Adding Comments

We invite Member's comments on any Journal issue or any individual Journal Article. You will find the space for comments at the bottom of each Journal and Article page. You can also send comments directly to the editor at: Members can also be notified of all new comments posted by updating their Notification Settings.
Publication Date: 
Page Count: 
Starting Page: 
Price: $10.00

1. Merskey H, Albe-Fessard DG, Bonica JJ, et al. Pain terms: a list with definitions and notes on usage: recommended by the IASP Subcommittee on Taxonomy. Pain 1979; 6:249-52.

2. McGraw MD. The neuromuscular maturation of the human infant. New York: Columbia University Press, 1943.

3. Merskey H. On the development of pain. Headache 1970; 10:116-23.

4. Levy DM. The infant's earliest memory of inoculation: a contribution to public health procedures. J Gen Psychol 1960; 96:3-46.

5. Harris FC, Lahey BB. A method for combining occurrence and nonoccurrence interobserver agreement scores. J Appl Behav Anal 1978; 11:523-7.

6. Bondy AS. Infancy. In: Gabel S, Erickson MT, eds. Child development and developmental disabilities. Boston: Little, Brown, 1980:3-19.

7. Eland JM, Anderson JE. The experience of pain in children. In: Jacox AK, ed. Pain: a source book for nurses and other health professionals. Boston: Little, Brown, 1977:453-73.

8. Wallerstein E. Circumcision: the uniquely American medical enigma. Urol Clin N Am 1985; 12:123-32

9. Anand KJS, Aynsley-Green A. Metabolic and endocrine effects of surgical ligation of patent ductus arteriosus in the human preterm neonate: Are there implications for further improvement of postoperative outcome? Mod Probl Paediatr 1985; 23:143-57.

10. Lippmann N, Nelson RJ, Emmanouilides GC, Diskin J, Thibeault DW. Ligation of patent ductus arteriosus in premature infants. Br J Anaesth 1976; 48:365-9.

11. Shaw EA. Neonatal anaesthesia. Hosp Update 1982; 8:423-34.

12. Katz J. The question of circumcision. Int Surg 1977; 62:490-2.

13. Swafford LI, Allan D. Pain relief in the pediatric patient. Med Clin North Am 1968; 52:131-6.

14. Rees GJ. Anesthesia in the newborn. Br Med J 1950; 2:1419-22.

15. Betts EK, Downes JJ. Anesthetic considerations in newborn surgery. Semin Anesth 1984; 3:59-74.

16. Inkster JS. Paediatric anaesthesia and intensive care. Int Anesthesiol Clin 1978; 16:58-91.

17. Norman EA. Pulse oximetry during repair of congenital diaphragmatic hernia. Br J Anaesth 1986; 58:934-5.

18. Hatch DJ. Analgesia in the neonate. Br Med J 1987; 294:920.

19. Shearer MH. Surgery on the paralysed, unanesthetized newborn. Birth 1986; 13:79.

20. Robinson S, Gregory GA. Fentanyl-air-oxygen anesthesia for ligation of patent ductus arteriosus in preterm infants. Anesth Analg 1981; 60:331-4.

21. Weiss C. Does circumcision of the newborn require an anesthetic? Clin Pediatr (Phila) 1968; 7:128-9.

22. Owens ME. Pain in infancy: conceptual and methodological issues. Pain 1984; 20:213-30.

23. Richards T. Can a fetus feel pain? Br Med J 1985; 291:1220-1.

24. Gleiss J, Stuttgen G. Morphologic and functional development of the skin. In: Stave U, ed. Physiology of the perinatal period. Vol. 2. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1970:889-906.

25. Humphrey T. Some correlations between the appearance of human fetal reflexes and the development of the nervous system. Prog Brain Res 1964; 4:93-135.

26. Valman HB, Pearson JF. What the fetus feels. Br Med J 1980; 280:223-4.

27. Okado N. Onset of synapse formation in the human spinal cord. J Comp Neurol 1981; 201:211-9.

28. Wozniak W, OTtahilly R, Olszewska B. The fine structure of the spinal cord in human embryos and early fetuses. J Hirmforsch 1980; 21:101-24.

29. Rizvi T, Wadhwa S, Bijilani V. Development of spinal substrate for nociception. Pain [Suppl] 1987; 4:195.

30. Tilney F, Rosett J. The value of brain lipoids as an index of brain development. Bull Neurol Inst NY 1931; 1:28-71.

31. Schulte FJ. Neurophysiological aspects of brain development. Mead Johnson Symp Perinat Dev Med 1975; 6:32-47.

32. Idem. Gestation, wachstum und hirnentwicklung. In: Linneweh F, ed. Fortschritte der Paedologie. Vol. 2. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 1968:46-64.

