Warning messageThis content is filtered. APPPAH membership is required for full access to journal articles.
What great intelligence guides our formation? What happens to that amazing original potential and how can we recover it when life conditions have occluded it? This article explores how our psychological development may be affected by conditions we meet, like being received and welcomed, or not, within familial, cultural, and ancestral contexts. The concept of psychological shadow is applied to pre- and perinatal experience that is so often denied. Specific embryological milestones are considered in relation to how conditions may affect the psyche and how we might return to our sense of wholeness and original potential.
Brannigan, R., Cannon, M., Tanskanen, A., Huttunen, M.O., Leacy, F.P., & Clarke, M.C. (2019). The association between subjective maternal stress during pregnancy and offspring clinically diagnosed psychiatric disorders. Acta Psychiatrica Scanidavica, 139(4), 304—310. https://doi.org/10.1111/ acps.12996.
Emerson, W.R. (2002). Somatotropic therapy. Journal of Heart-Centered Therapies, 5(2), 65–90. https://www.emersonbirthrx.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/ Journal-5-2-Somatotropic-Therapy.pdf
Gaudet, C., Séjourné, N., Camborieux, L., Rogers, R., & Chabrol, H. (2010) Pregnancy after perinatal loss: Association of grief, anxiety and attachment. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 28(3), 240–251. https://doi/10.1080/02646830903487342
Suess, T., Dr. (1954/1990). Horton hears a who. Random House.
Glover, V. (2011). Annual research review: Prenatal stress and the origins of psychopathology: An evolutionary perspective. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 52(4), 356—367. https://doi/10.1111/j.1469-7610.2011.02371.x
Joyce, J. (1967/2014). Dubliners. Penguin Classics.
Jung, C.G. (1953/1966). Collected Works of C.G. Jung, Volume 7: Two Essays in Analytical Psychology. Translated from the German by R.F.C. Hull. Bollingen Foundation, Inc. & Princeton University Press.
Kinsella, M.T., & Monk, C. (2009). Impact of maternal stress, depression & anxiety on fetal neurobehavioral development. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynecology, 52(3), 425—440. https://doi/0.1097/GRF.0b013e3181b52df1.
Lipton, B. (1998). Nature, nurture and the power of love. Journal of Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology and Health, 13(1), 3—10.
McGill University. (May, 2020). COVID-19 places added prenatal stress on mother and child that could have lasting impact. Neuroscience News. https://neurosciencenews.com/coronavirus-prenatal-stress-16351/
Maret, S.M. (1997). The prenatal person: Frank Lake’s maternal-fetal distress syndrome. University Press of America.
Markin, R.D. (2018). “Ghosts” in the womb: A mentalizing approach to understanding and treating prenatal attachment disturbances during pregnancies after loss. Psychotherapy, 55(3), 275–288. https://doi.org/10.1037/ pst0000186
Nathanielsz, P.W. (1999). Life in the womb: The origin of health and disease. Promethean.
Puce, J. (1974). The mystic spiral: Journey of the soul. Thames & Hudson.
Rodriguez, T. (March 10, 2015). Descendants of Holocaust survivors have altered stress hormones. Scientific American Mind, 25(2). https://doi/10.1038/ scientificamericanmind0315-10a
Scrutti, S. (2014). “Genetic memory” of grandma’s malnourishment affects health of grandchildren, but ends there. Medical Daily. https://www.medicaldaily.com/ genetic-memory-grandmas-malnourishment-affects-health-grandchildren-ends-there-292438
Terry, K. (2013). Implantation journey: The original human myth, Part 2. Journal of Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology and Health 28(1), 61—72.
University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston. (August 3, 2016). Researchers shed new light on signals that trigger labor and delivery. Science Daily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/08/160803124439.htm
van der Wal, J. & van der Bie, G. (2005). Highlights of a phenomenological embryology—Principles of a prenatal psychologie. [Translation by the authors of Grundzüge einer phänomenologischen Embryologie, erschienen in Inge Krens/Hans Krens (Hg.), Grundlagen einer vorgeburtlichen Psychologie]. Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen. https://www.embryo.nl/upload/ documents/artikelen-embryosofie/Highlights%20Phenomenological%20 Embryology%202005%20EN%20chapter.pdf
Yehuda, R., & Lehrer, A. (2018). Intergenerational transmission of trauma effects: Putative role of epigenetic mechanisms. World Psychiatry, 17, 243—257.