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1. Klaus MB, Leger T, and Trause MA: Maternal Attachment and Mothering Disorders: A Round Table, sponsored by Johnson & Johnson, Sausalito, Calif., 1974.
2. Klaus MH, and Kennell JH: Maternal-Infant Bonding, St. Louis, 1976. Mosby.
3. Carter-Jessop L: Promoting maternal attachment through prenatal intervention, American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing 6(2), 1981, pp. 107-112.
4. Lumley J: The image of the fetus in the first trimester, Birth and the Family Journal 7(1), 1980.
5. Bowlby J: Attachment and loss: Retrospect and prospect, American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 52(4), 1982, pp. 664-678.
6. Walker AHC: Liquor amnil studies in the prediction of haemolytic disease of the newborn, British Medical Journal 2, 1957, p. 376.
7. Beesor D, and Douglas R: Prenatal diagnosis of fetal disorders, Part I: Technological capabilities, Birth 10(4), 1983, pp. 227-232.
8. Golbus MS, Conte FA, et al.: Intrauterine diagnosis of genetic defects: Results, problems, and follow-up of one hundred cases in a prenatal genetic detection center, American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 118(7), 1974, pp. 897-905.
9. Gordon H: Mayo Clinic, The People's Doctor Newsletter 3(11) 1979, p. 3.
10. Robinson A, et al.: Intrauterine diagnosis: Potential complications, American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 116, 1973, pp. 937-941.
11. Cook LN, Shott RJ, and Andrews BF: Fetal complications of diagnostic amniocentesis: A review and report of a case with pneumothorax, Pediatrics 53, 1974, pp. 421-424.
12. Lamb MP: Gangrene of a fetal limb due to amniocentesis, British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 82, 1975, pp. 829-830.
13. Goodlin RC, and Clewell WH: Sudden death following diagnostic amniocentesis, American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 118, 1974, pp. 285-288.
14. Amniocentesis kills 1.5% of fetuses in British study, Medical World News February 19, 1979, pp. 25 & 29.
15. Thomas M: Another view, The People's Doctor Newsletter 3(11), 1979.
16. National Institute of Child Health and Development Project: The safety and accuracy of mid-trimester amniocentesis, 1976, DHEW Publication No. (NIH) 78-190.
17. Crandall BF, et al.: Follow-up of 2000 second-trimester amniocentesis, Obstetrics and Gynecology 56, 1980, pp. 625-628.
18. Wald NJ, et al.: Congenital talipes and hip malformation in relation to amniocentesis: A case-controlled study, Lancet 2, 1983, pp. 246-249.
19. Verny TR, and Kelly J: The secret Life of the Unborn Child, New York, 1982, Dell.
20. Saurel AM: Audio-psycho-phonology in Cabine de Maternage, paper presented at the 1st International Congress on Pre- and Perinatal Psychology, July 1983, Toronto.
21. New answer from amniocentesis: Who's the father? Medical World News 7 December 1981, pp. 68.
22. Concensus panel opposes routine use of ultrasound in pregnancy, Medical World News 12 March 1984, pp. 19-20.
23. Payer L: Use of ultrasound on fetus showing no bad effects, Medical Post, 1983.
24. Stockman JA: 1979 Year Book of Pediatrics, Chicago, 1979, Year Book Medical Publications.
25. Compulsory Hospitalization, Marble Hill, Mo. 1979, NAPSAC International.
26. Stratmeyer ME: Research in ultrasound bioeffects: A public health view, Birth and the Family Journal 7(2), 1980, pp. 92-100.
27. Reported by Strauss S: Microwaves may cause gene damage, The Globe & Mail 29 March 1984, p. 612.
28. Swicord M: U.S. Food & Drug Administration, reported by Strauss S: Microwave may cause gene damage, The Globe & Mail 29 March 1984, p. C12.
29. Stark CR: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of South Florida Medical School,
30. Campbell S, et al.: Ultrasound scanning in pregnancy: The short-term psychological effects of early real-time scans, Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynecology 1(2), 1982, pp. 57-61.
31. Reported in Call for improved fetal monitoring refuels debate among physicians, Medical World News, 27 February 1984, pp. 46-47.