33. Gilles FJ, Shankle W., Dooling EC. Myelinated tracts: growth patterna. In: Gilles FH, Leviton A., Dooling EC, eds. The developing human brain: growth and epidemiologic neuropathology. Boston: John Wright, 1983:117-83.

34. Marin-Padilla M. Structural organization of the human cerebral cortex prior to the appearance of the cortical plate. Anat Embryol (Berl) 1983; 168:21-40.

35. Molliver ME, Kostovic I, Van der Loos H. The development of synapses in cerebral cortex of the human fetus. Brain Res 1973; 50:403-7.

36. Rakic P, Goldman-Rakic PS. Development and modifiability of the cerebral cortex: early developmental effects: cell lineages, acquisition of neuronal positions, and areal and laminar development. Neurosci Res Prog Bull 1982; 20:433-51.

37. Kostovic I, Rakic P. Development of prestriate visual projections in the monkey and human fetal cerebrum revealed by transient cholinesterase staining. J Neurosci 1984; 4:25-42.

38. Kostovic I, Goldman-Rakic PS. Transient cholinesterase staining in the mediodorsal nucleus of the thalamus and its connections in the developing human and monkey brain. J Comp Neurol 1983; 219:431-47.

39. Spehlmann R. In: EEG primer. New York: Elsevier/North-Holland, 1981:159-65.

40. Torres F, Anderson C. The normal EEG of the human newborn. J Clin Neurophysiol 1985; 2:89-103.

41. Henderson-Smart DJ, Pettigrew AG, Campbell DJ. Clinical apnea and brain-stem neural function in preterm infants. N Engl J Med 1983; 308:353-7.

42. Prechtl HFR, ed. Continuity of neural functions from prenatal to postnatal life. Oxford: Blackwell, 1984.

43. Chugani HT, Phelps M. Maturational changes in cerebral function in infants determined by ^sup 18^FDG positron emission tomography. Science 1986; 231:840-3.

44. Arduini D, Rizzo G, Giorlandino C, Valensise H, Dell'acqua S, Romanini C. The development of fetal behavioural states: A longitudinal study. Prenat Diagn 1986; 6:117-24.

45. Sammons WAH. Premature behavior and the neonatal intensive care unit environment. In: Cloherty JP, Stark AR, eds. Manual of neonatal care. Boston: Little, Brown, 1980:359-63.

46. Flower MJ. Neuromaturation of the human fetus. J Med Philos 1985; 10:237-51.

47. Ralston HJ. Synaptic organization of spinothalamic projections to the thalamus, with special reference to pain. Adv Pain Res Ther 1984; 6:183-95.

48. Nawa H, Hirose T, Takashima H, Inayama S, Nakanishi S. Nucleotide sequences of cloned cDNAs for two types of bovine brain substance P precursor. Nature 1983; 306:32-6.

49. Watson SP, Sandberg BEB, Hanley MR, Iversen LL. Tissue selectivity of substance P alkyl esters: suggesting multiple receptors. Eur J Pharmacol 1983; 87:77-84.

50. Mantyh PW, Maggio JE, Hunt SP. The autoradiographic distribution of kassinin and substance K binding sites is different from the distribution of substance P binding sites in rat brain. Eur J Pharmacol 1984; 102:361-4.

51. Valentino KL, Tatemoto K, Hunter J, Barchas JD. Distribution of neuropeptide K-immunoreactivity in the rat central nervous system. Peptides 1986; 7:1043-59.

52. Pernow B. Substance P. Pharmacol Rev 1983; 35:85-141.

53. Otsuka M, Konishi S. Substance P-the first peptide neurotransmitter? Trends Neurosci 1983; 6:317-20.

54. Henry JL. Relation of substance P to pain transmission: neurophysiological evidence. In: Porter R, O'Connor M, eds. Substance P in the nervous system, Ciba Foundation Symposium 91. Loudon: Pitman, 1982:206-24.

55. Pearson J, Brandeis L, Cuello AC. Depletion of substance P-containing axons in substantia gelatinosa of patients with diminished pain sensitivity. Nature 1982; 295:61-3.

56. Jessel T, Iversen LL. Opiate analgesics inhibit substance P release from rat trigeminal nucleus. Nature 1977; 268:549-51.

57. Charnay Y, Paulin C, Chayvialle J-A, Dubois PM. Distribution of substance P-like immunoreactivity in the spinal cord and dorsal root ganglia of the human foetus and infant. Neuroscience 1983; 10:41-55.

