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The Embryo in Us: A Phenomenological Search for Soul and Consciousness in the Prenatal Body
Publication Date: 01/2013
Author(s): Author: Jaap van der Wal

In the last two decades the classical post-Cartesian mind-body dualism (which by many scientist and philosophers is considered to be old-fashioned and overcome by modern monism of materialism) seems to be prevailed by a kind of body-brain dualism propagated by modern neurophysiology and neurophilosophy.

Maternal Fetal Attachment: Can Acceptance of Fetal Sentience Impact the Maternal-Fetal Attachment Relationship?
Publication Date: 10/2012
Author(s): Author: Nancy Eichhorn

Research into maternal-fetal attachment is increasing yet has not yielded substantive scientific results due in part to the lack of a clear definition of the word “attachment.” Furthermore, a controversy currently exists in the literature with debate focused on the use of the word “attachment” as referenced by John Bowlby when discussing the maternal-fetal relationship.

Prenatal Exposure to Synthetic Oxytocin: Risk to Neurodevelopment?
Publication Date: 10/2012
Author(s): Author: Lisa Kurth, Author: Deana Davalos

The neurodevelopmental risks of prenatal exposure to synthetic Oxytocin (OXT) during childbirth are relatively unexplored; however, it seems plausible that lifelong consequences could occur. This article expounds upon a pilot study (Kurth & Haussmann, 2011) that posited an association between prenatal OXT exposure and childhood onset of ADHD, suggesting neurodevelopmental disorders may be a consequence of this exposure. Study results, conclusions, and speculative impressions are discussed1.

Somatically Informed Parent-Prenate Psychotherapy
Publication Date: 10/2012
Author(s): Author: Mikael Lövkvist

This paper discusses somatically informed parent-prenate counseling/ psychotherapy. It defines and presents the phenomenon called parent-prenate attachment. Further, it reviews the literature on parent-prenate attachment; and also reports on some of the factors that have been found to strengthen, or weaken, the qualities of bonding in this relationship. Finally, the article defines and introduces somatic psychotherapy; and proposes some of the potential ways in which somatic clinical interventions could enhance the practice of parent-prenate psychotherapy.

The Potential Effects of Contemplative Practices on the Cultivation of Empathic Attunement in Mothers
Publication Date: 10/2012
Author(s): Author: Eryn Michaud

Recent research across various disciplines, including attachment theory, neuroscience, developmental psychology, and pre and perinatal psychology, suggests the importance of redefining parenting effectiveness to include empathic attunement. In light of this research, the importance of prenatal education and training for mothers in body-centered contemplative practices, due to the resulting potential for the development of empathic attunement and the corresponding impact on the developing mind/brain of their children, is discussed.

Book Reviews
Publication Date: 07/2012
Author(s): Author: Joann M O'Leary, Author: Ellynne Skove

The Sound of Silence: Journeys Through Miscarriage, edited by Irma Gold. (2011). Capalaba, Queensland: Mostly for Mothers, a division of Wombat Books, 165 pages, ISBN 978-921632-12-9.

Pregnancy as a Feminine Initiation
Publication Date: 07/2012
Author(s): Author: Nora Swan-Foster

Pregnancy as a feminine initiation becomes conscious to a woman when she engages with her pregnant imagination through dreams, art, emotions, and somatic changes. If the woman acknowledges her emotional and psychological reactions arising from core archetypal patterns, a “conscious pregnancy” occurs. Three stages of the initiation are outlined: Gateway, Attending, and Passage. Focusing on the Attending stage, three key psychological components are explored: shadow, syzygy, and simultaneity. Viewing the prenatal psyche through C.G.

Shoulder Dystocia: How the Body Holds the Experience and How the Psyche Resolves It
Publication Date: 07/2012
Author(s): Author: Sandy Morningstar

Birthing professionals are charged with the responsibility of freeing the baby whose head appears but whose shoulders remain stuck. How they manage this stressful obstacle and how the experience imprints the baby both physiologically and psychologically are examined in this paper through the application of body-centered therapy.

The Culture of Clear Differentiation Between Knowledge and Non-Knowledge in Prenatal Psychology
Publication Date: 07/2012
Author(s): Author: Ludwig Janus

In order to validate external perceptions there are clear criteria in the natural sciences as to what is known and what is not known. In psychology we are dealing with internal perceptions, where the boundary between knowledge and non-knowledge cannot be so clearly defined due to the subjectivity of the observer. However, during the past hundred years, a culture of validation of internal perceptions has been developed in psychoanalysis and other psychotherapies by means of controlled self experience and supervision.

Thinking the Unthought
Publication Date: 07/2012
Author(s): Author: Helga Blazy

Some psychoanalytic researches are reviewed here to give an overview of how ideas on prenatal life and psychoanalytic ideas on ego-formation got tentatively together during the last century and the first years of the new century. There is a large bow to Ferenczi who published his long paper Thalassa in 1924 after about ten years of thoughts on it that were shared by Maiello, Hidas and Raffai, and Wilheim. Certainly this bow is incomplete. However, we can see how prenatal life becomes more relevant in psychoanalytic research, too.

