Warning messageThis content is filtered. APPPAH membership is required for full access to journal articles.
Drawing upon an impressive body of writing and published research in the area of prenatal and perinatal psychology, the author here presents her own thoughts about the critical importance of the prenatal and perinatal period as foundational for the later moral development and behavior of the person. She argues that any design for moral education must take this early period into account. Mutual connection or affectional bonding between people, when honored during the time of prenatal life, birth, breastfeeding and early infancy, acts as a template influencing how later experiences are felt, perceived and integrated. The origins of love as well as of alienation lie in prenatal and perinatal interactions with mother, caretakers and culture.
Bustan, M. N. & Coker, A. L. (1994). Maternal attitude toward pregnancy and the risk of neonatal death. American Journal of Public Health, 84(3), 411-414.
Chamberlain, D. (1998). The mind of your newborn baby. Berkeley: North Atlantic Books.
Kaczynski's mental state is focus as the Unahomber trial begins. (1997, November 12). Star Tribune, p. 6a.
Klaus, M. H., Kennell, J. H. & Klaus, P. H. (1995). Bonding: Building the foundations of secure attachment and independence. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.
Klaus, M. H. & Klaus, P. H. (1993). Mothering the mother. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.
Klaus, M. H. & Klaus, P. H. (1998). Your amazing newborn. Reading, MA: Perseus Books.
Madsen, L. (1994). Rebounding from childbirth: Toward emotional recovery. Westport, CT: Bergin & Garvey.
Magid, K. & McKelvey, C. A. (1987). High risk: Children without a conscience. Toronto: Bantam.
Mahler, M., Pine, F. & Bergman, A. (1975). The psychological birth of the human infant: Symbiosis and individuatian. New York: Basic Books.
Manrique, B. (1995). Love effaces violence: panel on breaking the cycle of violence. Preand Perinatal Psychology Journal, 10(2), 83-87.
Newman, J. (1995, December). How breast milk protects newborns: some of the molecules and cells in human milk actively help infants stave off infection. Scientific American, pp. 76-79.
Odent, M. (1992). The nature of birth and breastfeeding. Westport, CT: Bergin & Garvey.
Pearce, J. C. (1977). Magical child: Rediscovering nature's plan for our children. New York: E. P. Dutton.
Pert, C. (1997). Molecules of emotion: Why you feel the way you feel. New York: Scribner.
Phillips, R. D. (1975). Structural symbiotic systems: Correlations with ego states, behavior and physiology. Unpublished manuscript, Chapel Hill, NC.
Prescott, J. W. (1996). The origins of human love and violence. Pre- and Perinatal Psychology Journal, 10(3), 143-188.
Stewart, I. & Joines, V. (1987). T. A. today: A new introduction to transactional analysis. Nottingham and Chapel Hill: Lifespace Publishing.
Uvnäs-Moberg, K. (1989, July). The gastrointestinal tract in growth and reproduction. Scientific American, pp. 78-83.
Verny, T. R. & Kelly, J. (1981). The secret life of the unborn child. New York: Dell.
Millicent Adams Dosh, MA
Millicent Adams Dosh, MA is a Montessori educator and post-partum doula. This Article was presented at the First Conference on the Ethics of Parenting held by the Center for Applied Ethics, Pace University, New York City, February 1999. Correspondence may be directed to email: email@example.com or 4124 Harriet Avenue South Minneapolis, Minnesota 55409 (Phone) 612-827-1818.