Warning message

This content is filtered. APPPAH membership is required for full access to journal articles.
-A +A
Publication Date: 
March, 2006
Page Count: 
Starting Page: 

This article continues the dialogue on the origins of heath as beginning in the womb. It points to the positive effects and changes that can occur when re-evaluating the importance of the pregnancy period for matters of public health. A brief review of the literature on dietary habits preconception/prenatally, and the intrauterine pollution of fat-soluble synthetic chemicals were offered. Followed by the description of a pilot study for the purpose of initiating a new generation of research. Results indicated preconceptional counselling must reflect new preoccupations based on the life-long effects of intrauterine pollutants.


Alaluusua, S., Lukinmaa, P.-L., et al. (1993). Exposure to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-para-dioxin leads to defective dentin formation and pulpal perforation in rat incisor tooth. Toxicology, 8, 1-13.

Alaluusua, S., Lukinmaa, P.-L., et al. (1999). Developing teeth as biomarker of dioxin exposure. Lancet (16 jan); 353: 206.

Auger, J., Kunstmann, J.M., Czyglik, F., & Jouannet, P. (1995). Decline in semen quality among fertile men in Paris during the past 20 years. New England Journal of Medicine, 332, 281-5.

Davis, D.L., Gottlieb, M.B., & Stampnitzky, J.R. (1998). Reduced ratio of male to female births in several industrial countries. A sentinel health indicator? JAMA, 279, 1018-1023.

Dimich-Ward, H., Hertzman, C., et al. (1998). Reproductive effects of paternal exposure to chlorophenate wood preservatives in the sawmill industry. Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, 24(5), 416.

Fernandes, A., White, S., Dsilva, K., & Rose, M. (2004). Simultaneous Determination of PCDDs, PCDFs, PCBs and PBDEs in Food. Talanta, 63, 1147-1155.

Forman, D. & Moller, H. (1994). Testicular cancer. Cancer Surveys, 19-20, 323-41.

Garcia-Rodriguez, J., Garcia-Martin, M., et al. (1996). Exposure to pesticides and cryptorchidism: geographical evidence of a possible association. Environmental Health Perspectives, 104, 394-99.

Huisman, M., Koopman-Esseboom, C., et al. (1995). Neurological condition in 18-month-old children perinatally exposed to polychlorinated biphenyls and dioxins. Early Human Development, 43: 165-76.

Infante-Rivard, C. & Sinnett, D. (1999). Preconceptional paternal exposure to pesticides and increased risk of childhood leukemia. Lancet, 354, 1819.

Jacobson, J.L. & Jacobson, S.W. (1996). Intellectual impairment in children exposed to polychlorinated biphenyls in utero. New England Journal of Medicine, 335(11), 783-9.

Koopman-Esseboom, C., Weisglas-Kuperus, N., et al. (1996). Effects of polychlorinated biphenyl/Dioxin exposure and feeding type on infants mental health and psychomotor development. Pediatrics, 97: 700-06.

Mizuno, R. (2000). The male/female ratio of fetal deaths and births in Japan. Lancet, 356, 738-39.

Nelson, B.K., Moorman, W.L., & Shrader, S.M. (1996). Review of experimental male-mediated behavioral and neurochemical disorders. Neurotoxicology and Teratology, 18(6): 611-16.

Nygren, M., Yrjänheikki, E.J., Ersböll, A., Carlé, J. & Startin, J.R. (1993). World Health Organization 3rd International intercalibration study on PCBs dioxins and furans in human milk, blood, cow's milk and fish, Presented at Dioxin 93, Vienna, Austria.

Odent, M. (1994). Eliminating the nocebo effect in prenatal care. Primal Health Research Newsletter, 2(2).

Odent, M. (2003). Risk factors for preterm delivery. Lancet, 361: 436.

Odent, M., Colson, S., & De Reu, P. (2002). Consumption of seafood and preterm delivery - Encouraging pregnant women to eat fish did not show effect. British Medical Journal, 324: 1279.

Odent, M.R., McMillan, L., & Kimmel, T. (1996). Prenatal care and sea fish. Eur J Obstetr Gynecol Reproduct BM, 68: 49-51.

Olsen, S. & Secher, N.J. (2002). Low consumption of seafood in early pregnancy as a risk factor for preterm delivery: prospective cohort study. British Medical Journal, 324: 447.

Patandin, S., Lanting, C.L, et al. (1999). Effects of environmental exposure to polychlorinated. biphenyl/dioxins on cognitive abilities in Dutch children at 42 months. Journal of Pediatrics, 134(i): 7-9.

Paulozzi, L.J., Erickson, D., & Jackson, R.J. (1997). Hypospadias trends in two US surveillance systems. Pediatrics, 100, 831.

Ribas-Fito, N., Cardo, E., Sala, M., et al. (2003). Breastfeeding, exposure to organochlorine compounds, and neurodevelopment in infants. Pediatrics, 111(5 Pt 1), e580-5.

Sherman, J. & Bale, J. (18 October 2005). Charities furious as lottery lets £3.4 billion sit in bank. The Times.

Stephens, R.D., Rappe, C., Hayward, D.G., Nygren, M., Startin, V., Ersböll, A., Carlé, J. & Yrjänheikki, E.J. (1992). World health organization international intercalibration study on dioxins and furans in human milk and blood. Analytical Chemistry, 64, 3109.

Van Leeuwen, X.R. & Younes, M.M. (2000). Assessment of the health risk of dioxins: re-evaluation of the tolerable daily intake (TDI), Food Additives & Contaminants, Vol. 17 No. 4.

Yrjänheikki, E.J. (1991). Levels of PCBs, PCDDs and PCDFs in human milk and blood second round of quality control studies, Environment and Health in Europe, 37, WHO, Copenhagen.

Michel Odent, MD, Primal Health Research Center,

London, England

Editor's note: This study is reprinted with permission of Michel Odent, MD, Director, Primal Health Research Center in London and the newsletter Primal Health Research, published in North and South America by Birth Works, Inc., Medford, NJ. Contact information: Email for Dr. Odent is: modent@aol.com

Acknowledgment: It is thanks to the precious suggestions, encouragements, and continuous advice of Vyvyan Howard that our study was possible. Vyvyan Howard is now Professor of Bioimaging, Centre for Molecular Biosciences, University of Ulster. He is recognized as an expert in "feto-toxicology".