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Publication Date: 
May, 2004
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Growing research interest in the connections between early experience and developmental outcome-in combination with technological innovations that have made possible measurement of mental process in a way never before possible-have wiped out the last vestiges of dichotomous (mind-body) thinking, and have opened the way to new understandings about how we become the people we become. This paper summarizes some aspects of the new research in developmental neurobiology, and suggests implications for understanding the behavior of both children and adults. In particular, it is suggested that most behavior-including behavior that typically warrants a diagnosis-often turns out to be strikingly adaptive, often evidences resilience, and is, therefore worthy of respect.

KEY WORDS: adaptation, resilience, neurodevelopment, neurobiology, memory.


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Michael Trout is Director of the Infant-Parent Institute 328 North Neil - Champaign, Il 61820, Editor of the APPPAH Newsletter, and a member of the APPPAH Board of Directors. He can be reached via e-mail at mtrout@infant-parent.com.

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