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Pre- and Postnatal Repercussions of Handicapping Conditions upon the Narcissistic Line of Development
Publication Date: 03/1993
Author(s): K Mark Sossin

In this paper, I examine narcissistic difficulties experienced by the handicapped youngster, especially to the extent that they are anchored in pre-, peri- and early post-natal experiences that were cast in the molds of parental narcissistic vulnerability and of impediments to the infantile attainment of a core sense of self. Considerations pertain to relatively generalizable consequences of infant handicap, encompassing the potential effects upon narcissism of a broad range of developmental disabilities.

The Effect of Lovemaking on the Progress of Labor
Publication Date: 03/1993
Author(s): Marilyn A Moran

Many commentators have remarked that birth is a sexual experience, namely Niles Newton, Ph.D., Lewis E. Mehl, M.D., Michel Odent, M.D., N. Kalichman, M.D., Thomas Verny, M.D. and others. Thousands of young couples, too, have made the same discovery and have used their innate, sexual endowments during the conjugal act of birth in the dimly-lit seclusion of their bedrooms with delight and distinction.

The Role of the Mother's Own Experience of Being Born in Giving Birth
Publication Date: 03/1993
Author(s): Lewis E Mehl

This paper presents the hypothesis that the woman's own experience of being born has an impact on how she will give birth. This impact is proposed to occur primarily through the birth story as symbol for a socialization process, in which the woman learns how to view her body and Nature and how to react to the sensations of labor. The more anxiously she reacts, the more likely that her body will hold "physiological expectations" of fear that will work against the process of birth.

Obstetrical Procedures: A Critical Examination of Their Effect on Pregnant Women and Their Unborn and Newborn Children
Publication Date: 12/1992
Author(s): Thomas R Verny

Medical and social attitudes and practices as they pertain to pregnant women and their unborn and newborn children are examined applying the scientific, the sociological, the psychosomatic and the pre- and peri-natal psychology perspectives. The case is made that hi-tech tests and obstetrical procedures adversely affect the pregnant woman and her baby. Medical interventions tend to be dehumanizing, disempowering and sometimes harmful.

A Theory of the Psychophysiological Consequences of Umbilical Cord Manipulation by the Fetus
Publication Date: 10/1992
Author(s): Mary F Straub

Imaging techniques have permitted us to observe the prenatal environment, and the human fetus has been caught in the act of grasping its umbilical cord. One aspect of what I had much earlier envisioned was thus confirmed. Yet to be confirmed is that the fetus, by that activity, takes a hand in its own creation. Fetal cord manipulation, or hand-umbilical contact, can be equated to self-stimulation. This act fortuitously initiates a primitive emotional conditioning and complements some phases of physical gestational development.

Physiological Effects of Neonatal Management
Publication Date: 10/1992
Author(s): Kelduyn R Garland

ABSTRACT: The resurgence of interest in the interrelationship and interdependence between the physiological and psychological aspects of being human (i.e. in wholistic health) and concern regarding attachment issues and dynamics also questions and bespeaks both of the quality of care given to newborns and the impact this care has on their ability to develop healthy attachments and personalities.

Pre- and Peri-Natal Anthropology II: The Puerperium in Cross-Cultural Perspective
Publication Date: 10/1992
Author(s): Charles D Laughlin

ABSTRACT: Modern pre- and perinatal psychology recognizes that the period of life immediately after birth is a significant one for the future development of the human being. This paper surveys the many ways that cultures around the world interpret the puerperium, and the ways they treat the mother and infant and structure mother-infant interaction during this vulnerable period.

The Shamanic Dimensions of Childbirth
Publication Date: 10/1992
Author(s): Jeannine Parvati Baker

There is a growing awareness of the value of "irrational" or psychospiritual aspects of childbirth. Western psychotherapists and midwives are learning to take advantage of an openness to these aspects. These aspects are essential to shamanic healing worldwide. Shamanic tradition is explored and its advantages for pregnancy and childbirth are discussed. Healing practices among the Navajo, especially the Monsterway, are described.

Attachment or Loss Within Marriage: The Effect of the Medical Model of Birthing on the Marital Bond of Love
Publication Date: 05/1992
Author(s): Marilyn A Moran

ABSTRACT:This paper compares marriages of couples who gave birth at home in a private, loving, intimate way with a group who delivered in the hospital using the customary medical model of birth. Significant differences were found between the two groups at 4- and 12-months postpartum regarding the quality of the love relationship. The do-it-yourself homebirthers revealed far more compatibility in their marriages than did their hospital-delivered counterparts.

Women's Birth Experience and Subsequent Infant Motor Development
Publication Date: 05/1992
Author(s): Lewis E Mehl-Madrona

ABSTRACT: Fifty-four (54) middle-income couples were followed from 6 months of pregnancy until 6 months postpartum. The couples' attitudes were assessed prenatally, observations were made at delivery along with an interview after delivery to assess the emotional quality of the couple's birth experience, and follow-up interviews and observations were made at 6 week intervals until 6 months postpartum to determine level of attachment to the infant. The motor development items of the Bay ley Scales of Infant Development were administered twice to each infant.