32. Haverkamp AD, et al.: The evaluation of continuous fetal heart rate monitoring in high risk pregnancy, American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 125,1976, pp. 310-317.
33. Edwards M, and Simkin P: Obstetric Tests and Technology: A Consumer Guide.
34. Starkman MN, and Youngs DD: Reactions to electronic fetal monitoring, in Youngs DD, and Ehrhardt AA, eds., Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynecology, New York, 1980, Appleton-Century-Crofts, pp. 145-147.
35. Jackson JE, et al.: Psychological aspects of fetal monitoring: Maternal reaction to the position of the monitor and staff behavior, Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynecology 2(2), 1983, pp. 97-102.
36. Verny TR: Presentation at a workshop on psychotechnology of reproduction, University of California, Santa Cruz, April 1984.
37. Elias S, and Esterly N: Prenatal diagnosis of hereditary skin disorders, Clinical Obstetrics Gynecology 24, 1981, pp. 1069-1087.
38. Nolan GH, et al.: The effect of ultrasonography on mid-trimester genetic amniocentesis complications, American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 140, 1981, p. 531.
39. Philips JM: Fetoscopy: An overview, Journal of Reproductive Medicine 15,1975, pp. 69-72.
40. Hobbins in Yale explores the world of the fetus, Contemporary Obstetrics and Gynecology 2(5), 1973, pp. 18-32.
41. Bladder tap in womb saves twin-without harming sister, Medical World News 17 August 1981, pp. 7-8.
42. Rubber doll helps doctors operate on fetal brain, The Star, Toronto, 1 August, 1983.
43. McDaniel C: Fetal surgery results not as dramatic as reported, The Medical Post, 1 November 1983, p. 60.
44. Beeson D, and Golbus MS: Anxiety engendered by amniocentesis, in Epstein CJ, et al., eds., Risk, Communication and Decision Making in Genetic Counselling, New York, 1979, Alan R. Liss for the National Foundation, March of Dimes Birth Defects; Original Article Series, XV, pp. 191-197.
45. Beeson D: Technological rhythms in pregnancy: The case of prenatal diagnosis by amniocentesis, in Duster T, and Garrett K, eds., Biological Rhythms and Social Relations, Norwood, N.J., Ablex., 1984, pp. 145-181.
46. Fletcher J: The brink: The parent-child bond in the genetic revolution, Technological Studies 33, 1972, pp. 457-485.
47. Blumberg BD, et al.: The psychological sequelae of abortion performed for genetic indication, American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 122(7), 1975, pp. 799-808.
48. Harris U: Prenatal Diagnosis and Selective Abortion, Cambridge, Mass., 1975, Harvard University Press.
49. Fletcher JC: Moral and ethical problems of prenatal diagnosis, Clinical Generalist 8, 1975, p. 251.
50. Dyck AJ: Ethical issues in community and research medicine, New England Journal of Medicine (284), 1971, p. 724.
51. Powledge TM, and Fletcher J: Guidelines for the ethical, social, and legal issues in prenatal diagnosis, New England Journal of Medicine 300, 1979, pp. 168-172.
52. Beeson D, Douglas R, and Lumsford TF: Prenatal diagnosis of fetal disorders. Part II: Issues and implications, Birth 10(4), 1983, pp. 233-241.
Thomas R. Verny, M.D., D. Psych., F.R.C.P.(C)
About the Author
Dr. Thomas Verny is a psychiatrist in private practice. He has an extensive background in education, administration, and community work. He has taught at Harvard University, the University of Toronto, and York University, was director of the Psychiatric Inpatient Service of the Toronto East General Hospital and of the EGO Programme at York University, and is the founder of the Center for Psychotherapy and Education in Toronto. Dr. Verny organized the First International Congress of Pre- and Peri-Natal Psychology in Toronto in July 1983. He is president of the Pre and Peri-Natal Psychology Association of North America.
Dr. Verny has spoken at various national and international meetings in North America and Europe and published articles in both the lay press and in professional journals. He is the author of Inside Groups: A Guide to Encounter Groups and Group Therapy, published by McGraw-Hill, New York, in 1974 and subsequently translated into Dutch and Swedish. He is also the author of The Secret Life of the Unborn Child which appeared in hardcover in 1981 and in paperback in 1982. To date the book has been published in 18 countries.