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1. Leeson CPM, Kattenhorn M, Deanfield JE, & Lucas A. Duration of breast feeding in early adult life: population based study. BMJ 2001; 322: 643-7.

2. Wilson AC, Stewart Forsyth J, Greene SA, Irvine L, Hau C, & Howie PW. Relation of infant diet to childhood health: seven year follow up of cohort of children hi Dundee infant feeding study. BMJ 1998; 316: 21-25.

3. Taittonen L, Nuutinen M, Turtinen J, & Uhari M. Prenatal and postnatal factors in predicting later blood pressure among children: cardiovascular risk in young Finns. Pediatric Research 1996; 40(4): 627-32.

4. Singhal A, Cole TJ, & Lucas A. Early nutrition in preterm infants and later blood pressure: two cohorts after randomised trials. Lancet 2001; 357: 413-419.

5. Fall CHD, Barker DJP, Osmond C, et al. Relation of infant feeding to adult serum concentration and death from ischaemic heart disease. BMJ 1992; 304: 801-5.

6. Mott GE, Jakson EM, et al. Cholesterol metabolism in adult baboons is influenced by infant diet. J Nutr 1990; 120: 243-51.

7. Nakamura Y, Oki I, Tanihara S, et al. Relationship between breastmilk feeding and atopic dermatitis in children. J Epidemiol 2000; 10: 72-78.

8. Victoria, C.G., Smith, P.G., Vaughan, J.P., et al. Evidence for protection by breastfeeding against infant deaths from infectious diseases in Brazil. Lancet, 1987; ii: 319-322.

9. Naryanan, I., et al. A planned prospective evaluation of the anti-infective property of varying quantities of expressed human milk. Paediatr. Scand. 1982; 71: 441-5.

10. Naryanan, I., et al., Randomised trial of effect of raw and Holder pasteurised human milk and formula supplements on incidence of neonatal infection. Lancet, 1984; ii: 1111-1113.

11. Gushing, A.H. & Anderson, L. Diarrhea in breastfed and non breast-fed infants. Pediatrics. 1982; 70: 921-5.

12. Saarinen, U.M. Prolonged breastfeeding as prophylaxis for recurrent otitis media. Acta Paediatr. Scand. 1982; 71: 567-71.

13. Teele, D.W., Klein, J.O. & Rosner, B. Epidemiology of otitis media during the first seven years of life in children in greater Boston: a prospective cohort study. J. Infect. Dis. 1989; 160: 83-94.

14. Timmermans, F.J.W. & Gerson, S. Chronic gramlomatous otitis media in bottle fed Inuit children. Canad. Med. Assoc. J. 1980; 122: 545-7.

15. Victoria, C.G., et al. Risk factors for deaths due to respiratory infections among Brazilian infants. Int. J. Epidemiol. 1989; 18: 918-25.

16. Pullan, C.R., et al. Breastfeeding and respiratory syncytial virus infection. Br. Med. J. 1980; 281: 1034-6.

17. Anderson, L.J., et al. Association between respiratory syncitial virus outbreaks and lower respiratory tract deaths of infants and young children. J. Infect. Dis. 1990; 161: 6406

18. Wright, A.L., et al. Breastfeeding and lower respiratory tract illness in the first year of life. Br. Med. J. 1989; 299: 946-9.

19. Cochi, S.L., et al. Primary invasive Haemophilus influenzae type b disease: a population-based assessment of risk factors. J. Pediatr. 1986; 108: 887-96.

20. Takala, A.K., et al. Risk factors of invasive Haemophilus influenzae typed b disease among children in Finland. J. Pediatr. 1989; 115: 694-701.

21. Lucas, A. & Cole, T.J. Breast milk and neonatal necrotising enterocolitis. Lancet. 1990; 336: 1519-23.

22. Pisacane, A., et al. Breastfeeding and acute appendicitis. BMJ, 1995; 310: 836-7.

23. Pisacane, A., et al. Breastfeeding and inguinal hernia. J. Pediatr., 1995; 127: 109-11.

24. Mori, M., et al. Maternal and other factors of cryptorchidism: a case control study in Japan. Kurume Med. J., 1992; 39: 53-60.

