Warning message

This content is filtered. APPPAH membership is required for full access to journal articles.
-A +A
Issue: 
Publication Date: 
September, 2015
Page Count: 
13
Starting Page: 
28
Brief Summary: 

From the perspective that birth attitudes are largely enculturated, the researchers assessed medical and natural birth attitudes among 1,467 nulliparous university women and men,

Abstract: 

In the U.S. and other industrialized nations, the prevailing childbirth approach has been described as medicalized, a view in which safe birth is characterized as requiring specialized intervention. From the perspective that birth attitudes are largely enculturated, we assessed medical and natural birth attitudes among 1,467 nulliparous university women and men, expecting that pre-parents would endorse medical more strongly than natural birth attitudes. We analyzed data in subgroups categorized by sex, race, and future childbearing plans. White men and women who did not plan to have children scored significantly higher on the medical than natural birth scale whereas non-white women and men rated the natural birth scale higher. Our results reflect the complex interplay between demographics and birth philosophy and indicate the need for awareness of enculturated beliefs, particularly in developing childbirth informational campaigns to address growing evidence indicating that intensive intervention has not led to measurably increased maternal or newborn health.

 

References: 

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists [ACOG]. (2013, March 21). Early deliveries without medical indications: Just say no. Retrieved from:                  http://www.acog.org/About-ACOG/News-Room/News-Releases/2013/Early-Delive...
American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists [ACOG]. (2014, March 1). Obstetric care consensus: Safe prevention of primary cesarean delivery.                    Retrieved from: http://www.acog.org/Resources-And-Publications/Obstetric-Care-Consensus-...
Bronfenbrenner, U., & Evans, G. A. (2000). Developmental science in the 21st century: Emerging questions, theoretical models, research designs and empirical
      findings. Social Development, 9(1), 115-25.
Cassidy, C. (1995). Social science theory and methods in the study of alternative and complementary medicine. Journal of Alternative and Complementary
      Medicine
1(1), 19-40.
Ceci, S. J., Williams, W. M., & Barnett, S. M. (2009). Women’s underrepresentation in science: sociocultural and biological considerations. Psychological Bulletin,
     135(2), 218.
Cleeton, E. R. (2001). Attitudes and beliefs about childbirth among college students: Results of an educational intervention. Birth28(3), 192-200.
D’Cruz, L., & Lee, C. (2014). Childbirth expectations: An Australian study of young childless women. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 32(2), 199
     211.
Davis-Floyd, R. (2001). The technocratic, humanistic, and holistic paradigms of childbirth. International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics, 75(Supplement 1),
     S5–S23.
Declercq, E. R., Sakala, C., Corry, M. P., & Appelbaum, S. (2006). Listening to mothers II: Results of the second national U.S. survey of women’s childbearing 
     experiences. 
New York: Childbirth Connection. Retrieved from http://www.childbirthconnection.org/listeningtomothers/.
Declercq, E. R., Sakala, C., Corry, M. P., Applebaum, S., & Herrlich, A. (2013). Listening to mothers III: Pregnancy and birth; report of the third national US 
     survey of women’s childbearing experiences.
 New York, NY: Childbirth Connection.
Eagly, A. H., Wood, W., & Diekman, A. B. (2000). Social role theory of sex differences and similarities: A current appraisal. In T. Eckes & H. A. Trautner (Eds.),
      The developmental social psychology of gender (pp. 123-174). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
Fairbrother, N., Stoll, K., Schummers, L., & Carty, E. (2013). Obstetrician, family physician, or midwife: preferences of the next generation of maternity care 
      consumers. Canadian Journal of Midwifery Research and Practice-Revue Canadienne de la Recherche et de la Pratique Sage-femme11(2), 8-15.
Finer, L. B., & Henshaw, S. K. (2006). Disparities in rates of pregnancy in the United States, 1994 and 2001. Perspectives on Sexual Reproductive Health, 38(2),
