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Relations between prenatal role quality and dual-earner parents' postnatal depression are rarely studied. We prospectively examined relations among prenatal role quality, life satisfaction, and dual-earner parents' depression after the birth of their first child. Ninety-nine couples provided data between 20 and 40 weeks gestation and 8 and 10 postnatal weeks. We tested two hypotheses: 1) Mothers' prenatal depression would increase postnatally compared with fathers' and 2) Greater prenatal work-family strain, role disparity and intensity, and less life satisfaction would relate to greater postnatal depression. Fathers' pre- to postnatal depression increased while mothers' decreased. Poorer role quality and less life satisfaction were associated with increased postnatal depression, after controlling for prenatal depression, age, and gender.
KEY WORDS: dual-earners, depression, role quality, transition to parenting.
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