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Maturation of Habituation, Sleep-Wake Cycles Before and After Birth by Ofra Lubetsky
Publication Date: 06/2016
Author(s): Author: Ofra Lubetsky

Fully human, personal, psychological, and relational life begins before birth, and constitutes the foundation for our basic feelings of security and trust. Two vital maturational/developmental processes begin before birth and continue thereafter: habituation and sleep-wake circadian cyclicity. These two processes, which are dependent on maternal-fetus/infant interaction, enable the fetus to adapt itself to extra-uterine life. Most habituation and circadian sleep-wake-rhythm studies have focused on physiological and biological characteristics.

Prenatal Depression Risk Reduction & Education Program by Jill Chasse
Publication Date: 06/2016
Author(s): Author: Jill Diana Chasse

Prenatal depression is a serious issue often overlooked by both women and their healthcare providers. Depression during pregnancy not only causes sadness for the mother, it can also have significant developmental effects on the fetus, including altering of the baby’s brain structure leading to increased vulnerability for mood disorders in the child’s future. Additionally, depression during pregnancy may cause early delivery, increasing infant morbidity and mortality.

Sharing Space: Life Before Birth: Lessons from the Womb by Bernard Levinson
Publication Date: 06/2016
Author(s): Author: Bernard Levinson

This poetic reflection comes to us from Bernard Levinson in South Africa. In this article you will be transported to an idealized womb experience, as well as being invited to reflect on ways in which this experience is unconsciously expressed in language.

Announcing Dreams: Perceived Communication with Baby-to-Be by Kimberly R. Mascaro
Publication Date: 03/2016
Author(s): Author: Kimberly R Mascaro

Investigation and insights into “announcing dreams.” This exploration of dreams which are perceived as communication with a “baby-to-be,” reports not only on the dream experiences themselves, but on the impacts of these dreams on pregnant mothers, expectant fathers, and others fortunate enough to experience this unique communication.

Maternal Fright & South Slavic Oral Memory Traditions by Danica Anderson
Publication Date: 03/2016
Author(s): Author: Danica Anderson

Danica Anderson, PhD, presents her work with South Slavic women over a ten-year period during which she investigated the devastating impacts of war on women, which has contributed to what Dr. Anderson terms “maternal fright.” In her words, “The Slavic term ‘maternal fright’ is carved from chronic wars and violence towards women and is a form of transgenerational trauma.” One more piece of the puzzle of how life experiences shape individuals, and are passed from one generation to the next. 

Microbiome and Fetus: A Relationship for Life by Janet Teodori
Publication Date: 03/2016
Author(s): Author: Janet B. Teodori

This article focuses on the burgeoning understanding of the importance of the human microbiome to our overall health, especially exploration of the microbiome’s development and functioning during the prenatal period and birth.

Using Psychodrama in Childbirth Education and Birth Psychotherapy: Birth with No Regret by Neşe Karabekir
Publication Date: 03/2016
Author(s): Author: Neşe Karabekir

Neşe Karabekir details the work of her and her husband, Dr. Hakan Coker, in Turkey (Birth with No Regret) and introduces the professional role of a birth psychologist.

Body Language and Birth Memory by Jeane Rhodes
Publication Date: 12/2015
Author(s): Author: Jeane Rhodes

Two phases of research into birth memory are presented here: 1) interviews with 2½ - 3½-year-old children re-garding their prenatal life and experience of birth, and 2) the results of dissertation research using body language to identify echoes in the body of prenatal and birth experiences.

Interview with Wendy Anne McCarty by Kate White
Publication Date: 12/2015
Author(s): Author: Kate White

Dr. Wendy Anne McCarty is a global holistic educator, mentor, and practitioner serving professionals and families. She specializes in optimizing spiritual human potential and relationships from the beginning of life and repairing early-origin patterns at any age to transform lives now. Her work draws from pre and perinatal psychology, energy psychology healing modalities, consciousness studies, and authentic spirituality. She was the co-creator and Founding Chair of the Prenatal & Perinatal Psychology Program, Santa Barbara Graduate Institute.

New Science, New Practices: Slowing Down at Birth for Vulnerable Newborns by Mary Esther Malloy
Publication Date: 12/2015
Author(s): Author: Mary Esther Malloy

Increasing attention is being given to mechanisms by which environmental influences during early critical periods in human development have the potential to affect human health and well-being over the long-run.  Appreciating how babies experience their environments during the sensitive period around birth could aid birth professionals and parents to help babies cope with and heal from adversity if it occurs.  

