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Ethnic Differences with Abuse during Pregnancy
Publication Date: 05/2001
Author(s): Bobbi Jo Lyman

This research examined what may be the earliest link in the chain of violence, the prenatal and perinatal developmental period, with mothers who experienced violence during their pregnancies. One hundred and sixty-eight mothers reporting abuse and their newborn infants from a sample of 1,226 women recruited in the Boston City Hospital Maternal Health Habits Project were studied.

Short and Long Term Effects on Infants and Toddlers in Full Time Daycare Centers
Publication Date: 05/2001
Author(s): Henry Brandtjen

Full-time daycare for infants and toddlers is stressful. This negative state is induced by perception of maternal rejection and abandonment, lack of an ongoing empathic dyadic relationship with the mother, and having to interact with multiple caregivers. The lack of empathic care the children are experiencing creates a growth-inhibiting environment that produces immature, physiologically undifferentiated orbital affect regulatory systems and parcellation of corticolimbic circuitries.

Effects of the Firstart Method of Prenatal Stimulation on Psychomotor Development: From Six to Twelve Months
Publication Date: 03/2001
Author(s): M J Lafuente

1ABSTRACT of the first paper: Effects of the Firstart Method of Prenatal Stimulation on Psychomotor Development: The First Six Months, explored the effectiveness of the Firstart prenatal stimulation method applied to a sample of maternity patients at University Hospital "La Fe" in Valencia, Spain. Both groups of women, (71 control and 101 experimental) were enrolled in the birth preparation class provided at the hospital. Chi-Squared statistical tests indicated that both groups were comparable in a number of variables.

Hold Me! The Importance of Physical Contact with Infants
Publication Date: 03/2001
Author(s): Aletha Solter

This paper addresses the beneficial psychological and physiological effects of touching, carrying, and holding infants. Through an overview of research, scientific evidence is provided that substantiates the importance of close physical contact in each of the three major states of consciousness: awake, asleep, and crying. A historical and cross-cultural perspective is also included. Implications and recommendations are made for child rearing by modern parents in industrialized nations.

Toning in Pregnancy and Labor
Publication Date: 03/2001
Author(s): Beverly Pierce

Though many birth classes teach breathing techniques intended to be performed silently, women often cope with the energy, sensation and effort of labor by vocalizing. This normal response to labor can be explored and understood in pregnancy through a practice of toning, i.e., voicing the exhalation of breath on a single pitch, using a vowel sound or a hum. Women and men, primarily in the author's childbirth education classes, were taught the practice of toning.

Treating Cesarean Birth Trauma During Infancy and Childhood
Publication Date: 03/2001
Author(s): William R Emerson

Twenty years of clinical and behavioral observation indicate that cesarean births cause considerable trauma to babies. The physical and psychological effects are subtle and powerful, occurring at the unconscious level of the infant psyche. Negative impact includes excessive crying, feeding difficulties, sleeping difficulties, colic, and tactile defensiveness. There also may be long-term psychological effects such as rescue complexes, inferiority complexes, poor self-esteem, and other dysfunctional behaviors and feelings.

Does Maternal-Infant Bonding Therapy Improve Breathing in Asthmatic Children?
Publication Date: 12/2000
Author(s): Antonio Madrid

Six mothers of asthmatic children with histories of non-bonding were treated with a therapy aimed at repairing the bond between them and their children. Four of the children were then briefly treated to repair the bond and two infants were not treated. Eighteen variables were studied before treatment, after the mother's treatment, and after the child's treatment. There was improvement in all 18 variables. Five children experienced complete or nearly total improvement in their breathing. The two infants had total remission of symptoms.

Fetal Awareness of Maternal Emotional States During Pregnancy
Publication Date: 12/2000
Author(s): John T Ham Jr

Contemporary research indicates that the mother's emotional state and that of her unborn child are far more closely related before birth than was thought to be the case only a few years ago. The purpose of this study was to explore possible correlations existing between the primary emotional states of birthmothers during their pregnancies and the subsequent awareness of these emotional states of birthmothers by their offspring. To achieve this goal, 12 pairs of mothers (ages 44 to 85) and their offspring (ages 9 to 61) were hypnotically age regressed to the time of the pregnancy.

Healing Through Prenatal and Perinatal Memory Recall: A Phenomenological Investigation
Publication Date: 12/2000
Author(s): Anne Marquez

This qualitative study focuses on the experience of healing through prenatal and perinatal recall. Interviews were conducted with seven adults who variously attested to having healed conditions of: syncope, phobias, arthritis, asthma, migraines, depression, suicidality, obsessive-compulsion, side pain, and dysfunctional interpersonal patterns. Intentions were to: (a) illuminate the experience, (b) examine the benefits and drawbacks, and (c) underscore the impact of obstetric intervention.

Abortion Survivors At Columbine
Publication Date: 10/2000
Author(s): John C Sonne

This paper is a comprehensive analysis of the two adolescent perpetrators of the 1999 massacre at Columbine High School. Using psychoanalytic, family systems, and prenatal psychology resources, the author explores various theories advanced to explain their behavior and offers the new observation that the boys match the clinical profile of abortion survivors.

