In the Western world, the beginnings of parenthood have been obscured by the pervasive materialism of medicine and psychology which doubts the cognitive status of neonates and denies the human aspects of fetal behavior. This has led to confusion about the nature of parenthood and when it begins. What is currently referred to as "early" parenting begins after birth and is at least nine months late. If discoveries in prenatal psychology are to be taken seriously, early parenting begins after conception and very early parenting begins before conception. These eras of parenting are new territories and are the first frontier of optimal human development.
APPPAH Website (1998).
Baker, J.P. and F. (1986), Conscious conception: Elemental journey through the labyrinth of sexuality. Monroe, UT: Freestone Publishing Co. and Berkeley, CA: North Atlantic Books.
Chamberlain, D.B. (1992), Babies are not what we thought: Call for a new paradigm. International Journal of Prenatal and Perinatal Studies, 4(3/4),(Autumn), 161-177.
Chamberlain, D.B. (1998), Prenatal body language: A new perspective on ourselves. Primal Renaissance: The Journal of Primal Psychology (In press).
Danna, T. (1997), The Link of Love: Evidence ofpre-birth choices (Encino, CA, P.O. Box 16963, Encino, CA 91416.
Hallett, E.B. (1995), Soul trek: Meeting our children on the way to birth (Hamilton, Montana: Light Hearts Publishing).
Hinze, S.(1997), Coming from the light: Spiritual accounts of life before birth (New York: Bantam).
Institute of Medicine (1995), The best of intentions. To obtain a copy, call (800) 624-6242.
Lafuente, M.J., Grifol, R., Segarra, J-, Soriano, et al, Effects of the firstart method of prenatal stimulation on psychomotor development: The first six months, Pre- and Perinatal Psychology Journal, 11(3), 151-162.
Manrique, B., Contasti, M., Alvaredo, M.A., et al. (1993), Nurturing parents to stimulate their children from prenatal stage to three years of age. In: Blum, T. (Ed.), Prenatal perception, learning and bonding, pp. 153-186. Berlin: Leonardo Publishers. (To order, call 714-488-9333).
Mansfield, H. (1997), Hawaii's Hana Like home visitor program: A healthy start program, Journal of Psychohistory 24(4), 332-338.
McFarland, R.B. and Fanton, J. (1997), Moving towards Utopia: Prevention of child abuse. Journal of Psychohistory 24(4), 320-331. Note also: The National Parenting Community, 2300 Kalmia Ave., Boulder, CO 80304, Robert McFarland, M.D., Director.
Moody, R. (1975), Life after life. New York: Bantam.
Newsweek (1997), Special Edition: Your Child, Spring/Summer, pp. 26, 38, 78.
Panthuraamphorn, C (1993), Prenatal infant stimulation program. In T. Blum (Ed.), Prenatal perception, learning, and bonding, 187-220. Berlin and Hong Kong: Leonardo Publishers (To order call 714-488-9333).
Sightings: Life Before Birth (1997). This television production was first shown nationally on the Fox channel in January 1996. It is now shown periodically on the Sci-Fi Channel (cable).
Sorahan, T., Lancashire, R.J., Hulten, M.A., Peck, I, and Stewart, A.M. (1997), Childhood cancer and parental use of tobacco: Deaths from 1953-1955. British Journal of Cancer, 75(1), 134-138.
Van de Carr, F.R. and Lehrer, M. (1986), Enhancing early speech, parental bonding, and infant physical development using prenatal intervention in standard obstetrical practice. Pre- and Perinatal Psychology Journal 1(1), 20-30.
David B. Chamberlain, Ph.D.
* The President's address at the 8th International Congress of APPPAH, December 4, 1997. Dr. Chamberlain may be reached at 909 Hayes Avenue, San Diego, CA 92103, or via email at email@example.com. APPPAH Web Site: http://www.birthpsychology.com