Warning messageThis content is filtered. APPPAH membership is required for full access to journal articles.
Fantasy during pregnancy is a very common occurrence, especially during the third trimester. It is often disturbing to the woman, and may provide insights into client concerns of clinical relevance to the health care professional who delivers care to this population. This paper reports on a preliminary classification schema for third trimester fantasies, based on a survey of fantasies reported by pregnant women during this time period. Clinical examples of counseling situations using the schema to identify pregnant clients' problems and concerns are discussed. Assessment of fantasy state during pregnancy is seen as one important component to be included in delivery of care to the whole woman.
Benedek, T. (1970). The psychology of pregnancy. In A. Benedek and T. Anthony (Eds.) Parenthood. Boston: Little, Brown.
Blair C. (1987). The relationship between selected daydreaming patterns of primigravidous women during pregnancy and women's perceptions of their babies within one month postpartum. Pre-and-Peri-Natal Psychology Journal, 2(1), 43-49.
Caplan, G. (1959). Concepts of mental health and consultation. Washington DC: U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare.
Clinger, E. (1971). The structure and function of fantasy. New York: Wiley Interscience.
Deutch, H. (1965). The psychology of women. New York: Grune and Stratton.
Klaus, M., Kennell, J. (1982). Parent-infant bonding. St. Louis: Mosby.
Lederman, R. (1984). Psychosocial adaptation in pregnancy. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall.
Levy, J., McGee, R. (1975). Childbirth as a crisis: A test of Janis theory of communication and stress resolution. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 31 (1), 171-179.
Notman, M., Lester, E. (1988). Theoretical considerations. Special Issue: Pregnancy. Psychoanalytic Inquiry, 8(2), 139-159.
Rubin, R. (1972). Fantasy and object constancy in maternal relationships. The Maternal-Child Nursing Journal 1 (2), 101-111.
Rubin, R. (1984). Maternal identity and the maternal experience New York: Springer.
Schuker, E. (1987). Psychological effects of the new reproductive technologies. Women and Health, 13(1-2), 141-147.
Sherwen, L. (1980). An investigation into the effects of psychoprophylactic method training and locus of control on fantasy production and body cathexis in the primiparous woman. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, New York University.
Sherwen, L. (1981). Fantasies during the third trimester of pregnancy. MCN-The American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing 6(6), 3918-401.
Sherwen, L. (1986). Third trimester fantasies of first-time expectant fathers. Maternal-Child Nursing Journal, 15(3), 153-170.
Sherwen, L. (1987). Psychosocial dimensions of the pregnant family. New York: Springer.
Singer, J. (1975). Navigating the stream of consciousness. American Psychologist, 65, 720.
Winestine, M. (1989). To know or not to know: Some observations on women's reactions to the availability of prenatal knowledge of their babies' sex. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 37(4), 1015-1030.
Zeanah, C, Keener, M., Anders, T. (1986). Adolescent mothers' prenatal fantasies and working models of their infants. Psychiatry, 49(3), 193-203.
Laurie N. Sherwen, Ph.D., R.N
Laurie N. Sherwen, Ph.D., R.N., is the Nurse Researcher and an Associate Professor in the Department of Nursing at Thomas Jefferson University in Philadelphia. She has published many articles and four books concerned with pregnancy and parenting. Her most current work, a maternity nursing core textbook: Nursing Care of the Childbearing Family, was published by Appleton-Lange in February, 1991. Dr. Sherwen is an associate editor for the Journal of Perinatology. Her current research efforts involve investigation of effects of caretaker environment on HIV-infected children. Address correspondence to Department of Nursing, Thomas Jefferson University, 130 South 9th Street, 12th Floor, Philadelphia, PA 19107.