Volume 26, Issue 4
Publication Date: 07/2012
Author(s): Author: Jeane Rhodes

In this issue of JOPPPAH we connect strongly with one of the primary ancestors of our field, psychoanalysis, and find there relevance and wisdom that informs and challenges us to consider all perspectives in what constitutes pre- and perinatal psychology today. We find that psychoanalysis is not only an ancestor, but a current explorer in this realm. Nora Swan-Foster brings the Jungian perspective in with an in depth look at pregnancy as feminine initiation.

Obstetrical Implications of Waterside Hypotheses
Publication Date: 03/2012
Author(s): Author: Michel Odent

This article addresses the question, “What are the waterside hypotheses of human evolution”? The environments our Homo Sapiens ancestors adapted to through the evolutionary process remain to a certain extent unknown and open to theoretical investigation. When we do such investigation, it is revealed that there are obstetrical implications of the waterside hypotheses that also bear investigation. This article begins to make the important connections.

The Mother and Child Reunion Bonding Therapy: The Four Part Repair
Publication Date: 03/2012
Author(s): Author: Antonio Madrid

Repairing the broken bond between a mother and her child is relatively easy when one knows how to do it. The four-stage protocol presented here involves (I) suspecting that there is a bonding problem, (II) searching for the cause, (III) metabolizing the painful feelings, and (IV) creating an alternative birth. The therapy is short, quick, and effective. Eight cases are presented as examples.

The Pre & Perinatal Origins of Childhood and Adult Diseases and Personality Disorders
Publication Date: 03/2012
Author(s): Author: Thomas R Verny

This paper will explore the effects on the unborn and newborn child of psychological stress, depression, and other relevant maternal factors in the pre and perinatal period. Particular attention will be paid to the effects of stress on the organization and function of the fetal brain, on neurohormones, the immune system, personality evolution, as well as on the development of many childhood and adult diseases.

Prenatal and Perinatal Psychotherapy with Adults: An Integrative Model for Empirical Testing
Publication Date: 06/2011
Author(s): Author: Bobbi Jo Lyman

This article identifies an issue within the discipline of prenatal and perinatal (PPN) psychology, namely that the field currently consists of individual practitioners’ modalities without empirical validation around treatment efficacy. The goal undertaken was to integrate the PPN literature related to adult psychotherapy into a coherent and practical model to serve as a guide for students and professionals that could also be empirically tested.

Prenatal and Perinatal Trauma Case Formulation: Toward an Evidence-Based Assessment of the Origins of Repetitive Behaviors in Adults
Publication Date: 06/2011
Author(s): Author: Bobbi Jo Lyman

Historically, the practice of treating adults for prenatal and perinatal trauma has consisted of individual practitioners’ modalities that lacked empirical validation around treatment specificity or efficacy. Yet, their commitment to understanding the origins of behaviors has provided hope for clients challenged with life-long problems. This paper describes, based on a review of the literature, a first step towards integrating prenatal and perinatal psychology theory and practice knowledge with current case formulation and evidence-based practice models.

Remembering B.J. by Marti Glenn and Wendy Anne McCarty
Publication Date: 06/2011
Author(s): Author: Marti Glenn, Author: Wendy Anne McCarty

Dr. Bobbi Jo Lyman passed away on May 4, 2011. For nearly two decades, she passionately devoted her life work to the field of Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology (PPN) and the message that our earliest life experiences are of vital importance.

Is Maternal Personality and Coping Style Related to Breech Presentation? Evaluating the Chinese Medicine and Ayurvedic Models of Risk Factors for Breech Presentation
Publication Date: 05/2011
Author(s): Author: Caroline Peterson

We investigated maternal personality characteristics and coping style as potential risk factors for breech presentation in this case-control study. Mothers of cephalic presentation babies (n=72) and mothers of breech presentation babies (n=42) participated in a socio-demographic survey, the State Trait Personality Inventory (STPI), and an in-depth interview. In-depth interview results suggested mothers of breech presentation were more likely to be idealistic, analytical, overextended, and fearful; also less likely to be flexible.

Living Out the Past: Infant Surgery Prior to 1987
Publication Date: 05/2011
Author(s): Author: Terry Monell

This paper will focus on the infants and young children who underwent surgical procedures without anesthesia prior to 1987, the standard of practice at the time, and the lifelong consequences that remain unrecognized and untreated in this population. Relevant historical context unique to this phenomenon in the human story is critical to understanding the protocol by which the medical profession determined care for the infant. The review of the neuroscience of trauma and memory focuses on primary sensory and affective capacity.

Sibling Grief After Perinatal Loss
Publication Date: 05/2011
Author(s): Author: Joann M O'Leary, Author: Cecilie Gaziano

Research which studies family grief in response to perinatal loss (the loss of a child before birth, during birth, or immediately after birth) generally has focused on parental grief and rarely included sibling grief. The emotional burdens from unresolved grief that surviving siblings experience can be carried into adulthood and are insufficiently understood. Siblings in families bereaved as a result of perinatal loss suffer in two ways: they mourn the loss of their expected sibling and they mourn the loss of the parents as they knew them prior to the loss.