Prenatal Aspects in Alzheimer's Disease

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Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a degenerative brain disorder characterized by a global mental deterioration. Although the etiology is not yet clear, more evidence shows that a prenatal link is possible. Memory disturbances are central in AD and eventually lead to a loss of autonomy and identity. Anxiety becomes the basic feeling of AD patients, as well as experiences of mourning, loss of control, and loss of contact. In the manifest stage retrogenesis is triggered, that is, patients reverse develop and start to re-live their past. In emotional retrogenesis prenatal and perinatal themes can be re-experienced. In prenatal emotion-oriented care sensorimotor relaxation ('snoezelen') is being used to reduce anxiety. The patient is given an environment that reflects the characteristics of a womb, and the nursing staff?s approach should be to symbolize the 'good-enough' mother.

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