Publication Date: 
Page Count: 
Starting Page: 
Price: $10.00
Most literature suggests the importance of social support during the pregnancy. This research utilized the Spearman's rho coefficient, which was calculated between the Maternity Social Support Scale (MSSS) score and the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) score, as well as Prenatal Attachment Inventory (PAI) score. The results confirm that during the pregnancy a high social support level is associated with a low depression level and a high social support level is associated with a high prenatal attachment level. Therefore, these results are significant, especially for maternity wellbeing promotion programmes.

Barnet, B., Joffe, A., Duggan, A. K., Wilson, M. D., & Repke, J. T. (1996). Depressive symptoms, stress, and social support in pregnant and postpartum adolescents. Archives of Paediatric and Adolescent Medicine, 150(1), 64-69.

Broom, B. L. (1994). Impact of marital quality and psychological well-being on parental sensitivity. Nursing Research, 43, 138-143.

Caplan, G. (1974). Support systems and community mental health: lectures on concept development. New York: Behavioral Publications.

Cardinali, G., & Guidi, G. (1992). La coppia in crisi di gravidanza. Sulla necessità di ripensare l'intervento istituzionale. Terapia Familiare, 38.

Cassel, J. (1976). The contribution of the Social Environment to Host Resistance. American Journal of Epidemiology, 104, 107-123.

Collins, N. L. (1993). Social support in pregnancy: psychosocial correlates of birth outcomes and postnatal depression. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65, 1243-1258.

Condon, J. T., & Corkindale, C. (1997). The correlates of antenatal attachment in pregnant women. Journal of Medical Psychology, 70, 359-372.

Cramer, B. (Ed.) (1999). Que deviendront nos bébés? Paris: Odile Jacob.

Cranley, M. S. (1981). Development of a tool for the measurement of maternal attachment during pregnancy. Nursing research, 30(5), 281-284.

Cranley, M. S. (1984). Social support as a factor in the development of parents' attachment to their unborn. Birth Defects: Original Article Series, 30, 99-124.

Da Costa, D., Larouche, J., Dritsa, M. & Brender W. (1999). Variations in stress levels, over the course of pregnancy: factors associated with elevated hassles, state anxiety and pregnancy-specific stress. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 47, 609-621.

Dabrassi, F., & Imbasciati, A. (2008). Il supporto psicoterapeutico alle gestanti e alla madre/neonato. In A. Imbasciati, C. Cristini, F. Dabrassi, & C. Buizza (Eds.). Psicoterapie: orientamenti e scuole. Scienza, misconoscenza e caos nell'artigianato delle psicoterapie. (pp. 155-167). Torino: Centro Scientifico Editore.

Dabrassi, F., Della Vedova, A. M., & Imbasciati, A. (2007). A quali donne sono diretti i corsi di accompagnamento alla nascita? Esperienza dell'Ulss20 di Verona. Notiziario dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità, inserto BEN Bollettino Epidemiologico Nazionale, 20(10), on-line, ottobre.

Dabrassi, F., Imbasciati, A., & Della Vedova, A. M. (2009). Il supporto sociale in gravidanza: validazione e valutazione dello strumento. Giornale di psicologia, 3(2), 141-151.

Delassus, J. M. (Ed.) (1995). Il senso della maternità. Roma: Borla, 2000.

Della Vedova, A. M. (2005). Il costrutto dell'"attaccamento prenatale": una rassegna sulle attuali conoscenze. Imago, 4, 341-359.

Della Vedova A. M., Dabrassi F., Ducceschi, B., Cena, L., Lojacono, A., Vitali, E., De Franceschi, L., Guana, M., Bianchi, U. A., & Imbasciati A. (2007). L'approccio multidisciplinare alla nascita. Nascere, 100, 13-16.

Della Vedova, A. M., Dabrassi, F., & Imbasciati, A. (2008). Assessing prenatal attachment in an Italian women sample. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 26(2), 86-98.

Elsenbruch, S., Benson, S., Rücke, M., Rose, M., Dudenhausen, J., Pincus-Knackstedt, M.K., Klapp, B.F., & Arck P.C. (2006). Social support during pregnancy: effects on maternal depressive symptoms, smoking and pregnancy outcome. Human Reproduction, 22(3), 869-877.

Fava, G. A. (1981). Versione italiana del CES-D per la valutazione degli stati depressivi. Firenze: Organizzazioni Speciali.

Fuller, J. (1990). Early pattern of maternal attachment. Health Care of Women International, 11, 433-446.

