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Prenatal and perinatal psychology and medicine is an interdisciplinary scientific field of research and practice with the scientific focus on prenatal and perinatal conditions of human life. Prenatal period of human life represents a crucial phase in human life during which crucial developmental processes and regulations take place and these serve as adaptation strategies and physiological capabilities for the next postnatal life´s periods.
Prenatal and perinatal psychology and medicine is an interdisciplinary scientific field of research and practice with the scientific focus on prenatal and perinatal conditions of human life. Prenatal period of human life represents a crucial phase in human life during which crucial developmental processes and regulations take place and these serve as adaptation strategies and physiological capabilities for the next postnatal life´s periods. Moreover, it is generally accepted that experiences during critical periods of prenatal, perinatal and early childhood stages of life organize brain systems, and influence the immediate and long-term psychology and behavior of the individual. A great body of evidence indicates that human brain development is organized from the very early time after fertilization and human fetus exhibits behavioral patterns as well as processing of affective, social, sensory and other stimuli. New integrated approaches in the research of early fetal brain and human mind bring data elucidating unique processes involved in the complex human mind development. This rapidly developing field of integrated neurosciences in prenatal and perinatal medicine is reflected in growing knowledge and new fundamental findings in behavioral embryology, psychoimmunoneuroendocrinolgy, neurogenetics and neuroepigenetics, research of bonding and other scientific areas. New approaches in both research and clinical medicine could reinforce the current knowledge and establish new methods of primary and secondary prevention strategies as well as to contribute to the development of modern personalized medicine. Editor’s Note: This paper was previously published in the International Journal in Prenatal Perinatal Psychology Medicine Vol. 25, Issue 1–2 (2013), pp. 121–138.
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