Warning messageThis content is filtered. APPPAH membership is required for full access to journal articles.
This theoretical dissertation considered the biological and psychologicalimportance of the dance between mother and infant from conception through the bonding period. It proposed a unifying dance metaphor of pre- and perinatal motherinfant alchemical dance to provide a psychological term describing their first organizing co-creative dynamics. The process of alchemical dance is postulated to be Nature?s blueprint for the initial creational unfolding of human development. The function of this dance patterning was to create new life, organize infant embodiment, enhance mother-infant unity, and infuse a sense of belonging in relationship. There are different characteristics between prenatal and perinatal dance. The theoretical construct was based on multidisciplinary scientific theories, joined with ancient philosophies, gathered from quantum physics, psychoanalytic theory, developmental psychological theory, prenatal and perinatal psychology and infant programming, biology and affective neuroscience, and from knowledge of the divine feminine, ancient dance, and alchemy. The use of metaphor was the primary methodology. The dissertation advanced a theoretical framework for prenatal and perinatal psychology. Implications placed new value on creating educational programs for conscious parenting during the pre and perinatal period, based on the principles of alchemical dance.
Alchemy electronic dictionary. (2006). Retrieved October 12, 2006 from http://www.alchemylab.com/dictionary.html.
Ainsworth, M. D. S. (1967). Infancy in Uganda: Infant care and the growth of love. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Arrien, A. (2000). Nine muses: A mythological path to creativity. New York: Jeremy Tarcher/Putnam.
Bainbridge, D. R. (2000). Making babies: The science of pregnancy. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Beebe, B. (2000). Co-constructing mother-infant distress. Psychoanalytic Inquiry, 20, 421-440.
Beebe, B. (2003). Brief mother-infant treatment: Psychoanalytically informed video feedback. Infant Mental Health Journal, 24(1), 24-52.
Beebe, B., Lachmann, F. & Jaffe, J. (1997). Mother-infant interaction structures and presymbolic self-and object representations. Psychoanalytic Dialogues, 2, 133-182.
Beebe, B. & Lachmann, F. (2002). Infant research and adult treatment: Co-constructing interactions. Hillsdale, NJ: Analytic Press.
Bohm, D. (1950). Quantum theory. New York: Dover Publications.
Bohm, D. (1980). Wholeness and the implicate order. London: Routlege & Kegan Paul.
Bohm, D. & Peat, F. D. (1987). Science, order and creativity. New York: Bantom Books.
Bohm, D. & Nichol, L. (1996). On dialogue. London: Routledge.
Bowlby, J. (1951). Maternal care and mental health. Monograph series 2, Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization.
Bowlby, J. (1969/1982). Attachment: Vol. 1. New York: Basic Books.
Bowlby, J. (1973). Attachment and loss: Vol. 2. Separation: anxiety and anger. New York: Basic Books.
Bowlby, J. (1979). The making and breaking of affectional bonds. New York: Routledge.
Bowlby, J. (1980). Attachment and loss: Vol. 3. Loss. New York: Basic Books.
Bowlby, J. (1988). A secure base: Parent-child attachment and healthy human development. New York: Basic Books.
Brown, A. S., Van Os, J., Driessens, C., Hoek, H.L., & Susser, E. S. (2000). Further evidence of relations between prenatal famine and major affective disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry. 15(7), 2.
Capra, F. (1975). The too of physics. Boston: Shambhala Publications, Inc.
Capra, F. (1997). The web of life: A new scientific understanding of living systems. New York: Anchor Books.
Capra, F. (2001). Shiva's cosmic dance at CERN. Retrieved March 3, 2005 from http://www.fritjofcapra.net/shiva.html.
Capra, F. (2002). The hidden connections: Integrating the biological, cognitive and social dimensions of life into a science ofsustainability. New York: Doubleday.
Castellino, R. (1995). The polarity therapy paradigm regarding pre-conception, prenatal and birth imprinting. (Available from BEBA: Building and Enhancing Bonding and Attachment, 1105 N. Ontare, Santa Barbara, CA 93105)
Castellino, R. (1996). Being with newborns: An introduction to somatotrophic therapyAttention to the newborn; Healing betrayal, new hope for the prevention of violence. (Available from BEBA: Building and Enhancing Bonding and Attachment, 1105 N. Ontare, Santa Barbara, CA 93105)
Castellino, R. (2000). The stress matrix: Implications for prenatal and birth therapy. Journal of Prenatal & Perinatal Psychology and Health. 15, 1.
