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This paper focuses on violence as pathology occurring primarily during pregnancy and explains the resulting impact on one's life. It addresses this specific theme, and does not include the violence found in some medical birth procedures, or violence generated by gender. This paper is based upon a presentation by the authors in March 2001, at the OMAEP [World Organization of Prenatal Education] & ANEP [Association of National Prenatal Education] Congress in Puerto la Cruz, Venezuela. entitled "Violence & Pregnancy." This congress brought together leading experts from South and North America, and Europe.
American Academy of Pediatrics. (2002). Retrieved from www.aap.org/mediamatters Brekhman, G. I. (2000). The conception of the multiple-level co-ordinated action between the mother and her unborn child: the methodological approach and the methods of research. Ivanovo, Russia:
Fedor-Freybergh, P. G., (1993). Prenatal and perinatal psychology and medicine: A new approach to primary prevention. Int. J. Prenatal & Perinatal Psychology and Medicine, Vol.5(3): 285-292. Preceeded by Fedor-Freybergh, Peter G., 1983 Psycophysische Gegebenheiten der Perinalzeit aïs Umwalt des Kindes. In: Schindler, S. Zimprich, H. (eds.) Okologie der Perinatalzeit. Stuttgart: Hippocrates, pp.24-49.
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Graber, G. H. (1924). Die ambivalenz des kindes (The ambiance of children). Vienna: Psychoanalytic Press.
Lipton, B. (2001, Spring). Fathers as genetic engineers. Presented at the World Organization of Prenatal Education (OMAEP) and the Association of National Prenatal Education (ANEP) Congress, Puerto la Cruz, Venezuela.
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Perry, B. D. (1997) Incubated in terror: Neurodevelopmental factors in the cycle of violence, in Children, youth and violence: The search for solutions. J. Osofsky, Ed. pp. 124-148. New York: Guilford Press .
Rank, O. (1924) Dos trauma der geburt und seine bedeutung fur die psychoanalyse (The trauma of birth: Its meaning for psychoanalysis). Vienna: International Psychoanalytic Press English Translation 1952, New York: Brunner.
Schore, A. N. (1996). The experience-dependent maturation of a regulatory system in the orbital cortex and the origin of developmental psychopathology. Development and Psychology, 8: 59-87.
Schore, A. N. (1997) Affect regulation and the origin of the self. New York: Lawrence Erlbaum
Soldera, G. (2002, Summer) The individual life project: A new way of flscovering the unborn child world and potentialities. Journal of Pre- and Perinatal Psychology, Vol. 16(4): 361-376.
Sonne, J. C. (1994a, March) The relevance of the dread of being aborted to models of therapy and models of the mind. Part I: Case examples. The International Journal of Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology and Medicine, 6(1): 67-86. Republished (1995, Spring) Pre- and Perinatal Psychology Journal, 9(3):195-219.
Sonne, J. C. (1994b, June). The relevance of the dread of being aborted to models of therapy and models of the mind. Part II: Mentation and communication in the unborn. The International Journal of Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology and Medicine, 6(2): 247-275. Republished (1995, Summer) Pre- and Perinatal Psychology Journal, 9 (4): 257-294.
Sonne, J. C. (1996, September). Interpreting the dread of being aborted in therapy. The International Journal of Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology and Medicine, 8(3): 317-339. Republished (1997, Summer) Pre- and Perinatal Psychology Journal 11(4):185-214.
Sonne, J. C. (2000, Fall) Abortion survivors at Columbine. Journal of Pre- and Perinatal Psychology 15(1):3-22.
Turner, J. R. (1988). Birth, life, and more life: Reactive patterning based on prebirth events. In Fedor-Freybergh, P. G. & Vogel, V. (Eds.), Prenatal and perinatal psychology and medicine: encounter with the unborn, (pp 309-316). New Jersey: Parthenon.
Turner, J.R. & Turner, T. (1989, October). Birth, life, and more life: Implications of prebirth memory therapy prenatal psychology in the structuring processes of consciousness.© Presented at the 1st German Rebirthing Kongress. University of Osnabruck W. Germany.
Turner, Jon RG (1990) There is no such thing as anger: It is something else! Santa Fe, NM: Life's Streams Books.
Turner, JRG & TGN, (1995) Past life echoes© regression therapy is a key element of Whole -Self, Birth, Life & More Life! Santa Fe, NM: Life's Streams Books
Turner, JR & TGN, (1992). Discovering the emotional DNA: The emotional continuity for the unborn child through prebirth memory therapy. Presentation at the 10* ISPPM International Congress. Cracow, Poland 15-17 May 92.
Turner, J.R. & Turner, T. (1993, Summer). Prebirth memory therapy including prematurely delivered patients. Pre- and Perinatal Psychology Journal, Vol. 7(4): 321-332.
Verny, T. (2001, Spring) The birth of violence. Presented at the World Organization of Prenatal Education (OMAEP) and the Association of National Prenatal Education (ANEP) Congress, Puerto La Cruz, Venezuela.
Westermann, S. (1996). Die antwort bist du selbst: Whole-Self ein innerer weg Ryvellus. Seehaupt-Munchen, Germany: Medienverlag.
Westermann, S. (2000). Der elternschlussel (The parent-key) entwickelt (based on) von Whole- Self-Methode nach Turner. Beispliele von Pranatalen Pragungen von Verhalten in Beziehungen. International Journal of Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology and Medicine, 12(1): 221-228.
Jon RG & Troya GN Turner-Groot are pioneers in Prebirth Memory Recovery© and CoFounders & Directors of Whole-Self Discovery & Development Institute, Inc. in Grootebroek, The Netherlands. They have published over 40 papers worldwide. For more information, please see: www.Whole-Self.info
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