Fuller, S., Moore, L., & Lester, J. (1993). Influence of family functioning on maternal-fetal attachment. Journal of Perinatology, 13, 453-460.

Goldstein, L. H, Diener, M. L., & Mangelsdorf, S.C. (1996). Maternal characteristics and social support across the transition to motherhood: associations with maternal behavior. Journal of Family Psychology, 10, 60-71.

Han, K. E. (2002). The Relationship of Maternal Self-esteem and Maternal Sensitivity with Mother-Infant Attachment. Seoul: Unpublished Master's Thesis, Hanyang University.

Imbasciati, A., Dabrassi, F., & Cena, L. (Eds.) (2007). Psicologia clinica perinatale. Vademecum per tutti gli addetti alla nascita (genitori inclusi). Padova: Piccin.

Kitamura, T., Sugawara, M., Sugawara, K., Toda, M. A., & Shima, S. (1996). Psychosocial study of depression in early pregnancy. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 168, 732-738.

Kivijarvi, M., Raiha, H., Virtanen, S., Lertola, K., & Piha, J. (2004). Maternal sensitivity behavior and infant crying, fussing and contented behavior: the effects of mother's experienced social support. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 45(3), 239-246.

Mercer, R. T., & Ferketich, L. S. (1990). Predictors of parental attachment during early parenthood. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 15, 268-280.

Mosack, V., & Schore, E. R. (2006). Screening for depression among pregnant and postpartum women. Journal of Community Health Nursing, 23(1), 37-47.

Müller, M. E. (1993). Development of the Prenatal Attachment Inventory. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 15(2), 199-215.

Müller, M. E. (1996). Prenatal and postnatal attachment: A modest correlation. Journal of Obstetric, Gynaecologic and Neonatal Nursing, 25, 161-166.

Norbeck, J. S., DeJoseph, J. F., & Smith, R. T. (1996). A randomized trial of an empirically derived social support intervention to prevent low birthweight among African American women. Social Science Medicine, 43, 947-954.

Nuckolls, K. B., Cassel, J., & Kaplan, B. H. (1972). Psychosocial assets, life crisis and the prognosis of pregnancy. American Journal of Epidemiology, 95, 431-441.

Nunnally, J. C., & Bernstein, I. H. (1994). Psychometric theory. New York: McGraw Hill.

Prezza, M., & Principato, C. (2002). La rete sociale e il sostegno sociale. In M. Prezza, & M. Santinello (Eds.). Conoscere la comunità, (pp. 193-233). Bologna: Il Mulino.

Raynor, M. (2006). Pregnancy and Puerperium: the social and psychological context. Psychiatry, 5, 1-4.

Salisbury, A., Law, K., LaGasse, L., & Lester, B. (2003). Maternal-fetal attachment. The Journal of the American Medical Association, 289(13), 1701.

Shin, H., Park, Y.J., & Kim M. J. (2006). Predictors of maternal sensitivity during the early postpartum period. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 55(4), 425-434.

Siddiqui, A., & Hagglof, B. (2000). Does maternal prenatal attachment predict postnatal mother-infant interaction? Early Human Development, 59(1), 13-25.

Stern, D. N. (Ed.) (1995). The motherhood constellation. A unified view of parent-infant psychotherapy. New York: Basic Books.

Teti, D. M., & Gelfand, D. M. (1991). Behavioral competence among mothers of infants in the first year: The mediational role of maternal self-efficacy. Child development, 62, 918-929.

Van der Vijver, F., & Leung, K. (1997). Method and Data Analysis for Cross-Cultural Research. London: SAGE Publications.

Webster, J., Linnane, J. W. J., Dibley, L. M., Hinson, J. K., Starrenburg, S. E., & Roberts, J. A. (2000). Measuring Social Support in Pregnancy: can it be simple and meaningful? Birth, 27(2), 97-101.

Wilson, L. M., Reid, A. J., Midmer, D. K., Biringer, A., Carroll, J. C., & Stewart, D. E. (1996). Antenatal psychosocial risk factors associated with adverse postpartum family outcomes. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 154, 785-799.

Wilson, M. E., White, M. A., Cobb, B., Curry, R., Greene, D., & Popovich, D. (2000). Family dynamics, parental-fetal attachment and infant temperament. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 31, 204-210

APPPAH 2016 Regional Conference

Registration is now open.
more info...

Featured Free Article

Visit Us on Social Media

Inspiring Stories

Latest Journal