Cavalli, T. F. (2002). Alchemical psychology: Old recipes for living in a new world. New York: Jeremy P. Tarcher Putnum.
Chamberlain, D. B. (1986). Reliability of birth memory: Observations from mother and child pairs in hypnosis. Journal of the American Academy of Medical Hypnoanalysis, 1(2), 89-98.
Chamberlain, D. B. (1987). The cognitive newborn: A scientific update. British Journal of Psychotherapy, 4(1), 30-71.
Chamberlain, D. B. (1988). The significance of birth memories. Pre-& Perinatal Psychology Journal, 2(4), 136-154.
Chamberlain, D. B. (1989). Babies remember birth: And other extraordinary scientific discoveries about the mind. New York: Ballantine Books.
Chamberlain, D. B. (1992). Babies are not what we thought: Call for a new paradigm. International Journal of Prenatal and Perinatal Studies, 4 (3/4), 161-177.
Chamberlain, D. B. (1997). Prenatal body language: A new perspective on ourselves. Primal Renaissance: The Journal of Primal Psychology, 14 (1-2) 169-186.
Chamberlain, D. B. (1998). The mind of your newborn baby. Berkeley, CA: North Atlantic Books.
Chamberlain, D. B. (1999). The significance of birth memories. Journal of Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology and Health, 14(1-2), 65-83.
Chodorow, J. (1991). Dance therapy & depth psychology: The moving imagination. New York. Routledge, Chapman and Hall, Inc.
Christ, P. & Plaskow, J. (1979). Womenspirit rising: A feminist reader in religion. San Francisco: Harper & Row.
De Pascalis, A. (1995). Alchemy the golden art: The secrets of the oldest enigma. Rome: Gremese International.
Del Re, G. (2000). The cosmic dance: Science discovers the mysterious harmony of the universe. Philadelphia, PA: Templeton Foundation Press.
Egle Engler, B. (1975). Growth through movement related to emotional health. Unpublished master's thesis, University of California at Los Angeles, LA, CA.
Eliot, T. S. (1943). Four Quartets. Orlando, FL: Harcourt.
Ellis, H. (1923). The dance of life. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, Co.
Emerson, W. R. (1989). Psychotherapy with infants and children. Journal of Pre-and Perinatal Psychology, 3(3), 190-217.
Emerson, W. R. (1993). Treating birth trauma during infancy: Dynamic outcome. Petaluma, CA: Emerson Training Seminars.
Emerson, W. R. (1996). The vulnerable prenate. Pre and Perinatal Journal, 10(3), 125142.
Emerson, W. R. (2002). Somatotropic therapy. Journal of Heart-Centered Therapies, 5(2), 65-90.
Engler-Hicks, B. (2002). Moving into belonging: The dance of mother and child. In A.
Mertz (Ed.), The body can speak: Essays on creative movement education with emphasis on dance and drama. Edwardsville, IL: Southern Illinois Press.
Fabricius, J. (1976). Alchemy: The medieval alchemist and their royal art. London: Diamond Books.
Farrant, G. (1985, July). Cellular Consciousness. Paper presented at the Second Annual Congress on pre- and perinatal Psychology, San Diego, CA.
Fogel, A. (1993). Developing through relationships: Origins of communication, self and culture. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Fogel, A. (2001). Infancy, infant, family and society (4th Edition). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Fonagy, P. (1996). Patterns of attachment, interpersonal relationships and health. In D. Blane, E. Brunner & R. G. Wilkinson (Eds.), Health and Social Organization: Towards a Health Policy for the 21st Century. London: Routledge.
Fonagy, P. (1998). Moments of change in psychoanalytic theory: Discussion of a new theory of psychic change. Infant Mental Health Journal, 19(3), 346-353.
Fonagy, P. (1999, May). Transgenerational consistencies of attachment: A new theory. Paper presented at the meeting of the American Psychoanalytic Association, Washington, D. C. Web site: http://www.dspp.com/papers/fonagy2.htm
Fonagy, P. (2001). Attachment theory and psychoanalysis. New York: Other Press.
Fonagy, P., Gergely, G, Jurist, E. & Target, M. (2002). Affect regulation, mentalization, and the development of self. New York: Other Press.
