Pregnancy, Childbirth and Postpartum Experiences of Israeli Women in the Negev

Issue: 
Publication Date: 
10/2009
Page Count: 
23
Starting Page: 
3
Price: $10.00
Abstract: 
This study of 302 Israeli women was a secondary analysis conducted to: (1) examine the associations between negative pregnancy, childbirth, and postpartum experiences; (2) determine whether exposure to childhood sexual abuse, domestic violence and fertility problems are related to reproductive experiences and (3) identify among these variables potential predictors of negative childbirth experiences and postpartum depression (PPD). Pregnancy-related fears increased and prior fertility problems decreased the likelihood of negative childbirth experiences. The strongest predictors of a negative first childbirth experience were Caesarian section and vacuum extraction. Child sexual abuse and the number of negative childbirth experiences were significant predictors of PPD. Implications for health care providers are discussed.
References: 

Alami, K. M., Kadri, N, &. Serrada, S. (2006). Prevalence and psyehosocial correlates of depressed mood during pregnancy and after childbirth in a Moroccan sample. Archives of Women's Health, 9(6), 343-346.

Alder, J., Pink, N, Bitzer, J., Hösli, L, & Holzgreve, W. (2007). Depression and anxiety during pregnancy: A risk factor for obstetric, fetal and neonatal outcome? A critical review of the literature. Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine, 20(3), 189-209.

Alehagen, S., Wijma, B., & Wijma, K. (2006). Pear of childbirth before, during, and after childbirth. Acto Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, 85(1), 56-62.

Amir, L. H., & Cwikel, J. (2005). Why do women stop breastfeeding? A closer look at 'not enough milk' among Israeli women in the Negev Region. Breastfeeding Review, 3(3), 7-13.

Ballard, C. G., Stanley, A. K., & Brockington, I. P. (1995). Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after childbirth. British Journal of Psychiatry, 766(4), 525-528.

Beck, C. T. (1998). A checklist to identify women at risk for developing postpartum depression. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing, 27(1), 39-46.

Beck, C. T. (2001). Predictors of postpartum depression: An update. Nursing Research, 50(5), 275-285.

Bell, S., & Lee, C. (2003). Perceived stress revisited: The Women's Health Australia Project Young Cohort. Psychology, Health and Medicine, 8(3), 343-353.

Benedict, M. L, Paine, L. L., Paine, L. A., Brandt, D., & Stallings, R. (1999). The association of childhood sexual abuse with depressive symptoms during pregnancy, and selected pregnancy outcomes. Child Abuse & Neglect, 23(7), 659- 670.

Bergant, A. M., Moser, R., Heim, K, & Ulmer, H. (1998). Burden of childbirth. Archives of Women's Mental Health, 7(2), 77-81.

Bleich, A., Gelkopf, M., & Solomon, Z. (2003). Exposure to terrorism, stress -related mental health symptoms, and coping behaviors among a nationally representative sample in Israel. The Journal of the American Medical Association, 290(5), 612-620.

Bloch, M., Rotenberg, D., Koren, E., & KIien, E. (2006). Risk factors associated with the development of postpartum mood disorders. Journal of Affective Disorders, SS(I), 9 -18.

Bohn, D. K, & Holtz, K A. (1996). Sequelae of abuse: Health effects of childhood sexual abuse, domestic battering, and rape. Journal of Nurse-Midwifery, 47(6), 442-456.

Boyce, P. M., & Todd, A. L. (1992). Increased risk of postnatal depression after emergency cesarean section. Medical Journal of Australia, 757(3), 172-174.

Buist, A. (1998). Childhood abuse, parenting and postpartum depression. The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 32(4), 479 -487.

Clark, D. O., Kroenke, K., Callahan, C. M., & McDonald, C. J. (1999). Validity and utility of patient-reported health measures on hospital admission. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 52(1), 65-71.

Cohain, J. S., & Yoselis, A. (2004). Caesareans and low-risk women in Israel. Practicing Midwife, 7(7), 28-31.

Cokkinides, V. E., Coker, A. L., Sanderson, M., Addy, C., & Bethea, L. (1999). Physical violence during pregnancy: Maternal complications and birth outcomes. Obstetrics & Gynecology, 93(5), 661-666.

