It is my great privilege to have been appointed as the third editor of the Pre- and Perinatal Psychology Journal (PPPJ). As an historian and professor of International Studies, I have spent several years living and working in the Middle East. At one point I visited Aphrodisias, the ancient city in Asia Minor dedicated to the goddess Aphrodite. I discovered that the Greek goddess of love was also known as Ilithyia, the goddess of childbirth. Barbara Walker maintains in her reference work The Woman's Encyclopedia of Myths and secrets that "women in childbirth prayed to Ilithyia Eleutho, the Goddess as Liberator, who freed the infant from the womb." My own liberation from the experiences of a traumatic cesarean birth began with a personal exploration of the pre- and perinatal process under the inspired guidance of Barbara Findeisen at Pocket Ranch Institute.
This issue of the PPPJ pays tribute to my editorial predecessors Thomas Verny and Charles Laughlin and to David Chamberlain, the current President of the Association for Pre- and Perinatal Psychology and Health (APPPAH). Thomas R Verny, the founder of the Journal and the sponsoring organization APPPAH, is internationally recognized for his pioneering accomplishments, including the seminal book The secret Life of the Unborn Child and (with Pamela Weintraub) the equally important work Nurturing the Unborn Child: A Nine Month Program for Soothing, Stimulating and Communicating with Your Unborn Baby. Tom is a constant inspiration to me and indeed to all who are involved in this work. David Chamberlain has made major additions to original research on the reliability of birth memory and the capabilities of unborn and newborn babies. His multiple publications include the popular book for parents, Babies Remember Birth. David's joyous spirit made my new assignment impossible to refuse. Charles Laughlin's contributions to pre- and perinatal psychology and anthropology, including the book Brain, Symbol and Experience, are as respected as his editorial expertise. Before he left for a sabbatical year among the Navajo, Charlie presented me with the great gift of his friendship and a perfectly organized editorial manual for the PPPJ. During his peregrinations across the country, he has graciously continued to assist me by phone, fax, and mail. Any errors that creep in will, alas, all too clearly be my own and I would appreciate any comments or corrections from our readers.
In this issue, the first article by David Chamberlain brings us up to date on the major evidence confirming the awareness and intelligence of the prenate. William Sallenbach, utilizing an "experimental prenatal curriculum called Bonded Beginnings" he developed in 1991, offers additional data through the case study of Claira. Clearly the issue of third party conceptions has created "a variety of profound biological, ethical, legal, and psychological problems," as Thomas R Verny contends in his article, the Stork in the Lab. In the third part of a series of articles on pre- and perinatal anthropology, Charlie Laughlin explores the issues of birth control, abortion and infanticide from a cross-cultural perspective. Finally, William Baldwin shares with us a brief case study of birth regression, and Nancy Elizabeth George reviews two books, TIl Never Do to My Kids What My Parent's Did to Me": A Guide to Conscious Parenting and The Primal Wound: Understanding the Adopted Child.
To those of you who have articles under consideration or already accepted for publication, thank you for your contributions and I appreciate working with you. If you have not yet written for the PPPJ, the editorial board not only welcomes but requests articles, research, letters to the editor, book reviews and announcements. Your participation is vital for the exchange of information and the continued publication of the Journal.
Walker, Barbara G. (1983). The Woman's Encyclopedia of Myths and secrets. San Francisco: Harper and Row.
Ruth J. Carter, Ph.D.
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