The Effects of Domestic Abuse on the Unborn Child
This paper explores the relationship of domestic violence toward a pregnant mother on the subsequent behavior of her child. Through examination of the literature on physical abuse during pregnancy a picture emerges of the fetal environment. Exposure to this environment was consistently shown to have detrimental effects in infancy and childhood and in later adult life particularly evidenced by emotional and behavioral disorders, and increased evidence of criminal and violent behavior and suicide.
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Amy L. Gilliland, B.A. and Thomas R. Verny, M.D., D Psych, FRCP(C)
Amy Gilliland, B.A. is a doula and associate of Alternative Birth Service, 1526 Vilas Ave., Madison, WI 53711-2226. Thomas R. Verny, MD, D Psych, FRCP(C) is the founder of APPPAH. He is considered one of the world's leading authorities on pre- and perinatal psychology. This paper is the result of research under his direction during the course of study in pre- and perinatal psychology he pioneered in conjunction with the Department of Human Development, Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology Program, St. Mary's University, Minneapolis. He may be contacted at 36 Madison Ave., Toronto, Ontario M5R251, Canada.