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Publication Date: 
October, 1994
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The proliferation of third party conceptions has answered the prayers of some infertile couples for a child. At the same time it has created a variety of profound biological, ethical, legal, social and psychological problems. In this paper an attempt is made to explore specifically the psychological issues consequent to the use of AI, IVF and surrogate motherhood.


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Thomas R. Verny, M.D., D. Psych., F.R.C.P.(C)

Paper presented at the II International Congress of PPPANA 1985, San Diego. Thomas R. Verny is founder and past president of PPPANA. Also past editor of the PPPJ. He is presently on the Board of Directors of PPPANA and a psychiatrist in private practice in Toronto, Canada.