58. Paulin C, Charnay Y, Dubois PM, Chayvialle J-A, Localisation de substance P dans le systeme nerveux du foetus humain: resultats preliminaires. C R Acad Sci Paris [SERIES D] 1980; 291:257-60.

59. Pickel VM, Sumal KK, Reis DJ, Miller RJ, Hervonen A. Immunocytochemical localization of enkephalin and substance P in the dorsal tegmental nuclei in the human fetal brain. J Comp Neurol 1980; 193:805-14.

60. Roizen MF, Newfield P, Eger EI II, Hosobuchi Y, Adams JE, Lamb S. Reduced anesthetic requirement after electrical stimulation of periaqueductal gray matter. Anesthesiology 1985; 62:120-3.

61. Del Fiacco M, Dessi ML, Leranti MC. Topographical localization of substance P in the human post-mortem brainstem: an immunohistochemical study in the newborn and adult tissue. Neuroscience 1984; 12:591-611.

62. Nomura H, Shiosaka S, Inagaki S, et al. Distribution of substance P-like immunoreactivity in the lower brainstem of the human fetus: an immunohistochemical study. Brain Res 1982; 252:315-25.

63. Helke CA, Charlton CG, Keeler JR. Bulbospinal substance P and sympathetic regulation of the cardiovascular system: a review. Peptides 1985; 6:Suppl 2:69-74.

64. Inagaki S, Sakanaka M, Shiosaka S, et al. Ontogeny of substance P-containing neuron system of the rat: immunohistochemical analysis. Neuroscience 1982; 7:251-77, 1097-126.

65. Quirion R, Dam T-V. Ontogeny of substance P receptor binding sites in rat brain. J Neurosci 1986; 6:2187-99.

66. Jonsson G, Hallman H. Substance P counteracts neurotoxin damage on norepinephrine neurons in rat brain during ontogeny. Science 1982; 215:75-7.

67. Idem. Effect of substance P on neonatally axotomized noradrenaline neurons in rat brain. Med Biol 1983; 61:179-85.

68. Narumi S, Fujita T. Stimulatory effects of substance P and nerve growth factor (NGF) on neurite outgrowth in embryonic chick dorsal root ganglia. Neuropharmacology 1978; 17:73-6.

69. Pert CB, Snyder SH. Opiate receptor: demonstration in nervous tissue. Science 1973; 179:1011-4.

70. Terenius L. Stereospecific interaction between narcotic analgesics and a synaptic plasma membrane fraction of rat cerebral cortex. Acta Pharmacol Toxicol (Copenh) 1973; 32:317-20.

71. Hughes J. Isolation of an endogenous compound from the brain with pharmacological properties similar to morphine. Brain Res 1975; 88:295-308.

72. Jacob JJC, Ramabadran K. Role of opiate receptors and endogenous ligands in nociception. In: Williams NE, Wilson H, eds. Pain and its management. Oxford: Pergamon Press, 1983:13-32.

73. Hosobuchi Y, Li CH. The analgesic activity of human beta-endorphin in man. Commun Psychopharmacol 1978; 2:33-7.

74. Paterson D J, Robson LE, Kosterlitz HW. Classification of opioid receptors. Br Med Bull 1983; 39:31-6.

75. Begeot M, Dubois MP, Dubois PM. Immunologic localization of ? and ?-endorphins and ?-lipotropin in corticotropic cells of the normal and anencephalic fetal pituitaries. Cell Tissue Res 1978; 193:413-22.

76. Li JY, Dubois MP, Dubois PM. Ultrastructural localization of immunoreactive corticotropin, ?-lipotropin, ?- and ?-endorphin in cells of the human fetal anterior pituitary. Cell Tissue Res 1979; 204:37-51.

77. Gibbs DM, Stewart RD, Liu JH, Vale W, Rivier J, Yen SSC. Effects of synthetic corticotropin-releasing factor and dopamine on the release of immunoreactive ?-endorphin/?-lipotropin and ?-melanocyte-stimulating hormone from humal fetal pituitaries in vitro. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 1982; 55:1149-52.

78. Csontos K, Rust M, H

JOURNAL OF PRENATAL AND PERINATAL PSYCHOLOGY AND HEALTH publishes research and clinical articles from the cutting edge of the science of prenatal and perinatal psychology and health. The journal, published quarterly since 1986, is dedicated to the in-depth exploration human reproduction and pregnancy and the mental and emotional development of the unborn and newborn child.

Join APPPAH for unlimited access to all journals.