Prenatal Attachment and Postnatal Infant Sleep

Issue: 
Publication Date: 
10/2008
Page Count: 
15
Starting Page: 
33
Price: $10.00
Abstract: 

This study examined the relationship between maternal prenatal attachment and postnatal infant sleep. Ninety first-time pregnant mothers, between 35 and 40 gestational weeks, completed the Prenatal Attachment Inventory (M?ller, 1989), which consists of 21 items and assesses the mother?s prenatal attachment to her fetus. After the birth of their infant, the mothers charted their infant?s sleep for three consecutive 24-hour periods when the infant was 1 week and 3 months old, using the Sleep/Activity Record (Barnard, 1999). Correlational analysis revealed that PAI scores did not correlate with either infant sleep segments or longest sustained sleep. However, the study found an inverted correlation between PAI scores and infant total sleep at one week. The study extends current literature on prenatal to postnatal continuity.

References: 

Anders, T. F. (1994). Infant sleep, nighttime relationships, and attachment. Psychiatry, 57, 11-21.

Anders, T. F., Goodlin-Jones, B. L., & Sadeh, A. (2000). Sleep disorders. In C. H. Zeanah (Ed.), Handbook of Infant Mental Health (2nd ed., pp. 326-338). New York: Guilford Press.

Anders, T. F., Halpern, L. F., & Hua, J. (1992). Sleeping through the night: A develpmental perspective. Pediatrics, 90(4), 554-560.

Anisfeld, E., & Lipper, E. (1983). Early contact, social support, and mother-infant bonding. Pediatrics, 72(1), 79-83.

Barnard, K. E. (1999). Beginning rhythms: The emerging process of sleep wake behaviors and self-regulation. Seattle: NCAST, University of Washington.

Benoit, D., Parker, K. C., & Zeanah, C. H. (1997). Mothers' representations of their infants assessed prenatally: Stability and association with infants' attachment classification. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 38(3), 307-313.

Benoit, D., Zeanah, C. H., Boucher, C., & Minde, K. K. (1992). Sleep disorders in early childhood: Association with insecure maternal attachment. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 31(1), 86-93.

Condon, J. T. (1993). The assessment of antenatal emotional attachment: Development of a questionnaire instrument. British Journal of Medical Psychology, 66, 167-183.

Condon, J. T., & Corkindale, C. (1997). The correlates of antenatal attachment in pregnant women. British Journal of Medical Psychology, 70, 359-372.

Cranley M. S. (1981). Development of a tool for the measurement of maternal attachment during pregnancy. Nursing Research, 30(5), 281-284.

Escallier, L. A. (1995). Prenatal predictors of colic: Maternal-fetal attachment, maternal state anxiety and maternal hope. Unpublished Dissertation, Adelphi University, Garden City, NY.

Field, T. (1995). Infants of depressed mothers. Infant Behavior and Development, 18, 1-13.

Fleming, A. S., Ruble, D. N., Flett, G. L., & Van Wagner, V. (1990). Adjustment in first-time mothers: Changes in mood and mood content during the early postpartum months. Developmental Psychology, 26(1), 137-143.

Fuller, J. R. (1990). Early patterns of maternal attachment. Health Care for Women International, 11, 433-446.

Gaffney K. F. (1986). Maternal-fetal attachment in relation to self-concept and anxiety. Maternal-Child Nursing Journal, 15(2), 91-101.

George, C., Kaplan, N., & Main, M. (1985). The Adult Attachment Interview. Unpublished manuscript, University of California: Berkley.

Ingerson, E. W., & Thoman, E. B. (1999). Sleep/wake states of preterm infants: Stability, developmental change, diurnal variation, and relations with caregiving activity. Child Development, 70(1), 1-10.

Jones, N. A., Field, T., Fox, N. A., Lundy, B., & Davalos, M. ( 1997). EEG activation in 1-month-old infants of depressed mothers. Development and Psychopathology 9, 491-505.

