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New Criteria to Evaluate the Practices of Midwifery and Obstetrics
Publication Date: 03/2008
Author(s): Author: Michel Odent

A position on the necessity of evaluating both obstretrics and midwifery is offered to utilize what strengths each discipline brings birthing mothers. But beyond this, the effects of birth on subsequent events, for example breastfeeding in the short term, and the potential for sweeping effects in the long term for the culture are included. To summarize, the accumulation of research in a number of areas points to the conclusion that interfering with pre- or perinatal development can have future effects currently not envisioned.

Subjective Evaluation of Perinatal Care Regulation
Publication Date: 03/2008
Author(s): Author: Christine Durif-Bruckert, Author: Sandra David, Author: Jean-Pierre Durif-Varembont

In France the policy of regionalization and organization of perinatal care is governed by a Decree issued in 1998, the objective of which is to improve prevention of premature births and perinatal risks. Within this context, forty-nine health professionals were interviewed by means of a qualitative questionnaire designed to evaluate implementation of the Decree. The present report is primarily an analysis of the mechanisms and psychosocial issues of over-medicalization of birth.

The Mother-Baby Prenatal Group: Nurturing Reflective Functioning in a Methadone-Maintenance Clinic
Publication Date: 03/2008
Author(s): Author: Connie Jenkins, Author: Anne Williams

This paper describes the rationale and curriculum for an attachment-based intervention for pregnant women who attend an outpatient methadone-maintenance clinic. Maternal drug use has been associated with negative prenatal internal representations and problems in mutual regulation after birth. Maternal attachment status during pregnancy has been correlated with subsequent security of infant attachment. Recent studies suggest maternal reflective functioning as a key mediator in attachment.

Prenatal and Perinatal Trauma Case Formulation: Toward an Evidence-Based Assessment of the Origins of Repetitive Behaviors in Adults
Publication Date: 01/2008
Author(s): Author: Bobbi Jo Lyman

Historically, the practice of treating adults for prenatal and perinatal trauma has consisted of individual practitioners' modalities that lacked empirical validation around treatment specificity or efficacy. Yet, their commitment to understanding the origins of behaviors has provided hope for clients challenged with life-long problems. This paper describes, based on a review ofthe literature, a first step towards integrating prenatal and perinatal psychology theory and practice knowledge with current case formulation and evidence-based practice models.

Cesarean Birth Stories
Publication Date: 12/2007

The purpose of this phenomenological study is to better understand the impact and implications of a cesarean birth on later adult behavior patterns. A written survey was designed using Dr. William R. Emerson?s questionnaire The Evaluation of Obstetrical Trauma: A Questionnaire (1997). Forty statements were developed to represent behaviors believed to relate to birth via cesarean section. Four cesarean-born women participated in the study. Each completed the questionnaire and was interviewed by telephone about the statements she thought best applied to her experience.

From "Bad" Ritual to "Good" Ritual: Transmutations of Childbearing Trauma in Holotropic Ritual
Publication Date: 12/2007
Author(s): Author: Gregg Lahood

In this article a tentative and provisional theory is advanced on the treatment of birth-giving trauma. ?Birth-giving-trauma? here refers to women (and men) psychologically, physically or emotionally traumatized during birth-giving. In the first part of this article I outline anthropologist Robbie Davis-Floyd?s argument that Western medicalized birthing can be constructed as a ?modern? rite of passage which can negatively imprint disempowering images into women?s minds, reinforce messages of inferiority, and traumatise the birth-giving mothers.

The Skin as a Psychic Organ: The Use of Infant Massage as a Psychotherapeutic Tool in Infant-Parent Psychotherapy
Publication Date: 12/2007
Author(s): Author: Paulette Lucier

This paper explores the use of touch, particularly infant-massage in infant-parent psychotherapy and the ways in which clinicians can utilize this intervention to strengthen infant-parent attachment. Touch as a taboo in psychotherapy, and the paradigmatic shifts that are occurring to allow for a reconsideration of the value of touch in psychotherapy is considered. Theories on touch and development from a depth-oriented perspective are presented, including related concepts such as: psychic skin, skin ego, and Winnicott?s holding environment or handling.

A Journey of Love: The Influence of Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology on Parent-Child Bonding
Publication Date: 10/2007
Author(s): Author: Christie Barrack

The purpose of this qualitative, phenomenological study was to better understand parents? experiences of bonding with their babies in utero and after birth, and to discover the relevance of a prenatal and perinatal psychology (PPN) based bonding class in this process. Five couples were recruited from prenatal parenting classes in Santa Barbara, CA, and interviewed in person 2-6 months after giving birth.

Prenatal and Perinatal Memories in Preverbal Children: Clinical Observations Using Videotape Examination
Publication Date: 10/2007
Author(s): Author: Tara Maria A. Blasco

This research study examined the hypothesis that preverbal children are capable of implicitly and explicitly registering their prenatal and perinatal experiences and of subsequently communicating these experiences through their behavior. It asked the question, Can trained observers accurately identify preverbal children?s prenatal and perinatal experiences based on the children?s behavior in a therapeutic setting? The study utilized mixed-method analysis, and accuracy was assessed according to the degree of correspondence between the observers?

