This paper explores the development of beliefs during the prenatal and perinatal period and how babies portray their beliefs. Four vignettes from therapeutic work with babies illustrate the powerful impact beliefs already have in shaping their lives. Basic principles to help babies shift potentially constrictive beliefs to more life enhancing ones are included. This paper is intended as a theoretical and clinical exploration leading to new thought, research and clinical direction. This paper calls for a paradigm for infant development and communication with babies that is based on the premise that consciousness is the organizing principle of human experience. The importance of both practitioner and parent's beliefs is discussed.
Benson, H. (1996). Timeless healing: The power and biology of belief. New York: Simon and Schuster.
Bell, M.A. & Pox, N.A. (1994). Brain development over the first year of life: Relations between electroencephalographic frequency and coherence and cognitive and affective behaviors. In G. Dawson & K.W. Fischer (Eds.), Human behavior and the developing brain (pp. 93-133). New Guilford Press.
Bohm, D. (1980). Wholeness and the implicate order. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
Carman, E.M. & Carman, N. J. (1999). Cosmic cradle: Souls waiting in the wings for birth. Fan-field, Iowa: Sunstar Publishing Ltd.
Castellino, R. with Takikawa, D. & Wood, S. (1997). The caregivers' role in birth and newborn self-attachment needs. Santa Barbara, CA: BEBA. (Available through Castellino Training Seminars 805 687-2897)
Castellino, R. (2000). The stress matrix: Implications for prenatal and birth therapy. Journal of Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology and Health, 15 (4) 31-62.
Castellino, R. (2001). Paper presented at the 10th International Congress of The Association for Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology and Health, December 2001, San Francisco, CA.
Chamberlain, D. (1988). The mind of the newborn: Increasing evidence of competence. In P.G. Feder-Freybergh & M.L. Vogel (Eds.). Prenatal and perinatal psychology and medicine: Encounter with the unborn, a comprehensive survey of research and practice. Park Ridge, NJ: Parthenon.
Chamberlain, D. (1990). The expanding boundaries of memory. Pre- and Perinatal Psychology Journal, 4(3), 171-189.
Chamberlain, D. (1998). The mind of your newborn baby (3rd ed.). Berkeley, CA: North Atlantic Books.
Chamberlain, D. (1998). Prenatal receptivity and intelligence. Journal of Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology and Health, 12(3-4), 95-117.
Dossey, L. (1982). Space, time and medicine. Boston: Shambala Publications.
Dossey, L. (1989). Recovering the soul: A scientific and spiritual search. New York: Bantam.
Dossey, L. (1993). Healing words: The power of prayer and the practice of medicine. San Francisco: HarperSanFranciso.
Dossey, L. (1999). Reinventing medicine: Beyond mind-body to a new era of healing. New York: HarperSanFrancisco.
Dossey, L. (2001). Healing beyond the body: Medicine and the infinite reach of the mind. Boston: Shambala.
Emerson, W. (1989a). The power of prenatal and perinatal experience in maximizing human potential throughout life. Paper presented at the Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology Conference, Newport Beach, CA. (January).
Emerson, W. (1989b). Psychotherapy with infants and children. Pre- and Perinatal Psychology Journal, 3(3), 190-217.
Emerson, W. (1996). The vunerable prenate. Pre- and Perinatal Psychology Journal, 10 (3), 125-142.
Emerson, W. (1999). (Audiotape). Shock, a universal malady: Prenatal and perinatal origins of suffering. (Available from: www.Emersonbirthrx.com).
Klaus, M. H., Kennell, J. H. & Haus, P.H. (1995). Bonding: Building the foundations of secure attachment and independence. New York: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company.
Laibow, R. (1999). Medical applications of neurofeedback. In J. R. Evans & A. Abarbanel (Eds.), Introduction to quantitative EEG and neurofeedback. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
Lipton, B. (1998). Nature, nurture, and the power of love. Journal of Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology and Health, 13(1), 3-10.
Lipton, B. (2001). Nature, nurture and human development. Paper presented at the 10th International Congress of The Association for Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology and Health, December 2001, San Francisco, CA.
Luminare-Rosen, C. (2000). Parenting begins before conception: A guide to preparing body, mind, and spirit for you and your future child. Vermont: Healing Arts Press.
McCarty, W. (1996). Being with babies: What babies are teaching us, an introduction, 1. Goleta, CA: Wondrous Beginnings. (Available through www.wondrousbeginnings.com).
McCarty W. (1997). Being with babies: What babies are teaching us: Supporting babies' innate wisdom, 2. Goleta, CA: Wondrous Beginnings. (Available from www.wondrousbeginnings.com).
McCarty, W. (2001). (Audiotape) The power of beliefs: What babies are teaching us. Paper presented at the 10th International Congress of The Association for Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology and Health, December 2001, San Francisco, CA (Available from www.conferencerecording.com.)
Ornstein, R. & Sobel, D. (1987). The healing brain: Breakthrough discoveries about how the brain keeps us healthy. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Righard, L. & Alade, M. (1990). Effect of delivery room routines on success of first breast-feed. Lancet, 336, 1105-1107.
Robbins, J. (2000). A symphony in the brain. New York: Atlantic Monthly Press.
Rossi, E. L. (1993). The psychobiology of mind-body healing: New concepts of therapeutic hypnosis. New York: W.W. Norton.
Sills, F. (2001). Craniosacral biodynamics. Volume one: The breath of life, biodynamics, and fundamental skills. Berkeley, CA: North Atlantic Books.
Talbot, M. (1992). The holographic universe. New York: Harper Perennial.
Wade, J. (1996). Changes of mind: A holonomic theory of the evolution of consciousness. Albany, New York: State University of New York Press.
Wade, J. (1998). Physically transcendent awareness: A comparison of the phenomenology of consciousness before birth and after death. Journal of Near-Death Studies, 16(4), 249-275.
Wambach, H. (1979). Life before life. New York: Bantam Books.
Wilbur, K. (2000). Integral psychology: Consciousness, spirit, psychology and therapy. Boston: Shambala.
Wolf, S. (1950). Effects of suggestion and conditioning on the action of chemical agents in human subjects: The pharmacology of placebos. Journal of Clinical Investigation, 29, 100-109.
Wendy Anne McCarty, Ph.D.*
* This paper is based on a presentation to the 10th International Congress of APPPAH held in San Francisco, Dec. 2001. She is the founding Chair, and member of the founding faculty of the Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology Program at Santa Barbara Graduate Institute. In addition, she was the co-founder of BEBA, a non-profit clinic for therapeutic work with babies and their families. Dr. McCarty would like to thank the families whose stories are included in this paper for their participation and for permission to share their stories. Correspondence can be sent to: email@example.com.