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Publication Date: 
October, 1996
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When pregnant women of the village of Vilamarxant, Spain, began singing for two hours a week, they discovered a cascade of psychological benefits including emotional expression, tension relief, and a powerful group solidarity. As they clapped and tapped musical rhythms with their hands and feet, learning folk songs and lullabies, their babies seemed to be joining in their fun. Two older mothers who were scheduled for Caesareans gave birth spontaneously and confidently. After their babies were born, the mothers who had sung to their unborn infants found themselves more proficient at calming their newborns to sleep, and they were able to continue to breastfeed longer.


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Rosario N. Rozada Montemurro is a midwife with the maternal education program at the Health Center at Vilamarxant. Direct correspondence to Ap. de Correos 163, Lliria, Valencia, 46160, Spain.