Fonagy, P., & Target, M. (1997). Attachment and reflective function: Their role in self-organization. Development and Psychopathology, 9, 677-699.
Fonagy, P., & Target, M. (2005). Bridging the transmission gap: An end to an important mystery of attachment research? Attachment & Human Development, 7(3), 333-343.
Free Dictionary (2004). Retrieved Jan. 3, 2004 from www.freedictionary.org/index.php
Gleiser, M. (1997). The dancing universe: From creation myths to the big bang. New York: Penguin Putnum Inc.
Gilbert, R. J. (2003). The healing wisdom of sacred geometry: Where science and spirit meet. Retrieved June 5, 2006 from http^/www.vesica.org/healingwisdom.html.
Hanna, J. L. (1987). To dance is human: A theory of nonverbal communication. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
Harmon, W., & Sahtouris, E. (1998). Biology revisioned. Berkley, CA: North Atlantic Books.
Harvey, A. (1995). The return of the mother. New York: Jeremy P. Tarcher Putnam.
Highwater, J. (1978). Dance: Rituals of experience. New York: Alfred vanderMarck Editions.
Hillman, J. (1975). Re-Visioning psychology. New York: Harper & Row.
Ho, M. W. (1999, October). Coherent energy, liquid crystallinity and acupuncture. Presentation to British Acupuncture Society.
Ho, M. W. (2000). Towards a new ethic of science. Institute of Science in Society. Retrieved June 5, 2006 from www.ratical.org/coglobalize/maewanho/newethic.html
Ho, M. W. (2003, January/February). Dance of life. Resurgence, 216.
Hofer, M. (1995). Hidden regulators: Implications for a new understanding of attachment, separation and loss. In S. Goldberg, R. Muir & J. Kerr (Eds.), Journal of Attachment Theory: Social, developmental and clinical perspectives, (pp 203-230). Hillsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press.
Hrdy, S. B. (2002) Mother Nature: Maternal instincts and how they shape the human species. New York: Ballantine Books.
Hunt, V. (1968). The biological organization of man to move. Impulse: Dance-A projection of the future. San Francisco: Impulse Publications, Inc
Kauffman, S. (1993). The origins of order: Self-organization and selection in evolution. New York: Oxford University Press.
Kauffman, S. ( 1995). At home in the universe: The search for laws of self-organization and complexity. New York: Oxford University Press.
Kauffman, S. (2000). Investigations. London: Oxford University Press.
Kenny, C. B. (1988). The field of play: A guide for the theory and practice of music therapy. Atascadero, CA: Ridgeview Publishing Co.
Kenyon, T. & Sion, J. (2002). The magdalene manuscript: The alchemies ofHorus & the sex magic of Isis. Orcas, WA: Orb Communications.
Kerrod, R. (2003). Hubble: The mirror on the universe. Richmond Hill, Ontario, Canada: Firefly books, Ltd.
Kinsley, C. H., & Lambert, K. G. (2006) The maternal brain. Scientific American, 294, 7279.
Klein, M. (1932). The psycho-analysis of children. London: Hogarth Press.
Klein, M. (1955). The psychoanalytic play technique: Its historical significance. London: Hogarth Press.
Klein, M. (1961). Narrative of a child analysis: The conduct of psycho-analysis of children as seen in the treatment of a ten-year old boy. New York: The Free Press.
Klein, M. (1975). Envy and gratitude and other works. New York: Dell Publishing.
Klein, M. (1975). Love guilt and reparation: And other works 1921-1945. New York: The Free Press.
Lakoff, G., & Johnson, M. (1980). Metaphors we live by. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
Larsen, S. (1999). Shaman's doorway: Opening imagination to power and myth. Rochester, VT: Inner Traditions.
Leary, D. E. (1990). Metaphors in the history of psychology. Boston: Cambridge University Press.
Levine, S. and Levine, O. (1996). Embracing the beloved: Relationship as a path of awakening. New York: Anchor Books.
Lewis, M. D., & Granic, I. (Ed.). (2000). Emotion, development and self-organization, Dynamic systems approach to emotional development. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Lipton, B. (1998). Nature, nurture and the power of love. Pre and Perinatal Psychology Journal, 13(1), 3-10.
Lipton, B. (2005). The biology of belief: Unleashing the power of consciousness, matter and miracles. New York: Mountain of Love.