Cox, J. L., Chapman, G., Murray, D., & Jones, P. (1996). Validation of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) in non-postnatal women. Journal of Affective Disorders, 39(3), 185-189.

Cox, J. L., Holden, J. M., & Sagovsky R. (1987). Detection of postnatal depression. Development of the ??-item Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 750(6), 782-786.

Greedy, D. K, Shochet, I. M., & Horsfall, J. (2000). Childbirth and the development of acute trauma symptoms: Incidence and contributing factors. Birth, 27(2), 104 - 111.

Cwikel, J., & Barak, N. (2002). The health and welfare of Bedouin Arab women in the Negev. Beer-Sheva: The Center of Women's Heath Studies and Promotion, BenGurion University of the Negev.

Cwikel, J., & Barak, N. (2003). The health and welfare of Israeli women in the Negev. Beer-Sheva, Israel: The Center of Women's Heath Studies and Promotion, BenGurion University of the Negev.

Cwikel, J., Lev- Weisel, R., & Al-Krenawi, A. (2003). The physical and psychosocial health of Bedouin Arab women in the Negev area of Israel. Violence Against Women, 9(2), 240-257.

Cwikel, J., & Mendlinger, S. (2003). Origins and influences of women's health behaviors: Examining intergenerational and multi-cultural effects. Final report to the Israeli Ministry of Science, Culture and Sport. Beer-Sheva, Israel: The Center of Women's Heath Studies and Promotion, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev.

Cwikel, J., & Segal-Engelchin, D. (2005). Implications of ethnic group origin for Israeli women's mental health. Journal of Immigrant Health, 7(3), 133-143.

Dankner, R., Goldberg, R. P., Fisch, R Z., & Crum, R. M. (2000). Cultural elements of postpartum depression: A study of 327 Jewish Jerusalem women. Journal of Reproductive Medicine, 45(2), 97-104.

Dole, N., Savitz, D. A., Hertz-Picciotto, L, Siega-Riz, A. M., McMahon, M. J., & Buekens, P. (2003). Maternal stress and prêterai birth. American Journal of Epidemiology, 757(1), 14-24.

Durik, A. M., Hyde, J. S., & Clark, R (2000). Sequel of cesarean and vaginal deliveries: psychosocial outcomes for mothers and infants. Developmental Psychology, 36(2), 25 1-260.

Eilat-Ts anani, S., A. Merom, Romano, S., Reshef, ?., Lavi, L, & Tabenkin, H. (2006). The effect of postpartum depression on women's consultations with physicians. The Israel Medicine Association Journal, 8(6), 406-10.

Fenwick, J., Hauck, Y., Downie, J., & Butt, J. (2005). The childbirth expectations of a selfselected cohort of Western Australian women. Midwifery, 27(1), 23-35.

Fisch, U.Z., Tadmor, O.P., Dankner, R., & Diamant, YZ. (1997). Postnatal depression: A prospective study of its prevalence, incidence and psychosocial determinants in an Israeli sample. Journal of Obsterics and Gynaecology Research, 23(6), 547-554.

Fisher, C., Hauck, Y., & Fenwick, J. (2006). How social context impacts on women's fear of childbirth: A western Australian example. Social Science & Medicine, 63(1), 64-75.

Florica, M., Stephansson, O., & Nordström, L. (2006). Indications associated with increased cesarean section rates in a Swedish hospital. International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics, 92(2), 181-185.

Gazmararian J. A., Petersen, R, Spitz, A. M., Goodwin, M. M., Saltzman, L. E., & Marks, J.S. (2000). Violence and reproductive health: Current knowledge and future research directions. Maternal and Child Health Journal, 4(2), 79-84.

Glasser, S., & Barell, V. (1999). Depression scale for research in and identification of postpartum depression. Harefua, 736(10), 764-8. (Hebrew)

Glasser, S., Barell, V., Shoham, A., Ziv. A., Boyko, V., Lusky, A., & Hart, S. (1998). Prospective study of postpartum depression in an Israeli cohort: Prevalence, incidence and demographic risk factors. Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology ,79(3),155-164.

