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October, 1996
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1. Achilles, Rona (1993). Assisted Reproduction: The Social Issues. Changing Patterns Sandra Hurt (ed.). McClelland & Stewart Inc.

2. Burning Times. National Film Board of Canada.

3. Daly, Mary. (1973). Beyond God the Father. Beacon Press, Boston.

4. Fawcett, J., N. Pollio & A. Tully. (1992). Perceptions of Cesarean and Vaginal Delivery: Another Look. Research in Nursing & Health 15(6): 439-446.

5. Feldman, Perle. January, 1992. Sexuality, birth control and childbirth in Orthodox Jewish Tradition. Canadian Medical Association Journal 146(1); 29-33.

6. Freedman, L. Z. (1950). The Question of 'painless childbirth' in primitive cultures. Orthopsychiatry 20:327-363.

7. Fridh, G., T. Kopare, F. Gaston-Johansson & K T. Norvell. April 1988. Factors Associated with More Intense Labor Pain. Research in Nursing & Health 11(2): 117-124.

8. Gelfland, D. M., S. Gelfland & M. W. Rardin. Some personality factors associated with placebo. Psychological Reports 17: 555-562.

9. Ivey, Kay. Feb. 28, 1995. Telephone conversation. Fort Worth, Texas.

10. Koehler, Nan (ed.) (1985). Artemis Speaks: VBAC Stories and Natural Childbirth Information. Jerald R. Brown Inc., California.

11. Baker, Jeannine Parvati. Special Books for Parenting.

12. Brooks, Tbnya. The Psychological Issues of Childbirth.

13. Cohen, Nancy Wainer. Birth, A Commentary.

14. Colman, L. & A. Colman. Pregnancy as an Altered State of Consciousness.

15. Koehler, Nan. Home Birth.

16. Shattuck, Nan. Physiology of Labor Relaxation.

17. Shearer, Elizabeth Connor. Education for Vaginal Birth After Cesarean.

18. Shearer, E. L. Preventing Unnecessary Caesareans.

19. Solomon, Linda. Ina May Gaskin, Spiritual Midwife.

20. Tarr, Katherine. When Labor Starts.

21. Leventhal, E. A., H. Leventhal, S. Shacham & D. V. Easterling. (1989). Active coping reduces pain from childbirth. Journal of Consulting & Clinical Psychology 57(3): 365-371.

22. Lowe, Nancy. August 1989. Explaining the pain of active labor: The importance of maternal confidence. Research in Nursing & Health 12(4): 237-245.

23. MacKinnon, Catherine. (1989). Rape or Coercion and Consent. Toward a Feminist Theory of the State. Harvard University Press.

24. Mehl, Lewis. (1981). Influence of Belief. The Five Standards for Safe Childbearing. David Stewart (ed.) Napsac Reproductions MO.

25. Mercer, R. T., K. C. Hackley & A. G. Bostrom. Relationship of psychosocial and perinatal variables to perception of childbirth. Nursing Research 32(4): 202-207.

26. Norr, K. L., C. R. Block, A. Charles, S. Meyering & E. Meyers. (1977). Explaining pain and enjoyment in childbirth. Journal of Health & Social Behavior 18:260-275.

27. Odent, Michel. (1984). Birth Reborn. Pantheon Books, New York.

28. Peterson, Gayle. (1984). Birthing Normally. Shadow & Light, Berkeley.

29. (1974). Pocket Oxford Dictionary. Oxford University Press.

30. Priya, Jacqueline Vincent. (1992). Birth Traditions and Modern Pregnancy Care. Element Books, U.K.

31. Rothman, Barbara Katz (1982). In Labor: Women and Power in the Birthplace. George J. McLeod Ltd., Toronto.

32. Ruether, Rosemary Radford. (1974). Religion and Sexism. Simon & Schuster.

33. Shaw, Nancy Stoller. (1974). Forced Labor: Maternity Care in the United States. Pergamon Press, New York.

34. (1993). Spiritual Midwifery (video). The Farm, Tennessee.

35. Tell, Charlotte. July, 1915. The Neglected Psychology of Twilight Sleep. Good Housekeeping 41:17-24.

Weisenberg, M. (ed.) (1975). Pain C.V. Mosby, St. Louis, MO:

36. Beecher, Henry K. Quantification of the subjective pain experience.

37. Johnson, Jean E. Effects of accurate expectations about sensations on the sensory and distress components of pain.

38. Melzack, R. & P. Wall. Psychophysiology of pain.

39. Merskey, H. Psychological aspects of pain.

40. Murray, John B. Psychology of the pain experience.

41. Ryan, E. D. & C. R. Kovacic Pain tolerance and athletic participation.

42. Winsberg, B. & M. Greenlick. Pain response in Negro and white obstetrical patients.

43. Wolff, B. B. & S. Langley. Cultural factors and the response to pain.

44. Wertz, Richard W. & D. C. Wertz (1977). Lying-in: A History of Childbirth in America. Schocken Books, New York.

45. Williams. (1852). Practical Observations on Nervous and Sympathetic Palpitation of the Heat, as well as on Palpitation, the Result of Organic Disease. Churchill, London.

Hilary Monk, B.A., B.Ed., C.C.E.

Hilary Monk, B.A., B.Ed., C.C.E., CPM (pending) is a childbirth educator and formerly a midwife in Toronto, Canada. She is the mother of four children, three of them non-medicated home births.