Mate, G. (2000). Scattered: How attention deficit disorder originates and what you can do about it. New York: Pheone Books.
Maturana, H. (1997). Metadesign. Retrieved Oct 7,2005 from www.inteco.cl/articulos/metadesign.htm
Maturana, H. R., & Varela, F. J. (1992). The tree of knowledge: The biological roots of human understanding. New York: Shambhala Publishers.
McCarty, W. A. (1996, 2000). Being with babies: What babies are teaching us. (Vol. 1 & 2). Goleta, CA: Wondrous Beginnings.
McCarty, W. A. (2002). The power of beliefs: What babies are teaching us. Journal of Prenatal & Perinatal Psychology & Health, 16(4), 341-360.
McCarty, W. A. (2004). Welcoming consciousness: Supporting babies' wholeness from the beginning of life. Santa Barbara, CA: W. B. Publishing.
McCraty, R. (2003). The energetic heart: Bioelectromagnetic interactions within and between people. Boulder Creek, CA: Institute of Heart Math E-books.
McCraty, R., Atkinson, M., & Tomasino, D. (2001). Science of the heart: Exploring the role of the heart in human performance. Boulder Creek, CA: Institute of Heart Math Ebooks.
McGinness, A. C. (1980). Music and healing. Heresies, 10, 2- 6.
McTaggart, L. (2002). The field: The quest for the secret force of the universe. New York: Harper Collins Publishers.
Merleau-Ponty, M. (1968). The visible and the invisible. (A. Lingis, Trans.). Evanston, IN: Northwestern University Press.
Nathanielsz, P. W. (1996). Life before birth: The challenges of fetal development. New York: Witt Freeman.
Nathanielsz, P. (1999). Life in the womb: The origins of health and disease. Ithaca, NY: Promethean Press.
Nathanielsz, P. (2001). The prenatal prescription. New York: HarperCollins.
Nilsson, L., & Hamberger, L. (1993). A child is born. New York: ADTP Seymour Lawrence Book.
Nobel, V. (1991). Shakti woman: Feeling our fire, healing our world. San Francisco: Harper San Francisco.
O'Murchu, D. (2004). Quantum theology: Spiritual implications of the new physics. New York: The Crossroad Publishing Company.
Olds, L. E. (1992). Metaphors of interrelatedness: Toward a systems theory of psychology. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.
Peat, F. D. (2002). From certainty to uncertainty: The story of science and ideas in the twentieth century. Washington D.C.: John Henry Press.
Plaskow, J. & Christ, C. P. (1989). Weaving the Visions: New Patterns in Feminist Spirituality. New York: Harper & Row.
Pribram, K. (1990). From metaphors to models: The use of analogy in neuropsychology. In D. E. Learly, (Ed.), Metaphors in the history of psychology. Boston: Cambridge University Press.
Rarick, L. (1958). Motor development during infancy and childhood. Madison, WI: College Printing and Typing Co.
Ricoeur, P. & Savage, D., (1977). Freud and philosophy: An essay on interpretation. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Rupp, J. (2002). The cosmic dance: An invitation to experience our oneness. New York: Orbis Books.
Sahtouris, E. & Lovelock, J. E. (2000). Earthdance: Living systems in evolution. New York: iUniverse.
Samples, B. (1976). Opening: A primer for self actualization. New York: Addison-Wesley Publishers.
Schore, A. N. (1994). Affect regulation and the origin of the self: The neurobiology of emotional development. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Schore, A. N. (1997). Early organization of the nonlinear right brain and development of a predisposition to psychiatric disorders. Development and Psychopathology, 9,595631.
Schore, A. N. (2001). Contributions from the decade of the brain to infant mental health: An overview. Infant Mental Health Journal, 22(11), 1-6.
Schore, A. N. (200Ia). Effects of a secure attachment relationship on right brain development, affect regulation, and infant mental health. Infant Mental Health Journal, 22(1-2), 7-66.
Schore, A. N. (200Ib). Contributions from the decade of the brain. Infant Mental Health Journal, 22(1), 1-6.
Schore, A. N. (2003). Affect regulation and disorders of the self/Affect regulation and the repair of the self. (Vols. 1-2). New York: W. W. Norton & Company.
Scully, N. (2003). Alchemical healing: A guide to spiritual, physical and transformational medicine. Rochester, VT: Bear and Co.