Gross, R., & Brammli-Greenberg, S. (2000). The health and welfare of women in Israel: Findings from a national survey. Jerusalem, Israel: JDC-Brookdale Institute.

Gupton, A., Heaman, M., & Wang-Kit Cheung, L. (2001). Complicated and uncomplicated pregnancies: Women's perception of risk. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing, 30(2), 192-201.

Halbreich, U., & Karkun, S. (2006). Cross-cultural and social diversity of prevalence of postpartum depression and depressive symptoms. Journal of Affective Disorders, 91(2), 97-111.

Hauck, Y., Fenwick, J., Downie, J., & Butt, J. (2007). The influence of childbirth expectations on Western Australian women's perceptions of their birth experience. Midwifery, 23(3), 235-247.

Heaman, M., Gupton, A., & Gregory, D. (2004). Factors influencing pregnant women's perceptions of risk. The American Journal of Maternal /Child Nursing, 29(20), 111-116.

Hedegaard, M., Henriksen, T. B., Secher, N. J., Hatch, M. C., & Sabroe, S. (1996). Do stressful Ufe events affect duration of gestation and risk of prêterai delivery? Epidemiology, 7(4), 339-345.

Heimstad, R., Dahloe, R., Laache, L, Skogvoll, E., & Schei, B. (2006). Fear of childbirth and history of abuse: implications for pregnancy and delivery. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, 85(4), 435-440.

Heron, J., O'Connor, T., Evans, J., Golding, J., Glover, V. and the ALSPAC Study Team. (2004). The course of anxiety and depression through pregnancy and the postpartum in a community sample. Journal of Affective Disorders, SO(I), 65-73.

Hofberg, K, & Ward, M. R. (2003). Fear of pregnancy and childbirth. Postgraduate Medical Journal, 79(935), 505-510.

Jacobs, J. (1992). Child sexual abuse victimization and later sequelae during pregnancy and childbirth. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, 7(1), 103-112.

Janssen, P. ?., Holt, V. L., Sugg, N. K, Emanuel, L, Critchlow, C. M., & Henderson, A. D. (2003). Intimate partner violence and adverse pregnancy outcomes: A populationbased study. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 188(5), 1341-1347.

Jasinski, J. L. (2004). Pregnancy and domestic violence: A review of the literature. Trauma,Violence, & Abuse, 5(1), 47-64.

Jossefsson, A., Anglesioo, L, Berg, G., Ekstrom, C.M., Gunnervikl, C., Nordin, C., & Sydsjo, G. (2002). Obstetric, somatic and demographic risk factors for postpartum. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 99(2), 223-228.

Koo, V., Lynch, J., & Cooper, S. (2003). Risk of postnatal depression after emergency delivery. Journal of Obstetrical and Gynecological Research, 29(4), 246-250.

Krueger, A. B., & Stone, A. A. (2008). Assessment of pain: a community-based diary survey in the USA. Lancet, 377(9623), 1519-1525.

Kuh, D., & Hardy, R. (2002). A life course approach to women's health: Does the past predict the present? In D. Kuh & R, Hardy (Eds.), A life course approach to women's health. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Leeners, B., Richter-Appelt, H., Imthurn, B., & Rath, W. (2006). Influence of childhood sexual abuse on pregnancy, delivery, and the early postpartum period in adult women. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 61(2), 139-151.

Lyons, S. (1998). A prospective study of post traumatic stress symptoms one month following birth in a group of 42 first-time mothers. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 16(2), 91-105.

Manakota, D., Braverman, N., Sudari, I., Grosman, A., Brazis, M., Laufer, N., et al., (2008). Survey of obstetric healtkcare services in Israel. Jerusalem: Israel: Ministry of Health. (Hebrew)Maslovitz, S., Kupfermine, M. J., Lessing, J. B., & Many, A. (2005). Perinatal outcome among non-residents in Israel. The Israel Medicine Association Journal, 7(5), 315-319.

Matthey, S., Henshaw, C., Elliot, S., & Baraett, B. (2006). Variability in use of cut-off scores and formats on the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale- implication for clinical and research practice. Archives of Women's Mental Health, 9(6), 300- 315.

