renaissance of human empathic relationships and spiritual unity in ecological peace.

The Individual Life Project: A New Way of Discovering the Unborn Child's World and Potentialities
Publication Date: 05/2002
Author(s): Gino Soldera

In each individual there is a life project, which can be traced back to conception. The life project exists in the depths of a child's being, close to their essence; from there, it influences all the internal and external processes. The life project contains what a person needs to realize personal potentialities that are present from conception. The life project seldom appears clear to the parents from the beginning although unborn children send signals of their existence and their character.

The Power of Beliefs: What Babies are Teaching Us
Publication Date: 05/2002
Author(s): Wendy Anne McCarty

This paper explores the development of beliefs during the prenatal and perinatal period and how babies portray their beliefs. Four vignettes from therapeutic work with babies illustrate the powerful impact beliefs already have in shaping their lives. Basic principles to help babies shift potentially constrictive beliefs to more life enhancing ones are included. This paper is intended as a theoretical and clinical exploration leading to new thought, research and clinical direction.

The Impact of Prenatal Psychology on Society and Culture
Publication Date: 03/2002
Author(s): Ludwig Janus

As a result of the research conducted by prenatal psychology into psychological and emotional experiences before and during birth, a whole new dimension has been added to our life-history. We are now able to recognise that human cultural artefacts and activities have to some extent always expressed prenatal and perinatal feelings and by doing so have familiarised us with an alien world by allowing us to "rediscover" the microcosm of our prenatal life in the macrocosm of the world.

The Neurobiology of Attachment and Early Personality Organization
Publication Date: 03/2002
Author(s): Allan N Schore

Current advances in the developmental and neurobiological sciences are now being integrated into complex models of the development of self, and therefore personality. The human brain growth spurt, which begins in the last quarter of pregnancy and extends into the second year, overlaps the prenatal, perinatal, and postnatal periods. It also represents the early critical period for the experience-dependent maturation of the right hemisphere, which is dominant for processing socioemotional and bodily information, stress coping functions, and self-regulation.

The Sunrise As The Birth Of A Baby: The Prenatal Key to Egyptian Mythology
Publication Date: 03/2002
Author(s): Franz Renggli

In Deference to the Dutch Historian of Religion, Bruno Hugo Stricker

Nature, Nurture and Human Development
Publication Date: 12/2001
Author(s): Bruce H Lipton

The role of nature-nurture must be reconsidered in light of the Human Genome Project's surprising results. Conventional biology emphasizes that human expression is controlled by genes, and is under the influence of nature. Since 95% of the population possess "fit" genes, dysfunctions in this population are attributable to environmental influences (nurture). Nurture experiences, initiated in utero, provide for "learned perceptions." Along with genetic instincts, learned perceptions constitute the life-shaping subconscious mind.

Toward a Fluid Dance in Seamless Dress: The Field of Pre- and Perinatal Development Challenges Researchers to Integrate Scientific and Spiritual Orientations
Publication Date: 12/2001
Author(s): Marcy Axness

Under exploration is the response of humankind to mystery relative to the historically sharp distinction between scientific and spiritual ways of knowing. The evolving image of a dancer in a half-male/half-female costume serves as a metaphor for the rapport between these two basic research orientations, and for how they might be reconciled-in the interest of both research and the researcher. Findings from the highly interdisciplinary field of prenatal and perinatal development illustrate the need for an integrated approach to understanding "reality".

Ethnic Differences with Abuse during Pregnancy
Publication Date: 05/2001
Author(s): Bobbi Jo Lyman

This research examined what may be the earliest link in the chain of violence, the prenatal and perinatal developmental period, with mothers who experienced violence during their pregnancies. One hundred and sixty-eight mothers reporting abuse and their newborn infants from a sample of 1,226 women recruited in the Boston City Hospital Maternal Health Habits Project were studied.

Short and Long Term Effects on Infants and Toddlers in Full Time Daycare Centers
Publication Date: 05/2001
Author(s): Henry Brandtjen

Full-time daycare for infants and toddlers is stressful. This negative state is induced by perception of maternal rejection and abandonment, lack of an ongoing empathic dyadic relationship with the mother, and having to interact with multiple caregivers. The lack of empathic care the children are experiencing creates a growth-inhibiting environment that produces immature, physiologically undifferentiated orbital affect regulatory systems and parcellation of corticolimbic circuitries.

Effects of the Firstart Method of Prenatal Stimulation on Psychomotor Development: From Six to Twelve Months
Publication Date: 03/2001
Author(s): M J Lafuente

1ABSTRACT of the first paper: Effects of the Firstart Method of Prenatal Stimulation on Psychomotor Development: The First Six Months, explored the effectiveness of the Firstart prenatal stimulation method applied to a sample of maternity patients at University Hospital "La Fe" in Valencia, Spain. Both groups of women, (71 control and 101 experimental) were enrolled in the birth preparation class provided at the hospital. Chi-Squared statistical tests indicated that both groups were comparable in a number of variables.

