Perceptions of Optimal Health after Pre/Perinatal Experiences: An Exploratory Study
Objective: To describe the subjective characteristics of optimal health (OH) of persons who have done pre- and perinatal psychology study and/or experiential work around early trauma. Study Design: Quantitative 20-item forced-choice questionnaires' total scores (t test) and/or a qualitative open-ended question with the results analyzed. Participants: Sixty-nine members of APPPAH. Results: Before and after ratings were significantly different (p < .05). Qualitatively, pre- and perinatal themes were an important precursor to optimal health; and were seen as one part of a holistic view of health. Two of sixty-nine participants reported no difference. Conclusions: Meaningful life changes leading to improved health based on pre- and perinatal psychology study and/or trauma experiential work appears to be beneficial for achieving perceptions of optimal health.
Buss, D. (2000). The evolution of happiness. American Psychologist, 55(1), 15-23.
Diener, E., & Suh, E. M. (2000). Measuring subjective well-being. In E. Diener & E. M. Suh, (Eds.), Subjective well being across cultures. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Emmons, R. A. (1896). Personal strivings: An approach to personality and subjective well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 69, 1058-1068.
Fredrickson, B. L. (2000). Cultivating positive emotions to optimize health and well-being, Prevention and Treatment, 3.
Goldsmith, H. H. (1996). Studying temperament via construction of the Toddler Behavior Assessment Questionnaire. Child Development, 67(1), 218-235.
Janov, A. (1991). The new primal scream: Primal therapy 20 years on. Wilmington, DE: Enterprise Publishing, Inc.
Keller, S. E., Shiflett, S. C., Schliefer, S. J. & Bartlett, J. A. (1994). Stress, immunity, and health. In R. Glaser & J. K. Kiecolt-Glaser (Eds.), Handbook of human stress and immunity (pp. 217-244). San Diego: Academic Press.
Maslow, A. H. (1964). Religions, values, and peak-experiences. New York: Penguin Books.
Mulkana, S. & Hailey, B. (2001). The role of optimism in health-enhancing behavior. American Journal of Health Behavior, 25(4), 388-395.
Peterson, C. & Bossio, L. (2001). Optimism and physical well-being. In E. C. Chang (Ed.), Optimism & pessimism: Implications for theory, research, and practice, pp. 127-145. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association.
Pettit, J. W., Kline, J. P., Gencoz, T., Gencoz, F. & Joiner, T. E. (2001). Are happy people healthier? The specific role of positive affect in predicting self-reported health symptoms. Journal ofResearach in Personality, 35(4), 521-536.
Seligman, M. E. P. & Csikszentmihalya, M. (2000). Positive psychology: An introduction. American Psychologist, 5(1), 5-14.
Bobbi Jo Lyman, Ph.D.*
* This paper is based on a presentation made at the 10th Int. Congress of the Association for Pre- and Perinatal Psychology and Health, San Francisco, CA (December, 2001) Bobbi Jo Lyman, Ph.D. is a Clinical Psychologist. Correspondence about this article may be sent to 815 Saturn Lane NE, Bremerton, WA 98311. Email: email@example.com