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The Neurological Impact of Preterm and Very Preterm Birth and Influence of IVF Pregnancies on Developmental Outcomes: A Literature Review and Case Study
Publication Date: 12/2005
Author(s): Author: Mari Fullmer

This article explores the influence on brain development, as well as the neurological and behavioral outcomes, of the preterm and very preterm infant. It also briefly covers the influence of In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF), multiple births, gestational age, and birth weight on development as well as giving a more in depth review of literature that evaluates the impact of preterm birth and very preterm birth on brain development and neurological and behavioral outcomes.

The Trend Toward Night Doulas: Exploring the Original Vision of Postpartum Doula Care
Publication Date: 12/2005
Author(s): Author: Vicky York

KEY WORDS: Doula, postpartum care, breastfeeding, parenting.

A Holistic Approach to Neonatal Resuscitation
Publication Date: 10/2005
Author(s): Author: Kathryn Landon-Malone

The emerging science of pre and perinatal psychology and developmental neuroscience suggests newborns are conscious and capable of feeling and establishing memory at birth. The science points to the potential for imprinting traumatic events at birth which may then become the foundation for future mal adaptive behavior patterns and mental illness. Pre and perinatal thought leaders are calling for new models of obstetric and neonatal care that acknowledge the consciousness and suffering of babies at the time of the trauma.

Being Pregnant: A Qualitative Study of Women's Lived Experience of Pregnancy
Publication Date: 10/2005
Author(s): Author: Toni M Armstrong

Few studies of pregnancy have been designed to include the pregnant woman's perspective. This qualitative study was conducted to explore women's perspectives of their experience of pregnancy. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 13 pregnant women (24-39 years). The analysis revealed six major themes: support during pregnancy; experience of pregnancy; finding information; changing values; model of care; and being responsible. Results suggest that women's experience of pregnancy may be enhanced offering guidance and enabling access to multiple sources of support.

Genesis of Sexual Orientation: From Plato to Dorner
Publication Date: 10/2005
Author(s): Author: Michel Odent

This article examines the genesis of sexual preference. Since human beings as a species are unique in that they have a sexual orientation toward their own gender (homosexuality) as well as the opposite sex (heterosexuality), how or where this preference begins is of interest. This paper examines the research and focuses on how and why some fetuses lack male hormones at the end of pregnancy, which along with stress responses may trigger a high level of activity in the mother's adrenal glands impacting the developing child's later sexual orientation.

Prenatal and Perinatal Psychotherapy with Adults: An Integrative Model for Empirical Testing
Publication Date: 10/2005
Author(s): Author: Bobbi Jo Lyman

This article identifies an issue within the discipline of prenatal and perinatal (PPN) psychology, namely that the field currently consists of individual practitioners' modalities without empirical validation around treatment efficacy. The goal undertaken was to integrate the PPN literature related to adult psychotherapy into a coherent and practical model to serve as a guide for students and professionals that could also be empirically tested.

The Factor Structure of the Cambridge Worry Scale in Early Pregnancy
Publication Date: 10/2005
Author(s): Author: Julie Jomeen

The current study sought to establish the psychometric properties of the Cambridge Worry Scale (CWS) in early pregnancy to determine the potential clinical usefulness of the sub-scales that comprise this measure. The CWS was administered to 129 women during early pregnancy at the antenatal booking clinic. Factor analysis revealed support for the socio-medical, health, socio-economic and relationships subscale domains. The CWS sub-scales were observed to assess dimensions distinct to those of anxiety and depression.

Birth: Hospital or Home? That is the Question
Publication Date: 05/2005
Author(s): Author: Robert J Oliver

Reflections of a practicing obstetrician on the question of hospital vs. home birth, specifically addressing the issue of increased interventions, in ways known to be traumatic to babies, that are typical of many hospital births. This increased intervention has created increasing dissatisfaction in mothers of the birth experience. The attempt is made to simplify the arguments that support home birth when compared to the hospital management of labor and birth.

KEY WORDS: homebirth, hospital birth, midwife care.

Healing and Birth
Publication Date: 05/2005
Author(s): Author: Franz Renggli

Franz Renggli, Ph.D. presents an in-depth discussion of his work as a psychoanalyst and body psychotherapist in Basel, Switzerland. This discussion is enhanced by the inclusion of several case studies.

KEY WORDS: body psychotherapy, birth psychology.

Maternal Drinking Patterns and Drug Use Increase Impact of Terrorism Among Pregnant Women Attending Prenatal Care
Publication Date: 05/2005
Author(s): Author: Marilyn W Lewis

This is the first known study of the psychosocial impact of terrorism among pregnant women. Ninety-nine women attending prenatal care in New York City were interviewed after September 11, 2001 and classified by drinking patterns. Current drinkers with a history of alcohol dependence perceived less social support following the disaster compared to other women. History of illegal drug use prior to maternal awareness of pregnancy was related to a weaker maternal-fetal bond. Greater exposure to trauma predicted stronger subjective effects and more depressive symptoms.

