Support for psychiatric research is limited to a relatively small number of funding sources. Foundations-nonprofit entities that support a variety of social, medical, educational, and other activities-are a potentially important source. The authors describe the role and structure of foundations, discuss historical trends in foundation support for research in mental illness, and present the results of a study of the extent to which foundations support mental health research. The results of this study confirm the paucity of foundation support for mental health research but show important differences and similarities among the foundations that support research in this field.
(Am J Psychiatry 1988; 145:830-835)
1. Freedman DX: Research funds are down: take heart. Arch Gen Psychiatry 1985; 143:968-974.
2. Board on Mental Health and Behavioral Medicine, Institute of Medicine: Research on Mental Illness and Addictive Disorders: Progress and Prospects. Washington, DC, National Academy Press, 1984.
3. Andrews FE: Philanthropic foundations. New York, Russell Sage Foundation, 1956, p 11.
4. American Association of Fund-Raising Councils: Giving USA: Estimates of Philanthropic Giving in 1985 and the Trends They Show. New York, American Association of Fund-Raising Councils, 1986, p 7.
5. Commission on Foundations and Private Philanthropy: Foundations, Private Giving, and Public Policy. Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1970, p 41.
6. Reeves TC (ed): Foundations under fire. Ithaca, NY, Cornell University Press, 1970, p55.
7. Heimann F (ed): The future of foundations. Englewood Cliffs, NJ, Prentice-Hall, 1973, p 5.
8. Renz L (ed): The foundation directory, 10th ed. Washington, DC, Foundation Center, 1985.
9. Penfield W: The difficult art of giving: The epic of Alan Gregg. Boston, Little, Brown, 1967, pp 230-285.
10. Pines M: The foundations' fund for research in psychiatry and the growth of research in psychiatry. Am J Psychiatry 1983; 140:1-10.
11. Report of the Task Panel on Research Submitted to the President's Commission on Mental Health, vol IV: Appendix. GPO Number 040-000-00393-2. Washington, DC, Government Printing Office, 1978, p 31.
12. The american psychological association guide to research support. Edited by Dusek ER, Kraut AG. Washington, DC, American Psychological Association, 1984.
13. The Foundation directory supplement, vol 10. Washington, DC, Foundation Center, 1986.
14. Foundation Center: Foundation grants index annual, 15th ed. Washington, DC, Foundation Center, 1986.
15. Foundation Center: Source book profiles, 1985. Washington, DC, Foundation Center, 1985.
Diana Kim, B.A., Harold Alan Pincus, M.D., and Theodora Fine, M.A.
Address reprint requests to Dr. Pincus, Office of Research, APA, 1400 K St., N.W., Washington, DC 20005.
Supported in part by NIMH contract order number 87-M005712101D.