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This article explores the influence on brain development, as well as the neurological and behavioral outcomes, of the preterm and very preterm infant. It also briefly covers the influence of In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF), multiple births, gestational age, and birth weight on development as well as giving a more in depth review of literature that evaluates the impact of preterm birth and very preterm birth on brain development and neurological and behavioral outcomes. Finally, a case study is presented based upon the experience of a woman who delivered one twin at 24 weeks who survived and presently shows no significant abnormalities.
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Peterson, B., Vohr, B., Staib, L., Cannistraci, C., Dolberg, A., Schneider, K., Katz, K., Westerveld, M., Sparrow, S., Anderson, A., Duncan, C., Makuch, R., Gore, J., & Ment, L. (2000). Regional brain volume abnormalities and long-term cognitive outcome in preterm infants. The Journal of the American Medical Association, 284(15), 1939-1947.
Stewart, A.L., Rifkin, L., Amess, P.N., Kirkbride, V., Townsend, J.P., Miller, D.H., Lewis, S.W., Kingsley, D.P.E., Moseley, I.F., Foster, O., & Murray, R.M. (1999). Brain structure and neurocognitive and behavioural function in adolescents who were born very preterm. The Lancet, 353, 1653-1657.
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Wocadlo, C. & Rieger, I. (2000). Very preterm children who do not cooperate with assessments at three years of age: skill differences at five years. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 21(2), 107-113.
Send correspondence to: Mari Fullmer, MA at 3695 La Entrada, Santa Barbara, CA 93105. Email: email@example.com Ms. Fullmer is a recent graduate of Santa Barbara Graduate Institute.
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