The Varying Behaviors of Fathers in the Prenatal Experience of the Unborn: Protecting, Loving and "Welcoming with Arms Wide Open," vs. Ignoring, Unloving, Competitive, Abusive, Abortion Minded or Aborting
Publication Date: 05/2005
Author(s): Author: John C Sonne

In this paper the author explores varying behaviors of fathers during the prenatal life of the unborn from a psychoanalytic and family system perspective, enriched by studies from the field of prenatal psychology. He suggests broadening the meaning of behavior to encompass communications that are not clearly visible, audible, or tangible, and emphasizes the importance of the communication of affect in assessing whether an expression of caring and love is genuine and sincere.

Transitioning to the West: Gender Attitudes about Contraception and Pregnancy in a Former Soviet Union Country
Publication Date: 05/2005
Author(s): Author: Anne Speckhard

Over the past 70 years former Soviet Union women have had relatively different reproductive lives and histories than their European counterparts. Since the break-up of the Soviet Union those countries that have European roots now have the possibility to transition toward a Western standard of living. Belarus is a country bordering Poland, and in three years time will likely be one of the countries just outside of the European Union borders.

Implications of Perceived Control for Recovery from Childbirth for Unplanned Cesarean, Planned Cesarean, and Vaginal Deliveries
Publication Date: 03/2005
Author(s): Author: Jennifer A Gray

This study examines relationships between perceptions of control, postpartum depression, and physiological symptoms in women who gave birth vaginally or by cesarean. Extrapolating from a cognitive framework, it was hypothesized that women who gave birth by cesarean would exhibit lower levels of perceived control and higher levels of depression and physiological symptoms as compared with women who gave birth vaginally. Results were supportive of the hypotheses, suggesting that it may be helpful to explore ways of assisting women to experience greater control over their childbirth.

Infant Feeding Decisions and Practices in the U.S. and Colombia
Publication Date: 03/2005
Author(s): Author: Angela Ramirez

Infant feeding decisions and practices were examined in a preliminary cross-cultural sample of the U.S. and Colombia using the Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA) and the Transtheoretical Model (TM) (Humphreys, Thompson & Miner, 1998) as a theoretical framework. The sample consisted of 80 participants in the third trimester of pregnancy, 40 were recruited in the U.S. and 40 in Colombia. As hypothesized, breastfeeding rates were significantly higher in Colombia than in the U.S.

Maternal Anxiety During and After Pregnancy and Infant Temperament at Three Months of Age
Publication Date: 03/2005
Author(s): Author: Robert J Coplan

The purpose of the current study was to explore associations between maternal anxiety and infant temperament. Participants (n = 60 women) completed measures of state and trait anxiety during the third trimester of pregnancy and again three months postpartum, as well as an assessment of infant temperament. Maternal trait anxiety predicted infant distress to novelty and limitations, and difficulty soothing. Antenatal state anxiety predicted less infant positive affect and lower attention-span. Postnatal state anxiety was related to infant activity level and distress to limitations.

Post-Institutionalized Adopted Children Who Seek Breastfeeding from their New Mothers
Publication Date: 03/2005
Author(s): Author: Karleen D Gribble

Reports of 32 adopted children who sought breastfeeding from their mothers are presented. Children were 8 months to 12 years at placement and sought breastfeeding from the day of placement to several years after. Some children suckled only a few times whereas others breastfed frequently over a protracted period. Suckling was comforting to children and assisted some in expressing grief over birth mother loss. Mothers felt that breastfeeding assisted in attachment development.

Postpartum Stress Symptoms and Child Temperament: A Follow-Up Study
Publication Date: 03/2005
Author(s): Author: Paola Di Blasio

The aim of this research is to investigate whether postpartum stress symptoms may persist through time and whether these symptoms may he connected to temperamental characteristics of the child. The underlying hypothesis is that child temperament may both affect stress symptom persistence and itself be a stress source for the mother.

Graduation Address Santa Barbara Graduate Institute
Publication Date: 12/2004
Author(s): Author: Allan N Schore

KEY WORDS: Prenatal and perinatal psychology, attachment, neuroscience, emotion, self-regulation, somatic psychology

Malattachment and the Self Struggle
Publication Date: 12/2004
Author(s): Author: Marcy Axness

The author's doctoral dissertation, Malattachment and the Self Struggle, offers an in-depth portrait of intergenerational attachment disruption, its relationship to depression and defensive personality disorders, and approaches to healing-all within the context of the fictional narrative of Pearl, for whom "mothering tears her open, then urges her to wholeness." This excerpt features an explanation of the effects and implications of an attuned attachment relationship between infant and caregiver, casting it as critical developmental nourishment and terming its corruption malattachment; the

On Tyrants as Abortion Survivors
Publication Date: 12/2004
Author(s): Author: John C Sonne

In this paper, an extension of an earlier paper (Sonne, 2002b), the author advances the thesis that murderous sibling rivalry, one of the psychological and social consequences of the threat of being aborted, is a major dynamic operative in "ethnic cleansing," eugenic movements, racial, religious and international conflict, mass murders, serial killings, and sometimes even in marital and parenting behavior.