In recent decades perinatal clinical psychology and infant research has shown how neurological maturation of the newborn and infant brain is due to learning from maternal care: properties of baby’s mind development are conditioned by maternal care, and the baby’s primary mental development conditions the future child and adult mental development. Research has also shown that maternal care may be modulated by childbirth pain. The experience of pain may increase and enrich maternal care, and its suppression may depress the mother’s ability in maternal care. But when pain is not borne well by the woman it has unfavorable consequences for both mother and baby. Here derives an obstetric problem: when should childbirth pain be deadened or suppressed? What analgesia should be used? Psychological studies of childbirth pain and its consequences in maternal care may be important in predicting mind development and providing for babies at risk, when we observe inadequate or pathogenic maternal care. Our study reviews the literature on childbirth pain in order to analyse its heterogeneous or contradictory aspects, due to difficulties in setting adequate methodological measures of childbirth pain.
Battagliarin, G. (1999). Psicoprofilassi e dolore del parto (Psychoprophylaxis and pain of childbirth). In M. Farinet (Ed.), I grandi temi della psicoprofilassi negli anni '90 (The major themes of psychoprophylaxis in the 90s). Milano: Ed. Progetto.
Boncinelli, E. (1999). C'è dolore e dolore (There is pain and pain). Nascere, 3, 5-6.
Charlton, E.J. (2005). Core Curriculum for Professional Education in Pain. Seattle: IASP Press.
Clark, W.C., Yang, J.C., Tsui, S.L., Ng, K.F., & Bennett Clark S. (2002). Unidimensional pain rating scales: a multidimensional affect and pain survey (MAPS) analysis of what they really measure. Pain, 98, 241-247.
De Benedittis, G. (2000). Emozione e dolore. In M.A. Tiengo (Ed.), Il dolore e la mente (Pain and the mind) pp. 17-40. Milano: Springer Italia.
Farinet, M. (1999). I grandi temi della psicoprofilassi negli anni '90 (The major themes of psychoprophylaxis in the 90s). Milano: Ed. Progetto.
Goldstein-Ferber, S., & Feldmann, R. (2005). Delivery pain and the Development of mother-infant Interaction. Infancy, 8(1), 43-62.
Hiltunen, P., Raudaskoski, T., Ebeling, H., & Moilanen, I. (2004). Does pain reliefs during delivery decrease the risk of postnatal Depression? Acta Obstetric Gynecology Scandinavia, 83, 257-261.
Hodnett, E.D. (2002). Pain and women's satisfaction with the experience of childbirth: A systematic review. American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology, 186(5), 160-172
Hofer, M.A. (1983a). The mother-infant interaction as a regulator of infant physiology and behaviour. In L. Rosenblum & H. Moltz (Eds.), Symbiosis in Parent-Offspring Interactions. New York: Plenum.
Hofer, M.A. (1983b). On the relationship between attachment and separation processes in infancy. In R. Plutchik, H. Kellermann (Eds.), Emotion: theory, research and experience. New York: Academic Press.
Hofer, M.A. (1984). Relationships as regulators: a psychobiologic perspective on bereavement. Psychosomatic Medicine, 46, 183-197.
Imbasciati, A. (1986). I grandi temi della ricerca. Vol. II: Istituzioni di psicologia (Major topics of research: Introduction to psychology). Torino: UTET Libreria.
Imbasciati, A. (2004). A theoretical support for transgenerationality Psychoanalytic Psychology, 21, 83-98.
Imbasciati, A. (2005). Psicoanalisi e cognitivismo (Psychoanalysis and cognition). Roma: Armando.
Imbasciati, A. (2006a). Il sistema protomentale (The protomental system). Milano: LED.
Imbasciati, A. (2006b). Constructing a mind: A new basis for psychoanalytic theory. London: Brunner & Routledge.
Imbasciati, A. (2008a). La mente medica (The medical mind). Milano: Springer Verlag.
Imbasciati, A. (2008b). Le cure materne: matrice dello sviluppo del futuro individuo (Maternal care: The development of individual matrix). Nascere, 104, 4-10.
Imbasciati, A. (2010). Cure materne e sviluppo del futuro individuo (Maternal care: The development of future individual matrix). Nascere, 2, 3-10.
Imbasciati, A., & Cena, L. (2010). I bambini e i suoi caregivers (Children and their caregivers). Roma: Borla.
