An Interactional Model of Maternal-Fetal Attachment was empirically studied to analyze contributions of fetal characteristics and psychoanalytic and ecological components. Ninety-nine women during their third trimester were administered questionnaires about themselves, their environment, and their fetus to identify predictors of maternal-fetal attachment. Whether the woman knew the fetus? gender and fetal age were the best predictors of the strength of maternal-fetal attachment. These data suggest that the mother?s interactions with her fetus are stronger predictors of attachment than her internal working model or her environment. The findings support an interactional model of maternal-fetal attachment.
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