      90-96.
Francis, K. (2014). Interview with Emerson. Journal of Prenatal & Perinatal Psychology & Health, 29(4), 300-312.
Henshaw, S. K. (1998). Unintended pregnancy in the United States. Family Planning Perspectives, 30(1), 24-29+46.
Homish, G., & Leonard, K. (2007). Alcohol use and partner expectations among newly married couples. Substance Use and Misuse, 42(9), 1427–1441.
Howell-White, S. (1997). Choosing a birth attendant: The influence of a woman’s childbirth definition. Social science & medicine45(6), 925-936.
Lee, S., Cho, E., Grodstein, F., Kawachi, I., Hu, F. B., & Colditz, G. A. (2005). Effects of marital transitions on changes in dietary and other health behaviours in
      US women. International Journal of Epidemiology34(1), 69-78.
Martin, J. A., Hamilton, B. E., Sutton, P. D., Ventura, S. J., Mathews, T. J., Kirmeyer, S.., & Osterman, M.J. (2010). Births: Final data for 2007. National Vital 
      Statistics Reports, 58
(24). Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr58/nvsr58_24.pdf
Martin, J. A., Hamilton, B. E., Osterman, M. J., Curtin, S. C., & Mathews, T. J. (2013). Births: Final data for 2012. National Vital Statistics Reports, 62(9). 
      Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 2015. http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/products/nvsr.htm (Retrieved 5/31/2015).
Martin, J. A., Hamilton, B. E., Osterman, M. J., Curtin, S. C., & Mathews, T. J. (2015). Births: Final data for 2013. National Vital Statistics Reports, 64(1).
     Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 2015. http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/products/nvsr.htm (Retrieved 5/31/2015).
Moos, M. K. (2006). Preconception health: Where to from here? Women’s Health Issues, 16(4), 156-158.
Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (2015). About us. Retrieved from www.pcori.org/about-us/landing/
Perl, L. M. (2010). The birth and death of VBACs in a rural community hospital. Birth, 37(3), 257–258.
Pitcock, C. D. & Clark, R. B. (1992). From Fanny to Fernand: The development of consumerism in pain control during the birth process. American Journal of
      Obstetrics & Gynecology, 167
(3), 581–587.
Saisto, T., & Halmesmaki, E. (2007). Fear of childbirth can be treated, and cesarean section on maternal request avoided. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica
      Scandinavica, 
86(9), 1148–9.
Sakala, C. (2006). Carol Sakala’s letter from North America: An uncontrolled experiment: elective delivery predominates in the United States. Birth33(4), 332-
      335.
Sakala, C., & Corry, M. P. (2008). Evidence-based maternity care: What it is and what it can achieve. Retrieved from 
      http://www.milbank.org/reports/0809MaternityCare/0809MaternityCare.html#...
Sjogren, B. (2000). Childbirth: Expectations, choices, and trends. Lancet, 356, S12.
Soliday, E. (2012). Childbirth in a technocratic age: Documentation of women’s expectations and experiences. Amherst, NY: Cambria Press.
Stevens, G., & Miller, Y. D. (2012). Overdue Choices: How Information and Role in Decision‐Making Influence Women’s Preferences for Induction for Prolonged
      Pregnancy. Birth39(3), 248-257.
Su, R., Rounds, J., & Armstrong, P. I. (2009). Men and things, women and people: A meta-analysis of sex differences in interests. Psychological Bulletin135(6),
      859.
United States National Institutes of Health [NIH]. (2006). State-of-the-science conference statement on cesarean delivery on maternal request. NIH Consensus
     Science Statements, 23
(1). Retrieved from http://consensus.nih.gov/2006/cesarean.htm
Wertz, R. W., & Wertz, D. C. (1989). Lying in: A history of childbirth in America, expanded edition. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Wilson, K. L., & Sirois, F. M. (2010). Birth attendant choice and satisfaction with antenatal care: the role of birth philosophy, relational style, and health self‐
      efficacy. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology28(1), 69-83.
World Health Organization [WHO] (2009). Monitoring emergency obstetric care: A handbook. Geneva: WHO Press. Retrieved from: 
​      http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2009/9789241547734_eng.pdfS