The Alchemical Dance of Mother and Infant: A Blueprint for Co-Creative Dyadic Unity During the Prenatal and Perinatal Period
Publication Date: 10/2007
Author(s): Author: Becky Engler-Hicks

This theoretical dissertation considered the biological and psychologicalimportance of the dance between mother and infant from conception through the bonding period. It proposed a unifying dance metaphor of pre- and perinatal motherinfant alchemical dance to provide a psychological term describing their first organizing co-creative dynamics. The process of alchemical dance is postulated to be Nature?s blueprint for the initial creational unfolding of human development.

Global Perspectives: Urgency for Prenatal Education© 2007
Publication Date: 05/2007
Author(s): Author: Troya Turner

World population is predicted to leap from 6.5 billion today to 9.5 billion by 2050 AD. With increased pressures on humanity, we must find better ways to protect unborn and new born babies and their mothers from the dire consequences overshadowing our relationships before, during, and after birth. This paper explores a variety of What if... scenarios and themes. Hatred and prejudice as well as love and respect begin in pregnancy. Prenatal Education can be a key to a future sane world.

SHARING SPACE: Do Real Feminists Attachment Parent?
Publication Date: 05/2007
Author(s): Author: Erica Etelson

As attachment parenting has become more popular, many feminists condemn it as fundamentally oppressive to mothers. Their critique is based on misinterpretation and misrepresentation of attachment theory, the neuro-psychological body of research that underlies attachment parenting. In contravention of the great weight of scientific evidence, many feminists downplay the nurturance needs of young children as a defensive measure against the neo-conservative backlash against changing women's roles.

The Embryo: Memory of an Innate Biological Knowledge
Publication Date: 05/2007
Author(s): Author: Olivier Marc, Author: Varenka Marc

This article reveals the discoveries of Varenka and Olivier Marc in their research of children's drawings from around the world. Since the 1950s, Varenka and Olivier Marc have extensively collected and studied children's (from 13 months to 3 years old) drawings during their trips around the globe (40 countries). Many of the graphics amazingly portray embryonic and fetal stages of the human body. How come little ones can depict histological and anatomical stages of human intra-uterine growth?

The Function of Joy in Pregnancy
Publication Date: 05/2007
Author(s): Author: Michel Odent

This article addresses the function and value of joy in pregnancy. Beginning by addressing the lack of scientific studies of joy, moving on to discuss joy as depicted in art and poetry, then delving into scientific studies of other emotions, the author leads us through the practical applications of this knowledge to the wonderful conclusion that the function of joy in pregnancy is to protect the unborn child against the effects of the harmful stress hormones and, further, that this ultimately affects the adult individual and the culture as a whole.

What Baby Komodo Dragons, Baby Elephants, and Baby People Need
Publication Date: 05/2007
Author(s): Author: Judith Simon Prager

Based on her presentation at the APPPAH Congress in Los Angeles, February, 2007, and her experience in training doctors, nurses, and first responders how to speak in medical emergencies, Dr. Prager (2002) focuses in this article on the essential and biological nature of rapport and bonding in the socialization of mammals, from the earliest prenatal influences on, and the deleterious effects of their absence to all of society and the future.

When the Joy of the Mother is Missing - An Organic Perspective on Postpartum Depression
Publication Date: 05/2007
Author(s): Author: Marcy Axness

An adaptive lens widens the exploration of postpartum depression to include the consideration of a mother's own primal history and its resurgence through the initiation of childbirth, her preparedness to thus "meet herself" and be seen by her baby, her experience of labor, birth, and the postpartum period; implications for a healthy attachment with her child and thus that child's lifelong development; and a call to recognize postpartum non-separation as an essential protective factor against postpartum depression.

Post-traumatic Symptomatology in Parents with Premature Infants: A Systematic Review of the Literature
Publication Date: 03/2007
Author(s): Author: Thanos Karatzias

The emotional distress resulting from the experience of giving birth to a preterm infant (gestational age

Relations among Prenatal Role Quality, Life Satisfaction, and Dual-Earner Parents' Postnatal Depression
Publication Date: 03/2007
Author(s): Author: Wendy A Hall

Relations between prenatal role quality and dual-earner parents' postnatal depression are rarely studied. We prospectively examined relations among prenatal role quality, life satisfaction, and dual-earner parents' depression after the birth of their first child. Ninety-nine couples provided data between 20 and 40 weeks gestation and 8 and 10 postnatal weeks.

Sending and Receiving: Biochemical Communication of Emotions Between Prenate and Mother: A Call for Early Intervention
Publication Date: 03/2007
Author(s): Author: Frances McCulloch Doughty

This review article presents evidence for prenatal biochemical communication involving the mother, the placenta, and the prenate, and calls for prenatal intervention for at-risk dyads. The concept of prenatal biochemical communication is based on the view that the develoment of the self starts prenatally and is continuous and incremental.

The Development of Sensory Systems During the Prenatal Period
Publication Date: 03/2007
Author(s): Author: Stephanie M Foster

This paper will examine the anatomy and physiology of the development of the seven senses in utero. On the basis of this knowledge clinicians will be better able to promote more peaceful as well as enriched prenatal environments and plan interventions for children at risk for later developmental difficulties.