Imbasciati, A., & Dabrassi, F. (2010). Dolore nel parto, cure materne, sviluppo del futuro individuo: ipotesi per la rilevazione di indici predittivi (Pain in childbirth, maternal care, the future development of the individual: A hypothesis for the detection of predictive indicators). Minerva Psichiatrica, in press.
Imbasciati, A., Dabrassi, F., & Cena, L. (2007). Psicologia clinica perinatale (Perinatal Clinical Psychology). Padova: Piccin.
Kanizsa, G. (1961). Cosa si intende per percezione (What is perception). Rivista di psicologia, LV(4), 271-276.
Kanizsa, G. (1980). La grammatica del vedere (The grammar of seeing). Bologna: Il Mulino.
Kumar, S., Tandon, O.P., & Mathur, R. (2002). Pain measurement: a formidable task. Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology, 46, 396-406.
Lieberman, E., & O'Donoghue, C. (2002). Unintended effects of epidural analgesia during labor: a systematic review. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 186, S31-68.
Lowe, N.K. (2002). The nature of labor pain. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 186(5), S16-24.
McCrea, B.H., & Wright, M.E. (1999). Satisfaction in Childbirth and perception of personal control of Pain during labor. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 29(4), 877-884.
Mimoun, S., & Maggioni, C. (2003). Trattato di Ostetricia e Ginecologia Psicosomatica (Treaty of pscychosomatic obstretrics and gynecology). Milano: Angeli.
Miraglia, F (1990). Il dolore in travaglio di parto. In M. Farinet (Ed), I grandi temi della psicoprofilassi negli anni '90 (Major themes of psychoprophylaxis in the 90s). Milano: Ed. Progetto.
Murray, A.D., Dolby, R.M., Nation, R.L., & Thomas, D.B. (1981). Effect of epidural Anesthesia on newborn and their mothers. Child Development, 52(1), 71-82.
Musatti, C. (1958). Struttura ed esperienza nella fenomenologia percettiva (Structure and experience in the phemenology of perception). Rivista di psicologia, LII(2), 144-190.
Nakamura, Y., & Chapman, C.R: (2002). Measuring pain: an introspective look at introspection. Consciousness and Cognition, 11, 582-592.
Newton, E.R., Schroeder, B.C., Knape, K.G., & Bennett, B.L. (1995). Epidural analgesia and uterine function. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 85(5), 749-755.
Regalia, A., & Bestetti, A. (2006). Dolore fisiologico, dolore patologico, dolore iatrogeno. Qualità del dolore e esperienza delle donne (Physiological pain, pathological pain, iaotrogenic pain: The quality of pain and the experience of women). In G.B. La Scala, V. Iori, F. Mori, & P.G. Fagandini (Eds.). La normale complessità del venire al mondo (The normal complexity of coming to the world). Milano: Guerini.
Riordan, G., Gross, A., Angeron, J., Krumwiede, B., & Melin, J. (2000). The Effect of Labor Relief medication on neonatal suckling and breast feeding duration. Journal of Human Lactation, 16(7), 7-12.
Schore, A.N. (2003a). Affect disregulation and the disorders of the Self. New York: Norton & Company Ltd.
Schore A.N. (2003b). Affect regulation and the repair of the Self. New York Norton & Company Ltd.
Sepkowski, C., Lester, B., Ostheimer, G., & Brazelton, B. (1992). The effect of maternal epidural Anaesthesia on neonatal behaviour during the first month. Development Medicine & Child Neurology, 34, 1072-1080.
Tiengo, M.A. (2000). Il dolore e la mente (Pain and the mind). Milano: Springer.
Uvnäs-Moberg, K. (1996). Neuroendocrinology of the Mother-Child Interaction. Elsevier Science TEM, 7(4), 126-130.
Walderström, U., Bergman, V., & Vasell, G. (1996). The complexity of labor pain: experiences of 278 women. Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetric Gynaecology, 17, 215228.
JOURNAL OF PRENATAL AND PERINATAL PSYCHOLOGY AND HEALTH publishes research and clinical articles from the cutting edge of the science of prenatal and perinatal psychology and health. The journal, published quarterly since 1986, is dedicated to the in-depth exploration human reproduction and pregnancy and the mental and emotional development of the unborn and newborn child.