 

Primalhealthreserach.com vs. NIH by Michel Odent
Publication Date: 12/2015
Author(s): Author: Michel Odent

This chapter (excerpted from Dr. Odent's 2015 book, Do we need midwives?, provides an overview of the Primal Health Databank. Large-scale studies in the databank implicate the birth process and obstetric interventions in long-term outcomes, thus supporting the need for a paradigm shift

The Evolution of Mind-Body Practice in Obstetrics* by Robert Bruce Newman
Publication Date: 12/2015
Author(s): Author: Robert Bruce Newman

Though obstetrics has been dominated by medical procedures for decades, the medical paradigm has been shifting, particularly through the inclusion of mind-body medicine, and new forms of childbirth practice and care have been evolving. Mind-body practice in childbirth is seen to have developed in three distinct stages, from the mid-nineteenth century to the present.  Prenatal mind-body practices have emerged, supported by traditional meditation science and extensive contemporary research.

Children's Birth, Womb, Prelife, and Past-Life Memories by OHKADO Masayuki
Publication Date: 09/2015
Author(s): Author: OHKADO Masayuki

The aim of this article is to report the results of an Internet-based survey conducted in Japan concerning the four types of children’s memories: (i) birth memories; (ii) womb memories; (iii) life-between-life or prelife memories (memories before conception); and (iv) past-life memories. A child having one type of these memories often possesses other types (Ohkado & Ikegawa, 2014). It is expected that analyzing these four types of memories simultaneously will shed new light on children’s psychology.

Prenatal Maternal Stress: Neurological and Physiological Impacts on Offspring by Anna Humphreys
Publication Date: 09/2015
Author(s): Author: Anna Humphreys

A growing body of research indicates that high levels of prenatal maternal stress (PNMS) can have lasting negative impacts on offspring. This review examines current literature about the structural and physiological effects of gestational stress on the brain of the fetus.

The Significance of Pregnancy and Birth for Cultural Evolution by Ludwig Janus
Publication Date: 09/2015
Author(s): Author: Ludwig Janus

One of the important differences between Homo sapiens and the other primates is the condition of pregnancy and birth. Because of the upright walk and the larger brain size of Homo sapiens, the birth channel became too narrow to accommodate birth after a long pregnancy. The evolutionary solution was the shortening of human pregnancy from about 21 months to only nine months. The consequence of this was the so-called “physiological prematurity” of human newborns.

Views on Medical and Natural Birth in University Women and Men by Soliday & Mammenga
Publication Date: 09/2015
Author(s): Author: Elizabeth Soliday, Author: Stefani Mammenga

In the U.S. and other industrialized nations, the prevailing childbirth approach has been described as medicalized, a view in which safe birth is characterized as requiring specialized intervention. From the perspective that birth attitudes are largely enculturated, we assessed medical and natural birth attitudes among 1,467 nulliparous university women and men, expecting that pre-parents would endorse medical more strongly than natural birth attitudes. We analyzed data in subgroups categorized by sex, race, and future childbearing plans.

Childbirth-Related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Breastfeeding: Challenges Mothers Face and How Birth Professionals Can Support Them by Kathleen Kendall-Tackett
Publication Date: 06/2015
Author(s): Author: Kathleen Kendall-Tackett

Abstract: Birth is life-altering event. Under the best circumstances, it is a happy one. Labor and delivery can be empowering, with mothers feeling that they have accomplished something great. Unfortunately, birth can also be difficult, overwhelming, and for some, traumatic. Without intervention, childbirth-related trauma and PTSD can last for years, coloring how women feel about themselves as mothers, and potentially marring their relationships with partners and babies. Birth trauma and breastfeeding intersect in some key ways. Birth trauma can negatively impact breastfeeding.

Constructing the Self: A Neuroanthropological Account by Charles D. Laughlin
Publication Date: 06/2015
Author(s): Author: Charles Laughlin

 

Interview with William Emerson by Kerry Francis
Publication Date: 06/2015
Author(s): Author: Kerry Francis

William Emerson, PhD, is a renowned and early pioneer in the field of pre- and perinatal psychology. He practiced pre- and perinatal psychotherapy for more than 40 years, specializing in regression therapy and developing and implementing methods for treating pre- and perinatal trauma in infants, children and adults. He was the first in the world to develop treatment techniques for infants, including psychotherapeutic interventions. He is a renowned workshop leader, writer, and international lecturer and has been active in promoting research and practice in pre- and peri-natal psychology.

The Resulting Effects of In Utero Attachment on the Personality Development of an Adopted Individual by Tracy L. Carlis
Publication Date: 06/2015
Author(s): Author: Tracy L. Carlis

Abstract: A newborn separated from his mother at birth and relinquished for adoption is susceptible to a primal wounding. This construct describes the deep psychic scarring and lasting emotional impact of adoption caused by the sudden severing of the in utero bond with the biological mother. The results of the trauma are believed to be substantial and to carry major long-term developmental effects, and yet the nature of those implications remains poorly understood.

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