Shainberg, C. (2005) Kabbalah and the powers of dreaming: Awakening the visionary life. Rochester, NY: Inner Traditions.
Spelke, E. (2002). Developmental neuroimaging: A developmental psychologist looks ahead. Developmental Science, 5(3), 392-396.
Stern, D. N. (1971). A micro-analysis of mother infant interaction: Behavior regulating social contact between a mother and her three-and-a-half month-old twins. Journal of America Academy of Child Psychiatry, 10, 501-517.
Stern, D. N. (1974). Mother and infant at play: The dyadic interaction involving facial, vocal and gaze behaviors. In M. Lewis and A. Rosenblum (Eds.), The effect of the infant on its caregivers (pp. 187-213). New York: JohnWiley & Sons.
Stern, D. N. (1977). The first relationship: Mother and infant. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Stern, D. N. (1985). The interpersonal world of the infant: A view from psychoanalysis and developmental psychology. New York: Basic Books Inc.
Stern, D. N. (1990). Diary of a baby: What your child sees, feels and experiences. New York: Basic Books.
Stern, D. N. (1995). The motherhood constellation: A unified view of parent-infant psychotherapy. New York: Basic Books.
Stern, D. N. (2004). The present moment: In psychotherapy and everyday life. New York: W. W. Norton & Co.
Stern, D. N., Bruschweiler-Stern, N. & Freeland, A. (1998). The birth of a mother: How the motherhood experience changes you forever. New York: Basic Books.
Stewart, I. J. (2000). Sacred woman, sacred dance: Awakening spirituality through movement and ritual. Rochester, VT: Inner Traditions.
Stinchcome, A. (1968). Functional Causual Imagery. In Constructing Social Theories. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Stone, M. (1976). When god was a woman. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.
Tortora, S. (2006). The dancing dialogue: Using the communicative power of movement with young children. New York: Paul H. Brookes Publishing Co., Inc.
Tyson, N. D. G., & Goldsmith, D. (2004). Origins: Fourteen billion years of comic evolution. New York: W. W. Norton & Co, Inc.
van Os, J., Jones, P., Lewis, G., Wadsworth, M. & Murray, R. (1997). Developmental precursors of affective illness in a general population birth cohort. Archives of General Psychiatry, 54(7), 625-631.
Verny, T. & Kelly, J. (1981). The secret life of the unborn child-How you can prepare your unborn baby for a happy, healthy life. New York: Dell Publishing.
Verny, T., & Weintraub, P. (2000). Nurturing the unborn child: A nine-month program to soothing stimulating, and communicating with your baby. New York: Delacorte Press.
Verny, T. & Weintraub, P. (2002a). Tomorrow's baby: The art of science of parenting from conception through infancy. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Verny, T. & Weintraub, P. (2002b). Pre-parenting: Nurturing your child from conception. New York: Simon & Schuster.
von Franz, M. L. (1997). Alchemical active imagination. Boston: Shambhala.
von Franz, M. L. (1980). Alchemy: An introduction to the symbolism and the psychology. Toronto, Canada: Inner City Books.
Von Laban, R. (1973). Modern educational dance. London: MacDonald & Evans.
Winnicott, D. W. (1949, 1958). Birth memories, birth trauma and anxiety in collected papers through pediatrics to psychoanalysis. New York: Basic Books.
Winnicott, D. W. (1964). The child, the family and the outside world. Harmondsworth, Middlesex England: Penguin Books.
Winnicott, D. W. (1971). Playing and reality. New York: Basic Books.
Winnicott, D. W. (1987). Babies and their mothers. London: Free Association Books.
Winnicott, D. W. (1987). The child, the family, and the outside world. New York: Perseus Publishing.
Winnicott, D. W. (1989). Home is where we start from: Essays by a psychoanalyst. New York: W. W. Norton & Co., Inc.
Wolf, F. A. (2000). Mind into matter: A new alchemy of science and spirit. Needham, MA: Moment Point Press, Inc.
Wolf, F. A. (2001). Mind and matter: A new alchemy of science and spirit. Needham, MA: Moment Point Press, Inc.
Zukav, G. (1979). The dancing wu li masters: An overview of the new physics. New York: Harper Collins.
To speak with a representative about our products and services or for technology inquiries, please call 1-720-490-5612.