Warning messageThis content is filtered. APPPAH membership is required for full access to journal articles.
The purpose of this phenomenological study is to better understand the impact and implications of a cesarean birth on later adult behavior patterns. A written survey was designed using Dr. William R. Emerson?s questionnaire The Evaluation of Obstetrical Trauma: A Questionnaire (1997). Forty statements were developed to represent behaviors believed to relate to birth via cesarean section. Four cesarean-born women participated in the study. Each completed the questionnaire and was interviewed by telephone about the statements she thought best applied to her experience. Three themes emerged: (a) interruption, (b) motivation to achieve, and (c) offering help even when it is not requested. This study supports research suggesting that (a) people remember birth implicitly and (b) persons born by c-section share attitudes, behaviors, and other characteristics.
Arms, S. (1994). Immaculate deception II: Myth, magic and birth. Berkley, California, Celestial Arts.
Chamberlain, D. (1988). Babies remember birth: And other extraordinary scientific discoveries about the mind and the personality of your newborn. Los Angeles: Tarcher.
Emerson, W. (1997). Birth trauma: The psychological effect of obstetrical interventions. Petaluma, CA: Emerson Training Seminars.
Emerson, W. (1998). Birth trauma: The psychological effects of obstetrical interventions. Journal of Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology and Health, 13(1), 11-44.
Emerson, W. (2001). Treating cesarean birth trauma during infancy and childhood. Journal of Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology and Health, 15(3), 177-192.
English, J. (1994). Being born caesarean: Physical and psychosocial aspects. International Journal of Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology and Medicine, 6(3), 381-394 .
Goer, H. (1995). Obstetrical myths versus research realities: A guide to the medical literature. London: Bergin & Garvey.
Martin, J. A., Hamilton, B. E., Sutton, P. D., Ventura, S. J., Menacker, E, & Kirmeyer, S. (2006). Births: Final data for 2004. National vital statistics reports, 55(1). Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics.
McCarty, W. (2002). Keys to healing and preventing foundational trauma: What babies are teaching us. Bridges-ISSSEEM Magazine, 73(4), 8-12.
Verny, T, & Kelly, J. (1981). The secret life of the unborn child. New York: Dell.