Adding Comments

We invite Member's comments on any Journal issue or any individual Journal Article. You will find the space for comments at the bottom of each Journal and Article page. You can also send comments directly to the editor at: Members can also be notified of all new comments posted by updating their Notification Settings.
Publication Date: 
Page Count: 
Starting Page: 
Price: $10.00

The purpose of this phenomenological study is to better understand the impact and implications of a cesarean birth on later adult behavior patterns. A written survey was designed using Dr. William R. Emerson?s questionnaire The Evaluation of Obstetrical Trauma: A Questionnaire (1997). Forty statements were developed to represent behaviors believed to relate to birth via cesarean section. Four cesarean-born women participated in the study. Each completed the questionnaire and was interviewed by telephone about the statements she thought best applied to her experience. Three themes emerged: (a) interruption, (b) motivation to achieve, and (c) offering help even when it is not requested. This study supports research suggesting that (a) people remember birth implicitly and (b) persons born by c-section share attitudes, behaviors, and other characteristics.


Arms, S. (1994). Immaculate deception II: Myth, magic and birth. Berkley, California, Celestial Arts.

Chamberlain, D. (1988). Babies remember birth: And other extraordinary scientific discoveries about the mind and the personality of your newborn. Los Angeles: Tarcher.

Emerson, W. (1997). Birth trauma: The psychological effect of obstetrical interventions. Petaluma, CA: Emerson Training Seminars.

Emerson, W. (1998). Birth trauma: The psychological effects of obstetrical interventions. Journal of Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology and Health, 13(1), 11-44.

Emerson, W. (2001). Treating cesarean birth trauma during infancy and childhood. Journal of Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology and Health, 15(3), 177-192.

English, J. (1994). Being born caesarean: Physical and psychosocial aspects. International Journal of Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology and Medicine, 6(3), 381-394 .

Goer, H. (1995). Obstetrical myths versus research realities: A guide to the medical literature. London: Bergin & Garvey.

Martin, J. A., Hamilton, B. E., Sutton, P. D., Ventura, S. J., Menacker, E, & Kirmeyer, S. (2006). Births: Final data for 2004. National vital statistics reports, 55(1). Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics.

McCarty, W. (2002). Keys to healing and preventing foundational trauma: What babies are teaching us. Bridges-ISSSEEM Magazine, 73(4), 8-12.

Verny, T, & Kelly, J. (1981). The secret life of the unborn child. New York: Dell.

JOURNAL OF PRENATAL AND PERINATAL PSYCHOLOGY AND HEALTH publishes research and clinical articles from the cutting edge of the science of prenatal and perinatal psychology and health. The journal, published quarterly since 1986, is dedicated to the in-depth exploration human reproduction and pregnancy and the mental and emotional development of the unborn and newborn child.

Join APPPAH for unlimited access to all journals.