Hold Me! The Importance of Physical Contact with Infants
Publication Date: 03/2001
Author(s): Aletha Solter

This paper addresses the beneficial psychological and physiological effects of touching, carrying, and holding infants. Through an overview of research, scientific evidence is provided that substantiates the importance of close physical contact in each of the three major states of consciousness: awake, asleep, and crying. A historical and cross-cultural perspective is also included. Implications and recommendations are made for child rearing by modern parents in industrialized nations.

Toning in Pregnancy and Labor
Publication Date: 03/2001
Author(s): Beverly Pierce

Though many birth classes teach breathing techniques intended to be performed silently, women often cope with the energy, sensation and effort of labor by vocalizing. This normal response to labor can be explored and understood in pregnancy through a practice of toning, i.e., voicing the exhalation of breath on a single pitch, using a vowel sound or a hum. Women and men, primarily in the author's childbirth education classes, were taught the practice of toning.

Treating Cesarean Birth Trauma During Infancy and Childhood
Publication Date: 03/2001
Author(s): William R Emerson

Twenty years of clinical and behavioral observation indicate that cesarean births cause considerable trauma to babies. The physical and psychological effects are subtle and powerful, occurring at the unconscious level of the infant psyche. Negative impact includes excessive crying, feeding difficulties, sleeping difficulties, colic, and tactile defensiveness. There also may be long-term psychological effects such as rescue complexes, inferiority complexes, poor self-esteem, and other dysfunctional behaviors and feelings.

Does Maternal-Infant Bonding Therapy Improve Breathing in Asthmatic Children?
Publication Date: 12/2000
Author(s): Antonio Madrid

Six mothers of asthmatic children with histories of non-bonding were treated with a therapy aimed at repairing the bond between them and their children. Four of the children were then briefly treated to repair the bond and two infants were not treated. Eighteen variables were studied before treatment, after the mother's treatment, and after the child's treatment. There was improvement in all 18 variables. Five children experienced complete or nearly total improvement in their breathing. The two infants had total remission of symptoms.

Fetal Awareness of Maternal Emotional States During Pregnancy
Publication Date: 12/2000
Author(s): John T Ham Jr

Contemporary research indicates that the mother's emotional state and that of her unborn child are far more closely related before birth than was thought to be the case only a few years ago. The purpose of this study was to explore possible correlations existing between the primary emotional states of birthmothers during their pregnancies and the subsequent awareness of these emotional states of birthmothers by their offspring. To achieve this goal, 12 pairs of mothers (ages 44 to 85) and their offspring (ages 9 to 61) were hypnotically age regressed to the time of the pregnancy.

Healing Through Prenatal and Perinatal Memory Recall: A Phenomenological Investigation
Publication Date: 12/2000
Author(s): Anne Marquez

This qualitative study focuses on the experience of healing through prenatal and perinatal recall. Interviews were conducted with seven adults who variously attested to having healed conditions of: syncope, phobias, arthritis, asthma, migraines, depression, suicidality, obsessive-compulsion, side pain, and dysfunctional interpersonal patterns. Intentions were to: (a) illuminate the experience, (b) examine the benefits and drawbacks, and (c) underscore the impact of obstetric intervention.

Abortion Survivors At Columbine
Publication Date: 10/2000
Author(s): John C Sonne

This paper is a comprehensive analysis of the two adolescent perpetrators of the 1999 massacre at Columbine High School. Using psychoanalytic, family systems, and prenatal psychology resources, the author explores various theories advanced to explain their behavior and offers the new observation that the boys match the clinical profile of abortion survivors.

Obstetric Care and Proneness of Offspring to Suicide as Adults: A Case-Control Study
Publication Date: 10/2000
Author(s): Bertil Jacobson

For decades, millions of mothers have been subjected to new obstetric procedures, but with little knowledge of the long term effects from such interventions. Such procedures might, however, be of importance for the infant's behavior as an adult. Jacobson and Bygdeman found that a traumatic birth was associated with an increased risk of the infant subsequently committing suicide by violent means, whereas giving opiates to the mother during labor seemed to reduce the risk.

Primal Integration Therapy-School of Lake Dr Frank Lake MB, MRC Psych, DPM-(1914-1982)*
Publication Date: 03/2000
Author(s): Simon H House

Already a British medical missionary and parasitologist, Lake trained in psychiatry. He used LSD from 1954 to 1969, but turned to deep breathing and other approaches. Following pioneers in psychotherapy he facilitated deep regression. By recognizing the original context of a primal memory patients re-integrated the separate memory systems. Lake scientifically defended the feasibility that cell memory could antedate brain memory. Some of his insights into maternal-fetal effects have been corroborated in sociology, criminology, obstetrics and biochemistry.

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