Obstetric Care and Proneness of Offspring to Suicide as Adults: A Case-Control Study
Publication Date: 10/2000
Author(s): Bertil Jacobson

For decades, millions of mothers have been subjected to new obstetric procedures, but with little knowledge of the long term effects from such interventions. Such procedures might, however, be of importance for the infant's behavior as an adult. Jacobson and Bygdeman found that a traumatic birth was associated with an increased risk of the infant subsequently committing suicide by violent means, whereas giving opiates to the mother during labor seemed to reduce the risk.

Primal Integration Therapy-School of Lake Dr Frank Lake MB, MRC Psych, DPM-(1914-1982)*
Publication Date: 03/2000
Author(s): Simon H House

Already a British medical missionary and parasitologist, Lake trained in psychiatry. He used LSD from 1954 to 1969, but turned to deep breathing and other approaches. Following pioneers in psychotherapy he facilitated deep regression. By recognizing the original context of a primal memory patients re-integrated the separate memory systems. Lake scientifically defended the feasibility that cell memory could antedate brain memory. Some of his insights into maternal-fetal effects have been corroborated in sociology, criminology, obstetrics and biochemistry.

Psychosocial Prenatal Intervention to Reduce Alcohol, Smoking and Stress and Improve Birth Outcome among Minority Women1
Publication Date: 03/2000
Author(s): Lewis E Mehl-Madrona

Background: Culturally sensitive intervention programs are needed to help Native American and Hispanic populations reduce alcohol, drug and tobacco use during pregnancy. Reduction of the adverse impact of psychosocial stress, increase of social support, and adequate preparation for labor and birth is also desirable.

The Genius Within Us: Psychospiritual Guidance during Prenatal and Perinatal Development and its Connection to Human Potential After Birth1
Publication Date: 03/2000
Author(s): Thomas Armstrong

This paper examines the cross-cultural appearance of myths, stories, customs, and legends that refer to images of protection and guardianship of a fetus before, during, and after birth. Included in this discussion are the Jewish angel Lailah, the Christian guardian angel, the Greek daimon, the Roman genius, the Chinese goddess Kuan-yin, the Mauri goddess Hine-Titama, the Egyptian god Bes, as well as a look at indigenous peoples' mythologies that appoint guardianship status to trees, land, animals, and inanimate objects.

The Influence of Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone on Human Fetal Development and Parturition
Publication Date: 03/2000
Author(s): Laura M Glynn

Hypothalamic corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) is a neuropeptide that has a central role in responses to stress. During pregnancy, CRH also is synthesized by the placenta. This paper focuses on the effects of placental CRH on two outcomes: timing of onset of parturition and fetal development. It appears that premature elevation of placental CRH during pregnancy may contribute to shorter gestational lengths. Also, CRH may affect fetal development.

Toward a Scientific Approach to Prenatal Psychology: From Twilight to Dialog1
Publication Date: 03/2000
Author(s): Sepp Schindler

The history of child psychology developed around the question of how far, and in what way children are different from adults and different from children in later stages of life. This presented problems for prenatal psychology. The author follows the evolution of thought about prenatal life from Sigmund Freud, Sandor Ferenczi, Otto Rank and Gustav Hans Graber, the founder and first president of the International Studysociety in Prenatal Psychology (ISPP).

Babies are not What We Thought: Call for a New Paradigm
Publication Date: 10/1999
Author(s): David B Chamberlain

Babies are not what we thought they were in the 19th century or even twenty five years ago. Abundant new findings from experimental research, psychotherapy, and anecdotal reports have rendered traditional views of human development obsolete, yet many obstetricians and psychologists continue to view babies in 19th century terms. The author summarizes this view and its failings and assembles the evidence for a new paradigm that babies, of whatever age, are aware, expressive, and affected by their interactions with others.

Babies Don't Feel Pain: A Century of Denial in Medicine
Publication Date: 10/1999
Author(s): David B Chamberlain

During the 20th century when medicine rose to dominate childbirth in the United States, it brought with it a denial of infant pain based on ancient prejudices and scientific dogmas no longer supportable. The painful collision of babies with doctors is seen in neonatal intensive care, infant surgery without anesthesia, painful obstetric routines, and genital mutilation of newborn males. This presentation includes a historical review of experiments on infant reactions to pain, the persistence of medical practices causing pain, and speculation about the reasons for professional indifference.

Foundations of Sex, Love and Relationships: From Conception to Birth
Publication Date: 10/1999
Author(s): David B Chamberlain

The nine-month period from conception to birth, previously hidden and mysterious, is increasingly illuminated by the technology of science. Signs of intelligent behavior early in gestation cast new light on traditional ideas about the brain, learning, memory, self, and the primal origins of relationships. In the womb, relationships are everything; mother and child are progressively linked by physical senses, the aura of emotion, and their mutual perceptions of outside events. Their relationship is carried forward to birth, when babies learn much more about people and life.

Life in the Womb: Dangers and Opportunities
Publication Date: 10/1999
Author(s): David B Chamberlain

As scientific knowledge of life before birth continues to increase, the prenate is revealed to be more sensitive and capable than we ever thought possible, opening up new opportunities for growth and ideal communications between babies and their mothers and fathers. Working against this force for good, the world environment becomes ever more toxic and invasive bringing hazards directly into the womb. A mother's own stresses and emotions constitute yet another environmental hazard. At stake is the future health of individual persons, the stability of families, and the peace of society.

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