Adding Comments

We invite Member's comments on any Journal issue or any individual Journal Article. You will find the space for comments at the bottom of each Journal and Article page. You can also send comments directly to the editor at: journal.editor@birthpsychology.com. Members can also be notified of all new comments posted by updating their Notification Settings.
Issue: 
Publication Date: 
12/2009
Page Count: 
29
Starting Page: 
99
Price: $10.00
Abstract: 
In this paper, I will trace Ancient European Symbols of Pregnancy and Fertility from pre-history to early Christian times. Whether ancient female images represented goddesses or not, is not under discussion here. I will explore the possibility that symbols of pregnancy and fertility take on a purpose beyond self-expression, art, or worship and suggest the plausibility of pedagogical purposes in a pre-literate world. By including symbols, I also hope to show how some the roots of our modern alphabet go back to pre-history, and speak of the sacred sciences of birth.
References: 

Achterberg, J. (1985). Imagery in healing. Boston: Random House.

Alhamedi. (2009, January 17). Give me a child... Retrieved January 18, 2009, from The Religious Policeman: http://muttawa.blogspot.eom/2 006/0 1/give-me-child.html

Amissah, E. (2008, November 8). West African Images used for pre and perinatal issues . (W. Taylor, Interviewer).

Ansa, T E. (2008, November 21). Ghane se folk traditions. (W Taylor, Interviewer)

Apollodorus, & Hyginus. (2007). Apollodorus1 Library and Hyginus1 Fabulae: Two handbooks of Greek mythology. (R. S. Smith, & S. M. Trzaskoma, Trans.) Indianapolis: HJackett Publishing.

Arab, S. M. (2008, March 25). Medicine in ancient Egypt 1. Retrieved November 22, 2008, from Arab World Books: http://www.arabworldbooks.com/articles8.htm

Armpits, H. (n.d.). Trying to concieve. Retrieved January 10, 2009, from Mothering dot Community: http ://www.mothering.com/discus sions/archive/index . php/t - 64 1 65 9 .html

Baring, A, & Cashford, J. (1993). The myth of the goddess, evolution of an image. London: Penguin.

Bednark, R. G. (2003). A figurine from the African Acheulian. Current Anthropology, 44(3), 405-413.

Brash, R. R. (1875). The Ecclesiastical Architecture of Ireland; to the close of the twelfith century accompanied by interesting historical and antiquarian notices of ancient remains of that period. London: Simpkin, Marshal, & Co.

Caputi, J. (2002). The naked goddess: Pornography and the sacred, Theology and Sexuality, 9(1), 180-200.

Clibborn, E. (1840-1844). On an ancient stone image presented to the Academy by Charles Halpin, MD. PRIA, 1(2), 566.

Curry, A. (2008, November). Gobekli Tepe: The world's first temple? Retrieved December 9, 2008, from Smithsonian.com: http://www.smithsonianmag.com/historyarchaeology/gobekli-tepe.html?c=y&page=l#

Dunham, C. (1992). Mamatoto: A celebration of birth. New York: Viking Penguin.

Encyclopedia of World Biography. (2008). Agnodice biography. Retrieved December 12, 2008, from Book Rags: http://www.bookrags.com/biography/agnodice/

Freitag, B. (2004). Sheela-na-gigs: Unravelling an enigma. New York: Routledge.

Gadon, E. (1989). The once and future goddess. San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco/A Division of Harper Collins Publishers.

Gimbutas, M. (1989). The language of the goddess. San Francisco: Harper & Row.

Goltz, M. (2009, February Q). Orthodox icons - Why are orthodox churches full of icons? Retrieved February 6, 2009, from Michael Goltz Icons: http ://wwwmichaelgoltzicons .com/why-are-orthodox-churches -full/

Guest, E. (1936). Irish Sheela-na-gigs in 1935. IRSAL, 66, 107-29.

Gwydion. (2009, January 23). Brigid - The Goddess of Imbolc and Celtic Europe. Retrieved February 4, 2009, from Real Magick the Occult Library: http://www.realmagick.com/articles/07/1807.html

Haverfield, F (1913). Ancient town-planning. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Heath, D. (2009, February 6). Aine. Retrieved February 6, 2009, from Clannada na Gadelica: http://www.clannada.org/gods_aine .php

Jung, C. (1990). Symbols of transformation. [Sl] Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.

KaIfT, D. (2003). Sandplay: A psychotherapeutic approach to the psyche. Cloverdale: Temenos Press.

Littleton, C. S. (2002). Mythology: The illustrated anthology of world myth and storytelling. San Diego: Thunder Bay Press.

Lyons, A. L. (2004). Irregular connections: A history of anthropology and sexuality. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press.

Maiden, A. H. (1997). Celebrating a return to earth in indigenous aboriginal, Tibetan, Balinese, Basque, and Cherokee Cultures. Journal of Prenatal & Perinatal Psychology & Health, 11(4), 251-264.

Marshack, A. (1972). The roots of civilization. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson.

Maslow, A. (1999). Toward a psychology of being. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Matthews, T. (1993). The clash of gods: A reinterpretation of early Christian art. Princeton: PrincetonUniversity Press.

Moszynski, K. (1934). Kultura ludowa Slowian 2 (Vol. quoted in Gimbutas M. 1989). Warsaw: Ksiazka i Wiedza.

Muktananda, S. (1980). Meditate. New York: State University of New York Press.

Mulcahy, J., & Cross, A. P. (1956). Mary the D awn- Gre go ri an Tone 4. Pius X Hymnal. Boston: McLaughlin & Reilly.

Muten, B. (2003). Goddesses: A world of myth and magic. Cambrige: Barefoot Books.

Oaklander, V. (1988). Windows to our children. Highland: The Center for Gestalt Development.

Panthuraamphorn, C. (1998). Prenatal infant stimulation program. Journal of Prenatal & Perinatal Psychology & Health, 12(S), 135-161.

Pottle, F. A. (Ed.). (1953). Boswell on the grand tour: Germany and Switzerland (1764). London: William Heinemann.

Schmitz, L. (1875). Brauronia. InW. Smith, A dictionary of Greek and Roman antiquities (p. 214). London: John Murray.

Settle, C. ( 1993). The way of the animal powers (Part 1) - Joseph Cambell. InA Baring, & J Cashford, The myth of the goddess: Evolution of an image (p. 3). London: Arkana -Pewnguin Press.

Stone Age Art. (n.d.). Retrieved December 5, 2008, from http ://www. visual-art scork.com/ancient-art/stone-age.htm

Taylor, D. (2007, December 20). Practices of BACA. (W Taylor, Interviewer)

The Goddess as my Muse. (2008). Airmid - Cdeltic Goddess of Healing. Retrieved December 12, 2008, from A Journal of a Poet - The Goddess as my Muse: http ://w WW. ange lfire .com/journal/of apoet/airmid.html

Unknown. (2006, November 19). Alphabet A. Retrieved February 6, 2009, from Resurect Isis : http ://www.resurrectisis.org/AlWebPage .htm

Walker, B. (2001). I" Ching of the goddess. Gloucester: Fair Winds.

Watkins, M., & Shulman, H. (2008). Towards psychologies of liberation. New York: Palgrave MacMillan.

Weir, A., & Jerman, J. (1986). Images of lust: Sexual carvings on medieval churches. London: B. T Batsford LTD.