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Publication Date: 
March, 2004
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The mothers of 15 asthmatic children were treated with a therapy that repaired the bonding between their children and them. Twelve children's asthma symptoms improved; of the 10 who were regularly taking medications, 8 no longer needed them. Improvement seemed dependent upon age, with children under 9 having the greatest benefit. All 7 Mexican-American children improved, using a Bilingual Bicultural counselor to treat the mothers.


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Antonio Madrid, Ph.D., Ralph Ames, Ph.D., Denise Horner, M.A., Gary Brown, M.A., and Luz Navarrette, M.A.

Antonio Madrid, Ph.D., Ralph Ames, Ph.D., Denise Horner, M.A., are therapists at the Russian River Counselors, Monte Rio, CA. Gary Brown, M.A., and Luz Navarette, M.A., are teachers at Santa Rosa Junior College, Santa Rosa, CA. Correspondence can be addressed to Antonio Madrid, Ph.D., P.O. Box 519, Monte Rio, CA 95462 or madrid@neteze.com.

This study was sponsored by grants from the Van Strum Foundation and the Sonoma County Children and Families Commission.



Physical Separation

* Mother was separated from child at or after birth.

* Mother had a very difficult delivery.

* Child was sick at birth.

* Child was twin or triplet.

* Intensive Care Nursery or incubator.

* Mother was anesthetized at birth.

* Mother was very sick after the birth.

* Mother was separated from child in first month.

* Child was adopted.

* Other separation occurred.

Emotional Separation

* Mother had emotional problems during pregnancy.

* Mother had emotional problems after birth.

* Mother had a death in the family within two years of birth.

* Mother had a miscarriage within two years of birth.

* Mother and father were separated before birth or soon after.

* Mother was addicted to drugs or alcohol at birth.

* Mother moved before or soon after birth.

* Severe financial problems.

* Unwanted pregnancy.

* New romance in mother's life.

* Other event which could have interfered with bonding.