Warning messageThis content is filtered. APPPAH membership is required for full access to journal articles.
The rationale for providing an emotionally positive experience for both the infant's beginning "emergent sense of self (Stern, 1985) and for his return to the "Secure Base" (Bowlby, 1988) of his mother vis-a-vis his innate ability for "self attachment" within the first hour after birth (Righard & Alade, 1990) is explored.Giving birth and being born are both physiological and psychological processes. Since it is now known (Schore, 1994; Shore, 1997) that the interaction between the infant and his mother creates the structure and organization of the infant's developing brain, it is important to become aware of and responsive to the self attachment research regarding the Amazing Newborn (Righard & Alade, 1990; Klaus & Klaus, 1998).
Ainsworth, M.D.S., Blehar, M.D., Waters, E., & Wall, S. (1978). Patterns of Attachment: A Psychological Study of the Strange Situation. New Jersey: Erlbaum.
Akhtar, S., Kramer, S., & Parens, H. (1996). The Internal Mother. New Jersey: Jason Aronson Inc.
Bemporad, S. (1995). Babies can't wait. The Signal, Newsletter of the World Association for Infant Mental Health. 3 (3) page 1.
Bleiberg, E. (1995). Transgenerational Transmission of Attachment Pattern. Audio Tape from Menninger Continuing Education #030395E 1-800-288-7377.
Bowlby, J. (1988). A Secure Base. New York: Basic Books.
Brazelton, T.B. & Cramer, B. (1990). The Earliest Relationship: Parents, Infants, and the Drama of Early Attachment. Reading, Massachusetts: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company.
Burns, C. (1998). The Active Role of the Baby in Birthing, (unpublished paper) 2228 Seabury Avenue, Minneapolis, MN 55406. 612/339-4097.
Castellino, R. with Takikawa, D. & Wood, S. (1997). The Caregiver Is Role in Birth and Newborn Self-Attachment Needs, (unpublished paper) 1105 North Ontare, Santa Barbara, Ca 93105.
Coalition for Improving Maternity Services. (1996). International Journal of Childbirth Education 13(2): 26-28.
Cohen, B.B. (1993). Sensing, Feeling, and Action. Contact Editions. Northhampton, MA.
Eisenberg, L. (1995). The Social Construction of the Human Brain. American Journal of Psychiatry 152:11, 1563-1575.
Fonagy, P. (1999). Attachment, The Holocaust, and The Outcome of Child Psyhchoanalysis: An Attachment-Based Model of Transgenerational Transmission of Trauma. Sophia Mirviss Memorial Lecture, San Francisco Psychoanalytic Institute and Society, Child Development Program. February, 7, 1999, San Francisco, Ca.
Grey, K. (1992). Creating the Environment for the Infant I Toddler's Capacity to Experience Mastery and Competence of His Abilities. Student Handbook, Center for Child and Family Studies, Department of Human and Community Development, University of California, Davis.
Gunner, M.R., Brodersen, L., Krueger, K. & Rigatuso, R. (1996). Dampening of behavioral and adrenocortical reactivity during early infancy: Normative changes and individual differences. Child Development, 67:877-889.
Huffman, J., Popbla, L., & Duhalde, C. (1998). Early Stages of Initiative and Environmental Response. Infant Mental Health Journal, 19(4), 355-377.
Horner, A. (1982) Object Relations and the Developing Ego in Therapy. New York: Jason Aronson.
Kennell, J.H. & Klaus, M. (1998). Bonding: Recent Obsrvations That Alter Perinatal Care. Pediatrics in Review, 19: 1, 4-12.
Klaus, M. & Klaus, P. (1998). your Amazing Newborn. Perseus Books: Reading, Massachusetts.
Kovach, AC. (1996). An Assessment Tool for Evaluating Hospital Breast-feeding Policies and Practices. Journal of Human Lactation, 12(1): 41-5.
Lieberman, A. (1998). An Infant Mental Health Perspective. Zero to Three. December 1997/January 1998: 3-5.
Mahler, M.S., Pine, F., & Bergman, A. (1975). The Psychological Birth of the Human Infant. New York: Basic Books.
McDougall, J. (1989). Theaters of the Body. W.W. Norton & Company. New York.
Milner, B., Squire, L.R., & Kandel, E.R. (1998). Cognitive Neuroscience and the Study of Memory. Neuron, 20: 445^168.
Moberly, E.R. (1985). The Psychology of Self and Other. New York: Tavistock Publications.
Perry, B., Pollard, R., Blakeley, R., Baker, W., & Vigilante, D. (1995). Childhood trauma, the neurobiology of adaptation, and "Usedependent" development of the Brain: How "states" become "traits". Infant Mental Health Journal, 16(4) 271-289.
Reiner, R. (1997). The First Years Last Forever. I Am Your Child. Publication from the Reiner Foundation. Families and Work Institute. New York, N.Y.
Righard, L. & Adale, M. (1990). Effects of Delivery Room Routines on Success Of First Breast-feed. The Lancet, 336: 1105-07.
Robinson, J., Emde, R., & Korfmacher, J. (1997). Integrating an Emotional Regulation Perspective in a Program of Prenatal and Early Childhood Home Visitation. Journal of Community Psyhchology, 25(1) 59-75.
Schecter, D. (1980). Early Developmental Roots of Anxiety. Journal of the American Academy of Psychoanalysis 8:539-554.
Schore, A.N. (1994). Affect Regulation and the Origin of the Self: The Neurobiology of Emotional Development. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Settlage, C., Bemesderfer, S., Rosenthal, J., Afterman, J., & Spielman, P. (1991). The Appeal Cycle in Early Mother-child Interaction: Nature and Implications of a Finding from Developmental Research. The Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 39:987-1015.
Shore, R. (1997). Rethinking the Brain. Families and Work Institute. New York, N.Y.
Siegel, D. (1996). Cognition, Memory, and Dissociation. Child and Adolescent Clinics of North America, 5:509-536.
Siegel, D. (1998). The Developing Mind: Toward a Neurobiology of Interpersonal Experience. The Signal, Newsletter of the World Association for Infant Mental Health 6, 3-4:1-11.
Stern, D.N. (1985). The Interpersonal World of the Infant. New York: Basic Books.
Stern, D.N. (1995). The Motherhood Constellation. New York: Basic Books.
Thoenen, H. (1995). Neurotrophins and Neuronal Plasticity. Science, 270, 593-598.
Tronick, E. (1989). Emotions and Emotional Communicationin Infants. American Psychologist, 44(2): 112-119.
Zero to Three/National Center for Clinical Infant Programs. (1994). Diagnostic Classification of Mental Health and Developmental Disorders of Infancy and Early Childhood. Zero to Three/National Center for Clinical Infant Programs, Arlington, Virginia.
Donis Eichhorn, RN, Ph.D. and Thomas R. Verny, MD, D Psych, FRCP(C)
Donis Eichhorn, RN, Ph.D. is Associate Clinical Professor, Dept. of Pediatrics & Center for Child & Familiy Studies, the University of California, Davis. She may be reached at 1509 Del Dayo Drive, Carmichael, Ca 95608. Phone (916) 752-2888. Thomas R. Verny, MD, D Psych, FRCP(C) is the founder of APPPAH. He is considered one of the world's leading authorities on pre- and perinatal psychology. This paper is the result of research, under his direction, during the course of study in pre- and perinatal psychology he pioneered in conjunction with the Department of Human Development, Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology Program, St. Mary's University, Minneapolis. He may be contacted at 36 Madison Ave., Toronto, Ontario M5R251, Canada.
To speak with a representative about our products and services or for technology inquiries, please call 1-720-490-5612.