Sixty one-month-old normal infants were randomly assigned to a massage group with oil and a massage group without oil. Massage had a soothing/calming influence on the infants, particularly when given with oil. The infants who received massage with oil were less active, showed fewer stress behaviors and head averting, and their saliva cortisol levels decreased more. In addition, vagal activity increased more following massage with oil versus massage without oil.
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2. Auckett AD: Baby Massage. New York: Newmarket Press, 1981.
3. McClure VS: Infant Massage. New York: Bantam, 1989.
4. Field T, Schanberg SM, Scafidi F, Bauger CR, Vega-Lahr N, Garcia R, Nystrom J & Kuhn CM: Tactile/kinesthetic stimulation effects on preterm neonates. Pediatrics 1986; 77: 654-658.
5. Scafidi F, Field T, Schanberg S, Bauer C, Tucci K, Roberts J, Morrow C & Kuhn CM: Massage stimulates growth in preterm infants: A replication. Infant Behavior and Development 1990; 13: 167-188.
6. Field T, Scafidi F & Schanberg S: Massage of preterm newborns to improve growth and development. Pediatric Nursing 1987; 13: 385-387.
7. Wheeden A, Scafidi FA, Field T, Ironson G, Bandstra E, Schanberg S & Valdeon C: Massage effects on cocaine-exposed preterm neonates. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics 1993; 14: 318-322.
8. Scafidi F & Field T: Massage therapy improves behavior in neonates born to HIV positive mothers. Journal of Pediatric Psychology. In press, 1997.
9. Field T, Grizzle N, Scafidi F & Abrams S: Massage therapy for infants of depressed mothers. Infant Behavior and Development 1996; 19: 107-112.
10. Abrams S & Field T: Abused and neglected children gain from massage therapy. In preparation, 1997.
11. Porges SW: Method and apparatus for evaluating rhythmic oscillations in aperiodic response systems. Patent no. 4510944, 1985.
12. Adamson-Macedo EN et al: TAC-TIC therapy with high-risk, distressed preterms. Journal of Reproductive Infant Psychology 1994; 12: 249-252.
Tiffany Field, Ph.D., Saul Schanberg, Marisabel Davalos, and Julie Malphurs
Tiffany M. Field, Ph.D. is the founding Director of the Touch Research Institute of the University of Miami School of Medicine. She is a Professor of Pediatrics, Psychology and Psychiatry. Saul Schanberg is with Duke University Medical School, Marisabel Davalos and Julie Malphurs are with the Touch Research Institute. Address correspondence to Tiffany Field, Touch Research Institute, University of Miami School of Medicine, P.O. Box 016820, Miami, FL 33101.
JOURNAL OF PRENATAL AND PERINATAL PSYCHOLOGY AND HEALTH publishes research and clinical articles from the cutting edge of the science of prenatal and perinatal psychology and health. The journal, published quarterly since 1986, is dedicated to the in-depth exploration human reproduction and pregnancy and the mental and emotional development of the unborn and newborn child.