Maughan, B. (2002). Depression and psychological distress: A life course perspective. In D. Kuh & R Hardy (Eds.), A life course approach to women's health (pp. 161- 171). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Melender, H-L. (2002). Experiences of fears associated with pregnancy and childbirth: A study of 329 pregnant women. Birth, 29(2), 101-111.

Montazeri, A., Torkan, B. & Omidavri, S. (2007). The Edinbrugh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS): Translation and validation study of the Iranian version. Biomedicai Central Psychiatry, 7(4), 11.

Monti, R, Agostini, R, Ragandini, P., La Sala, G. B., & Blickstein, I. (2009). Depressive symptoms during late pregnancy and early parenthood following assisted reproductive technology. Fertility and Sterility, 91(3), 851-857.

Mulder, E. J. H., Robles de Medina, P. G., Huizink, A. C., Van den Bergh, B. R. H., Buitelaar, J. K., Visser, G. H. A. (2002). Prenatal maternal stress: effects on pregnancy and the (unborn) child. Early Human Development, 70(1), 3-14.

Negev Development Authority. (1998). Statistical yearbook of the Negev. No. 5. Beer Sheva, Israel. (Hebrew)

Negev Development Authority. (2007). Statistical yearbook of the Negev. Beer Sheva, Israel. (Hebrew)

Nielsen Rorman, D., Videbech, P., Hedegaard, M., Dalby Salvig, J., & Secher, N. J. (2000). Postpartum depression; Identification of women at risk. British Journal of Obsterics and Gynaecology, 107(10), 1210-1217.

Oddens, B. J., Tonkelaar, I., & Nieuwenhuyse, H. (1999). Psychosocial experiences in women facing fertility problems - a comparative survey. Human Reproduction, 14(1), 255-261.

Patel, R. R., Murphy, D. J., & Peters, T. J. (2005). Operative delivery and postnatal depression: A cohort study. British Journal of Medicine, 330(7496), 879-881.

Pearlin, L. L, & Skaff, M. M (1996). Stress and the Ufe course: A paradigmatic alliance. Gerontologist, 36(2), 239-247.

Rich-Edwards, J. (2002). A Ufe course approach to women's reproductive health. In D. Kuh & R. Hardy (Eds.), A life course approach to women's health (pp. 23-43). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Righetti-Veltema, M., Conne-Perreard, E., Bousquet, ?., & Manzano, J. (1998). Risk factors and predictive eigne of postpartum depression. Journal of Affective Disorders, 49(3), 167-180.

Robertson, E., Grace, S., Wallington, T., & Stewart, D. E. (2004). Antenatal risk factors for postpartum depression: A synthesis of recent literature. General Hospital Pychiatry, 26(4), 289-295.

Saisto, T., & Halmesmaki, E, (2003). Pear of childbirth: A neglected dilemma. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, 82(3), 201-208.

Saisto, T., Salmela-Aro, K., Nurmi, J. E., & Halmesmaki, E. (2001). Psychosoeial predictors of disappointment with delivery and puerperal depression: A longitudinal study. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, SO(I), 39-45.

Sheiner, E., Levy, A., Tehilla, S. M., Silverberg, D., Katz, M., & Mazor, M. (2004). Maternal obesity as an independent risk factor for caesarean delivery. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, 78(3), 196-201.

Soet, J. E., Brack, G. A., & Dilorio, C. (2003). Prevalence and predictors of women's experience of psychological trauma during childbirth. Birth, 30(1), 36-46.

Tsui, M. H., Pang, M. W., Melender, H-L., Xu, L., Lau, T. K, & Leung, T. N. (2006). Maternal fear associated with pregnancy and childbirth in Hong Kong Chinese women. Women & Health, 44(4), 79-92.

Tuohy, A., & McVey, C. (2008). Experience of pregnancy and delivery as predictors of postpartum depression. Psychology, Health & Medicine, 73(1), 43 - 47.

Verkerk, G. J., Pop, V. J., Van son, M. J., & Van Heck, G. L. (2003). Prediction of depression in the postpartum period: a longitudinal follow-up study in high-risk and low-risk women. Journal of Affective Disorders, 77(2). 159-166.

Wiener, K L., Parry, B. L., & Piontek, C. M (2002). Postpartum depression. The New England Journal of Medicine, 347(3), 194-199.