Clinical Implications for Behavioral Assessment of Sleep/Wake States in Neonates: Augmenting Medical Diagnostic Evaluations
Publication Date: 03/1992
Author(s): Darlene T DeSantis

ABSTRACT: The use of behaviorally defined sleep and wake states for detecting or predicting abnormal development in high risk newborn infants is addressed. One case of a relatively low risk 32-week gestation infant is used to illustrate that immediate subjective impressions by a trained observer may reveal information useful to the medical staff without having to wait for the lengthy computer analyses usually performed with this assessment technique.

Is There Intelligence Before Birth?
Publication Date: 03/1992
Author(s): David B Chamberlain

The concept of intelligence embodied in I.Q. tests seventy five years ago is now being radically redefined in psychology. New approaches formulated by Robert Sternberg (1988) and Howard Gardner (1983) are many-dimensional, behavioral, and closely related to everyday living. In this presentation experimental, clinical, and anecdotal evidence about life before birth is marshalled to meet the proposed criteria of intelligence. Six specific implications and conclusions are drawn.

Are Telepathy, Clairvoyance and "Hearing" Possible in Utero? Suggestive Evidence as Revealed During Hypnotic Age-Regression Studies of Prenatal Memory
Publication Date: 01/1992
Author(s): David B Cheek

ABSTRACT: Evidence supplied through age-regression studies of adults based on a combination of ideomotor techniques and hypnosis suggests that telepathy, clairvoyance and some form of hearing are perceptions available to the human fetus from the emotional moment its mother knows she is pregnant onward. Fetal interpretation of maternal communications may be mistaken as rejection. Telepathic commands between mother and immature young probably have survival value for lower mammals. The mechanism for silent warning and absolute obedience needs completion before birth.

Pre- and Perinatal Experiences and Personality: A Retrospective Analysis
Publication Date: 01/1992
Author(s): Robyn L Irving-Neto

ABSTRACT: Two thousand, one hundred and sixteen subjects from a variety of backgrounds and places of origin responded to a questionnaire concerning their pre-and perinatal experiences and their present personality. Of particular interest were potential relationships between present personality and maternal drug use during pregnancy and labour, maternal stress during pregnancy, birth type, and physical placement immediately after birth. Responses were analyzed using non-parametric chi-square tests, t-tests, and point biserial correlations.

The Parenting Process in the Prenatal Period: A Developmental Theory
Publication Date: 01/1992
Author(s): Joann M O'Leary

ABSTRACT: It has long been accepted that there is a developmental process women progress through during pregnancy as they take on the parenting role. This paper develops a theory of the unborn baby's role during the prenatal period as an active instigator in this parenting role. Referring to the work of Arnold Gesell and adapting it to the prenatal period, the author theorizes that the unborn baby's growth and development drives the developmental process of the parenting role prenatally.

A Comparison of Emotional State and Support in Women at High and Low Risk for Preterm Birth, with Diabetes in Pregnancy, and in Non-Pregnant Professional Women
Publication Date: 12/1991
Author(s): Mary Lou Moore

The authors examine psychosocial factors involved in producing pregnancy complications. An initial descriptive study of the development of psychosocial profiles of three groups of pregnant women (high and low risk for preterm birth and with diabetes mellitus) using seven instruments is presented. The study suggests that economic status may be as important as medical risk as a source of distress among pregnant women.

Birth Trauma and Suicide: A Study of the Relationship Between Near-Death Experiences at Birth and Later Suicidal Behavior
Publication Date: 12/1991
Author(s): Jude Roedding

The relationship between birth trauma and suicide is discussed. A critique of psychoanalytic theory is presented. A number of studies linking suicide to birth trauma are surveyed. A synthetic theory of this relationship is described and the positive role of therapy in resolving birth trauma-related conflict is explored.

Effect of Receiving Genetic Counseling On Pre-Event Anxiety in Genetic Amniocentesis Patients
Publication Date: 12/1991
Author(s): Jo Ann B Ruiz-Bueno

Data were obtained as part of a larger experimental study of 48 genetic amniocentesis patients, ages 21 to 40. Information about genetic counseling was obtained through the demographic data questionnaire. State anxiety was measured before the procedure. Pre-event anxiety scores of women who had received genetic counseling before the day of the procedure were compared with those who had not received counseling before their appointment day.

Maternal Psychological Characteristics and Intrauterine Growth Retardation
Publication Date: 12/1991
Author(s): Robert L Goldenberg

Scores on six psychosocial questionnaires were compared to the risk of delivering an IUGR infant. In the second trimester, scales for stress, anxiety, social support, mastery, self esteem, and depression were prospectively administered to 1500 indigent women. In univariate analyses, significant relationships were found between IUGR and a poor score for mastery, stress, anxiety and self-esteem. The results were additive in that the more poor the scores, the higher the rate of IUGR.

Prenatal Stress and Handedness Among Offspring
Publication Date: 12/1991
Author(s): Lee Ellis

Stressful experiences recalled by 270 mothers beginning a year prior to pregnancy through to the end of pregnancy were compared for right, left, and mixed handed offspring of both sexes. For the male offspring, mothers of left handers recalled significantly more severe stress throughout pregnancy than mothers of either right or mixed handers. For the female offspring, no significant differences were found.