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The psychotic individual often presents imagery, hallucinations, and behavior that reflect pre- and peri-natal stress. This paper is a phenomenological study of psychotic adults with a known history of pre- and peri-natal distress. An overall view of psychosis is described as well as the context of a therapeutic community system. The method of body therapy found to be effective with the psychotic individual is delineated and excerpts from actual interviews are included.


1. Fitzpatrick, M. (1983). A study of the thought processes and integration in nonparanoid schizophrenic individuals. Dissertation.

2. Grof, S. Birth Trauma and Its Significance for Psychiatry and Psychology, 2nd International Congress on Pre- and Peri-natal Psychology, July 26-28, 1985.

3. Orr, L., & Ray, S. (1977). Rebirthing in the New Age. Discussion of connected breathing, pp. 78-80.

Moira Pyle Fitzpatrick, Ph.D.

Moira Pyle Fitzpatrick Ph.D. is with the Hanbleceya Therapeutic Community.