25. Pisacane, A., et al. Breastfeeding and hypertrophie pyloric stenosis: population based case- control study. BAil, 1996; 312: 745-6.

26. Pisacane A, Implagliazzo N, et al. Breastfeeding and multiple sclerosis. BMJ 1994; 308: 1411-12.

27. Mason, T., et al. Breastfeeding and the development of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. J. Rheumatology, 1995; 22: 1166-70.

28. Borch-Johnsen, K., et al. Relation between breastfeeding and incidence rates of insulin- dependent diabetes mellitus. Lancet, 1984; ii 1083-86.

29. Mayer, E.J., et al. Reduced risk of IDDM among breasted children. Diabetes, 1988; 37: 1625-32.

30. Virtaren, S.M., et al. Infant feeding in children <7 years of age with newly diagnosed IDDM. Diabetes Care, 1991; 14: 415-7.

31. Lucas, A., et al. Breast milk and subsequent intelligence quotient in children born preterm. Lancet, 1992; 339: 261-64.

32. Broad, F.E. The effect of infant feeding on speech quality. NZ Med. J. 1975; 82: 373376.

33. Rodgers, B. Feeding in infancy and later ability and attainment: a longitudinal study. Dev. Med. Child Neural., 1978; 20: 421-6.

34. Hoefer, A. & Hardy, M.C. Later development of breast and artifically fed infants. Comparison of physical and mental growth. JAMA, 1929: 92: 615-9;

35. Fergusson, D.M., et al. Breastfeeding and cognitive development in the first seven years of life. Soc. Sd. Med., 1982; 16: 1705-8.

36. Huisman M, Koopman-Esseboom C, et al. Neurological condition in 18-month-old children perinatally exposed to polychlorinated biphenyls and dioxins. Early Human Development 1995; 43: 165-76.

37. Koopman-Esseboom, C, Weiglas-Kuperus N, et al. Effects of polychlorinated biphenyl/dioxin exposure and feeding type on infants mental and psychomotor development. Pediatrics 1996; 97: 700-706.

38. Boersma ER, & Lanting CI. Environmental exposure to PCBs and dioxins. Consequences for long-term neurological and cognitive development of the child lactation. Adv Exp Med Biol 2000; 478: 271-87.

39. Jacobson JL, & Jacobson SW. Intellectual impairment in children exposed to polychlorinated biphenyls in utero. N Engl J Med 1996; 335(ll):783-9

40. United Kingdom National case-control Study group. Breastfeeding and risk of breast cancer in young women. BMJ, 1993; 307: 17-20;

41. Newcomb, P.A., et al. Lactation and a reduced risk of premenopausal breast cancer. N. Engl. J. Med., 1994; 330: 81-7.

42. Byers, T., et al. Lactation and breast cancer: evidence of a negative association in premenopausal women. Am. J. Epidemiol., 1985; 121: 664-74.

43. Odent M. The Scientification of Love. Free Association Books. London 1999.

44. Nissen E, Uvnas-Moberg K, et al. Different patterns of oxytocin, prolactin but not cortisol release during breastfeeding in women delivered by caesarean section or by the vaginal route. Early Human Development 1996; 45: 103-18

45. Zanardo V, Silvia N, et al. Labor pain effects on colostral milk beta endorphin concentrations of lactating mothers. Biology of the neonate 2001; 79 (2): 79-86.

46. Di Napier. Hands-off technique has many benefits for breastfeeding mothers. Lancet 2001; 322: 929-30.

JOURNAL OF PRENATAL AND PERINATAL PSYCHOLOGY AND HEALTH publishes research and clinical articles from the cutting edge of the science of prenatal and perinatal psychology and health. The journal, published quarterly since 1986, is dedicated to the in-depth exploration human reproduction and pregnancy and the mental and emotional development of the unborn and newborn child.

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