Keener, M. A., Zeanah, C. H., & Anders, T. F. (1988). Infant temperament, sleep organization, and nighttime parental interventions. Pediatrics, 81(6), 762-771.

Kemp, V. H., & Page, C. K. (1987). Maternal prenatal attachment in normal and high-risk pregnancies. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing, 16, 179-184.

Koniak-Griffin, D. (1988). The relationship between social support, self-esteem, and maternal-fetal attachment in adolescents. Research in Nursing & Health, 11, 269-278.

Leifer, M. (1977). Psychological changes accompanying pregnancy and motherhood. Genetic Psychological Monographs, 95, 55-96.

Levy-Shiff, R., Dimitrovsky, L., Shulman, S., & Har-Even, D. (1998). Cognitive appraisals, coping strategies, and support resources as correlates of parenting and infant development. Developmental Psychology, 34(6), 1417-1427.

Lindgren, K. (2001). Relationships among maternal-fetal attachment, prenatal depression, and health practices in pregnancy. Research in Nursing & Health, 24, 203-217.

Mercer, R. T., Ferketich, S., May, K., DeJoseph, J., & Sollid, D. (1988). Further exploration of maternal and paternal fetal attachment. Reseach in Nursing and Health, 11, 89-95.

Müller, M. E. (1992). A critical review of prenatal attachment research. Scholarly Inquiry for Nursing Practice: An International Journal, 6(1), 5-26.

Müller, M. E. (1993). Development of the prenatal attachment inventory. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 15(2), 199-215.

Müller, M. E. (1996). Prenatal and postnatal attachment: A modest correlation. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing, 25, 161-166.

Müller, M. E., & Ferketich, S. (1992). Assessing the validity of the dimensions of prenatal attachment. Maternal-Child Nursing Journal, 20(1), 1-10.

Rubin, R. (1984). Maternal identity and the maternal experience. New York: Springer Publishing Company.

Sher, A. (2001). Attachment and sleep: A study of night waking in 12 -month-old infants. Developmental Psychobiology, 38, 274-285.

Sher, A., Epstein, R., Sadeh, A., Tirosh, E., & Lavie, P. (1992). Toddlers' sleep and temperament: Reporting bias or a valid link? A research note. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 33(1), 1249-1254.

Sher, M. S. (1998). Understanding sleep ontogeny to assess brain dysfunction in neonates and infants. Journal of Child Neurology, 13, 467-474.

Siddiqui, A., & Hägglöf, B. (2000). Does maternal prenatal attachment predict postnatal mother-infant interaction? Early Human Development, 59, 13-25.

Siddiqui, A., Hägglöf, B., & Eisemann, M. (1999). An exploration of prenatal attachment in Swedish expectant women. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 17(4), 369-380.

St. James-Roberts, L, & Plewis, I. (1996). Individual differences, daily fluctuations, and developmental changes in amounts of infant waking, fussing, crying, feeding, and sleeping. Child Development, 67, 2527-2540.

Stern, D. (1995). The motherhood constellation. New York: BasicBooks.

Tikotzky L., & Sadeh, A. (2001). Sleep patterns and sleep disruptions in kindergarten children. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 30(4), 581-591.

Trad, P. V. (1991). Adaptation to developmental transformations during the various phases of motherhood. Journal of the American Academy of Psychoanalysis, 19(3), 403-421.

Wachter, M. P. K. (2002). Psychological distress and dyadic satisfaction as predictors of maternal-fetal attachment. Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago.

Zachariah, R. (1994). Maternal-fetal attachment: Influence of mother-daughter and husband-wife relationships. Research in Nursing and Health, 17, 37-44.

Zeanah, C. H., Benoit, D., Hirshberg, L., Barton, M. L., & Regan, C. (1994). Mothers' representations of their infants are concordant with infant attachment classifications. Developmental Issues in Psychiatry and Psychology, 1, 1-14.

Zuckerman, B., Stevenson, J., & Bailey, V. (1987). Sleep problems in early childhood: Continuities, predictive factors, and behavioral correlates. Pediatrics, 80(5), 664-671.

Related Content::